Mount Airy, Philadelphia
|Neighborhood of Philadelphia|
Grace Epiphany Episcopal Church on East Gowen Avenue.
|Area code(s)||Area code 215|
For other uses, see Mount Airy.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Culture and community
- 7 Notable residents
- 8 Notable institutions
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Mount Airy is bounded on the northwest by the Cresheim Valley, which is part of Fairmount Park. Beyond this lies Chestnut Hill. On the west side is the Wissahickon Gorge, which is also part of Fairmount Park, beyond which lies Roxborough and Manayunk. Germantown borders the southeast of Mount Airy, and Stenton Avenue marks the northeast border. Beyond Stenton Avenue is Cedarbrook and West Oak Lane.
The USPS does not officially correlate neighborhood names to Philadelphia ZIP codes (all are called simply "Philadelphia" or "Phila"). However, the 19119 ZIP code is almost entirely coterminous with the cultural-consensus boundaries of Mount Airy.
Relationship to Germantown
There is no official boundary between Mount Airy and Germantown. The most common consensus is that Johnson Street is the de facto boundary; however, the West Mount Airy Neighbors and East Mount Airy Neighbors organizations consider Washington Lane to be Mount Airy's southern edge. The question is moot, however, as the two neighborhoods blend together very gradually. Historically, the entire area was part of the German Township. Many buildings in Mount Airy carry the identity and even the name of Germantown in one way or another. For example, the Unitarian Society of Germantown, the Germantown Jewish Centre, the Germantown Christian Assembly, and the Germantown Montessori School are all in Mount Airy, yet also belong culturally to Germantown. Parts of the Battle of Germantown in 1777 occurred throughout Mount Airy. The special relationship linking the two has its roots in the time before the Act of Consolidation, when Germantown was a borough separate from the City of Philadelphia, and its rural environs were what is now Mount Airy.
William Allen, a prominent Philadelphia merchant and Chief Justice of the Province of Pennsylvania, created his summer estate and mansion on Germantown Avenue at Allens Lane in 1750, and the area eventually took the building's name, Mount Airy, as its own. Before this, the area which makes up the modern neighborhood of Mount Airy was part of two sections of the original Germantown Township (which covered all of Germantown, Mount Airy, and Chestnut Hill), Cresheim and Beggarstown.
The village or Dorfshaft of Krisheim (also known as Cresheim) has its origins in the original land divisions of Germantown Township in 1689. It was a section of the township that was allotted to a group of original Germantown settlers who acquired rights to land either directly or indirectly from William Penn. It covered the area from Stenton to Wissahickon Avenues and from Mermaid Lane to roughly Sedgwick Street. The name is derived from a town known today as Kriegsheim in the Palatine in Germany which was the hometown of a few German Quaker families who had settled in Germantown in the 1680s. Throughout much of the 18th century, this area of Germantown Township was known in the land and tax records as simply Cresheim or Cresham. It was at the beginning of the 19th century that the name Mount Airy began to replace Cresheim.
Beggarstown (also Beggars-town or Beggar Town), an area centered along Germantown Avenue between Gorgas Lane and Cliveden Street, was formed out of the so-called "Sidelands" of Germantown. The Sidelands were a section of Germantown Township that had been set aside so that the owners of lots in the center of Germantown could have access to an equal share of land in the entire village of Germantown section of Germantown Township. The portion from which Beggarstown grew covered the area from Upsal Street to roughly Sedgwick Street, Stenton Avenue, and Wissahickon Avenue. As the Germantown village filled up, settlers began to move northwest along Germantown Avenue. By the 1730s and 1740s, the Sidelands area was subdivided into smaller house lots. An account published in 1770 states that the area received its name as a result of its first resident's begging for money to build his house, which later became the home of the Germantown Church of the Brethren. The name for this area disappeared by the late 19th century, and it was sometimes called Pelham, Germantown, or Mount Airy.
Much of modern Mount Airy was developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, spreading out from Germantown Avenue and two railroad lines. Large three-story, gray-stone Victorian, colonial revival, and Norman and Cotswold-style houses and mansions, with stained glass windows and slate roofs, are situated on many of the area's tree-lined streets. They dominated districts like West Mount Airy's Pelham section (a Wendell and Smith development from the 1890s), East Mount Airy's Gowen Avenue (the James Gowen Estate development from the 1880s), Sedgwick Farms (an Ashton S. Tourison development from 1905), and Stenton (a Frank Mauran development from 1905) areas.
As of the 2010 Census, Mount Airy has 27,035 residents, 11,934 households, and 6,636 families. 62.5% of residents are Black or African-American, 31.7% White/Caucasian, and 5.8% are from other races or from 2 or more races.
There are 11,934 households out of which 22.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% are married couples living together, 18.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 44.4% are non-families. 37.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 27.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.21 and the average family size is 2.92.
20.1% of Mount Airy’s residents are under the age of 18, and 16.9% are 65 years and over. The median age is 42.7 years. 56.5% of residents are female. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 72.8 males.
The median household income was $56,815, the median family income was $80,978 and the per capita income was $35,941.
The area is recognized by many civil rights groups as one of the first successfully integrated neighborhoods in America. Mount Airy residents organized to resist blockbusting, panic selling, and redlining, especially during the period from the late 1950s to the early 1970s when those practices were prevalent. It continues to be a well-blended neighborhood and was recently cited in Oprah Winfrey's O magazine for its racial diversity and neighborhood appeal. The community has also been recognized by US News & World Report for racial harmony and balance.
Primary and secondary schools
The School District of Philadelphia operates area public schools. Zoned K-5 schools serving sections of Mt. Airy include the Eleanor C. Emlen School. Zoned K-8 schools serving sections of Mt. Airy include Charles W. Henry School, Henry H. Houston School, and the Anna L. Lingelbach School. Residents assigned to Henry, Houston, and/or Lingelbach are also zoned to Germantown High School. Other nearby schools include Academy for the Middle Years, Parkway High School, and Martin Luther King High School.
West Oak Lane Charter School and Wissahickon Charter School are two Mt. Airy area K-8 charter schools. Charter schools in nearby Germantown include Imani Education Circle Charter School (K-8), Germantown Settlement Charter School (5-8), Renaissance Charter School (6-8), and Delaware Valley Charter High School (9-12).
Private schools in Mount Airy include the Blair Christian Academy (PreK-12), Revival Hill Christian High School (9-12), Islamic Day School of Philadelphia (PreK-5), Waldorf School of Philadelphia (PreK-8), Project Learn School (K-8), Classroom on Carpenter Lane (K-2), and Holy Cross School (K-8), a parochial school. Private schools in nearby Germantown include the Green Tree School (special education, ages 6–21), Germantown Friends School (K-12), William Penn Charter School (K-12), Greene Street Friends School (K-8), and the Pennsylvania School for the Deaf (ages 3–17). Chestnut Hill Academy (K-12), Springside School (PreK-12), and Crefeld School (7-12) are in nearby Chestnut Hill. The Miquon School (K-6) is in Borough of Conshohocken. The DePaul Catholic School (K-8) is in nearby Germantown.
Colleges and universities
Universities and colleges close to Mount Airy include Arcadia University, Chestnut Hill College, La Salle University, The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia, Philadelphia University, and Saint Joseph’s University.
Two SEPTA Regional Rail lines connect the neighborhood to Center City. The Chestnut Hill West Line runs through West Mount Airy with stops at Upsal, Carpenter, and Allen Lane stations and the Chestnut Hill East Line runs through East Mount Airy with stops at Mount Airy, Sedgwick, and Stenton stations.
Culture and community
In 2011, the New York Times described the influx of new businesses to Mount Airy as a "cultural revival" buoyed by "the neighborhood's reasonable housing costs and relatively safe streets." In 2013, CNNMoney named Mount Airy one of America's top ten best big-city neighborhoods.
Mount Airy has a significant number of lesbian households. It has been called a "Ph.D. ghetto" because many residents have advanced degrees. The political tone of the neighborhood is predominantly progressive. One prominent Mount Airy politician is former Republican mayoral candidate Sam Katz.
There are three Jewish congregations in Mount Airy (Germantown Jewish Centre, P'nai Or Jewish Renewal Congregation of Philadelphia, and Chabad-Lubovitch of Northwest Philadelphia). Additionally, there are three national offices of Jewish organizations (Aleph, Alliance for Jewish Renewal, the National Havurah Committee, and The Shalom Center).
A Hare Krishna community is located on West Allens Lane.
Mount Airy's main commercial district lies along cobblestoned Germantown Avenue, which also serves as the boundary between East and West Mount Airy. The neighborhood has a variety of independent shops, restaurants, art galleries, clothing stores, coffee shops, a gastropub, wine bar, fitness centers, and professional offices. Mt. Airy also has two tented farmers' markets. There are also chain stores such as an Acme Supermarket and a Wawa. The Sedgwick Theater, notable for its art deco style, has been a cultural center in the past, and now houses the Quintessence Theatre Group.
The Weavers Way Co-op, a long-running co-op grocery store in West Mount Airy, also manages two working farms, works with local schools, and provides fresh food to a shelter. Nearby businesses include Big Blue Marble Bookstore, one of Mt. Airy's two independent bookstores. The other, Walk a Crooked Mile Books, in East Mount Airy, is housed in the Mount Airy train station. Both bookstores are active in promoting community events including readings by local authors and concerts by local musicians.
- Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander, first African American woman Ph.D. from University of Pennsylvania; Truman administration official
- Mark Baltin, linguist, professor of Linguistics at New York University
- Eric Bazilian, musician
- Noah "Xaphoon Jones" Beresin, musician half of hip hop group Chiddy Bang
- Jesse Biddle, baseball player
- Sandra Boynton, cartoonist and children's book author
- Dan Bricklin, inventor and entrepreneur
- Charles Darrow, a developer of the board game Monopoly
- Elizabeth Shippen Green, artist and illustrator
- John Wesley Harding (Wesley Stace), singer-songwriter and novelist.
- A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.,the first African American judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- Amy Ignatow, author and illustrator of The Popularity Papers series
- Khan Jamal, jazz musician
- Mat Johnson, author and playwright
- Jack Jones, first African-American news anchor in the Philadelphia market
- Connie Mack, baseball manager and owner
- John McWhorter, linguist and political commentator
- Violet Oakley, artist
- Saul Perlmutter, Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist
- Kurt Rosenwinkel, jazz guitarist
- Santigold, hip-hop musician
- Zalman Schachter-Shalomi, Jewish religious leader
- Denise Scott Brown, architect
- Brianna Taylor, reality TV star from The Real World Hollywood
- Paul F. Tompkins, comedian, TV host, and podcaster
- Dr. C. DeLores Tucker, civil rights activist; first black female Secretary of State of a U.S. state in the nation; fought against music lyrics she felt demeaning to African Americans and women
- Robert Venturi, architect
- Grover Washington Jr., jazz musician
- Jessie Willcox Smith, illustrator and artist
- The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia (LTSP) is located at Germantown Ave. and Allen's Lane. The seminary is associated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the largest Lutheran denomination in the U.S., and also serves as its Region 7 headquarters.
- The Sedgwick Theater, a 1920s Art Deco movie theater, is one of the few remaining in Philadelphia.
- Mount Airy is home to numerous properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places as well as sharing the Colonial Germantown Historic District with neighboring Germantown. Listings include: the Violet Oakley Studio, Nugent Home for Baptists, Mt. Airy Station, Malvern Hall, Eleanor Cope Emlen School of Practice, Presser Home for Retired Music Teachers, Cliveden, Upsala, Beggarstown School, Michael Billmeyer House, Daniel Billmeyer House, Grace Church, Mt. Airy, Henry H. Houston School, Robert M. Hogue House, Charles Wolcott Henry School, Edward B. Seymour House, and McCallum Manor.
- USPS "Find All Cities in a ZIP Code".
- Jarvis, Elizabeth Farmer (2008). Mount Airy (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7–8. ISBN 0-7385-5740-4.
- "Philadelphia Neighborhoods and Place Names, L-P". City of Philadelphia Department of Records. Retrieved 2006-11-06.
- "Map of Zip Code 19119" Retrieved on January 7, 2011.
- Francis Daniel Pastorius' "Ansprach and die Nachkömmlingschaft" in the Germantown "Grund und Lager Buch" transcribed and translated on pp. 268-74 in Learned, Marion F. (1908). The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius. Philadelphia. Retrieved 2007-09-28. and another account that appears in the "Grund und Lager Buch" translated by Learned on p. 137.
- The Philadelphia newspapers refer to the area as "near Mount Airy College" around 1815 (Ad for residence "in the immediate neighborhood of Mount Airy College" The American Daily Advertiser. 1817-04-19.) or simply "Mount Airy" around 1820 (Marriage notice for "Miss Ann Gorgas, of Mount Airy, Germantown" The American Daily Advertiser. 1818-02-17.).
- Year 2010 Census Data for 19119
- United States Census Bureau, Selected Economic Characteristics 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for 19119
- Leonard Franklin Heumann: The Definition and Analysis of Stable Racial Integration
- "Racially and Ethnically Diverse Urban Neighborhoods, Cityscape, Volume 4, Number 2, 1998. Chapter 3, by Barbara Ferman, Theresa Singleton, and Don DeMarco".
- Gordy, John H. “Mt. Airy Group Drafts Code of Ethics for Homes Sales.” Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, 18 February 1959.
- Smyth, Jack. “Panic-Selling Fought in Mt. Airy, W. Oak Lane: 29 Realty Firms Agree to Anti-Bias Code.” Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, 10 February 1966.
- Buckley, Jerry. "Mt. Airy, Philadelphia." U.S. News and World Report, 22 July 1991, 22–28.
- "Education." Mt. Airy USA. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- "A Directory of High Schools for 2009 Admissions." School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- "Lovett Branch." Free Library of Philadelphia. Retrieved on November 7, 2008.
- Zach Pontz (June 5, 2011). "Enclave Embraces Brotherly Love". The New York Times. Section Travel. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- Susie Poppick (August 12, 2013). "Best Big-City Neighborhoods". CNNMoney. Section Personal Finance. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- "The Philadelphia LGBT Community Assessment Final Report, October 27, 2006".
- Rosenfield, Wendy (February 18, 2013). "Voices of Philly Review: The Diary of a Madman". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Bruch, Laura J. (October 16, 1998). "Weavers Way, Thriving Why Mt. Airy's Funky Food Co-op Is Still A Happening Place At 25.". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- Heller, Karen (September 13, 2012). "Weavers Way Co-op gets a ritzy rebirth". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- Timpane, John (April 15, 2013). "Celebrate words with Poetry Month events". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "Free Concerts Begin at Mt. Airy Station May 10". NewsWorks (WHYY). May 5, 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
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