|Elevation||16,421 ft (5,005 m)|
|Prominence||6,902 ft (2,104 m)|
|Location||Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska, U.S.|
|Range||Saint Elias Mountains|
|Topo map||USGS McCarthy B-2|
|First ascent||July 2, 1930 by Allen Carpé, Terris Moore, Andrew Taylor|
|Easiest route||Glacier climb (Alaska Grade 2)|
Mount Bona is one of the major mountains of the Saint Elias Mountains in eastern Alaska, and is the fifth highest independent peak in the United States. Mount Bona and its adjacent neighbor Mount Churchill are both large ice-covered stratovolcanoes. Bona has the distinction of being the highest volcano in the United States and the fourth highest in North America, outranked only by the three highest Mexican volcanoes, Pico de Orizaba, Popocatépetl, and Iztaccíhuatl.
The mountain's massif is covered almost entirely by icefields and glaciers, and it is the principal source of ice for the Klutlan Glacier, which flows east for over 40 miles (64 km) into the Yukon Territory of Canada. The mountain also contributes a large volume of ice to the north-flowing Russell Glacier system.
Mount Bona was named by Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi in 1897, who saw the peak while making the first ascent of Mount Saint Elias about 80 miles (130 km) to the southeast. He named it after the Bona, his racing yacht. The mountain was first climbed in 1930 by Allen Carpé, Terris Moore, and Andrew Taylor, from the Russell Glacier on the west of the peak. The current standard route is the East Ridge; a climb of nearby Mount Churchill is a relatively easy addition via this route as well.
- 4000 meter peaks of Alaska
- 4000 metre peaks of Canada
- 4000 meter peaks of North America
- 4000 meter peaks of the United States
- Mountain peaks of Alaska
- Mountain peaks of Canada
- Mountain peaks of North America
- Mountain peaks of the United States
- List of Ultras of North America
- List of Ultras of the United States
References and notes
- "Highest Alaskan Summits". Wrangell-St. Elias National Park & Preserve. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Alaska & Hawaii P1500s - the Ultras". PeakList.org. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Mount Bona". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-03-10.
- Wood, Michael; Coombs, Colby (2001). Alaska: A Climbing Guide. Mountaineers Books. pp. 161–162. ISBN 0-89886-724-X.
- This counts both the North and South Peaks of Mount McKinley, which is not a universally accepted practice; see the fourteener article. Bona's height is also often given as 16500 feet (5030m) or as 16552 feet (5045m).
- Wood, Charles A.; Jürgen Kienle, eds. (1990). Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43811-X.
- Richter, Donald H.; Danny S. Rosenkrans and Margaret J. Steigerwald (1995). Guide to the Volcanoes of the Western Wrangell Mountains, Alaska. USGS Bulletin 2072.
- Winkler, Gary R. (2000). A Geologic Guide to Wrangell—Saint Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska: A Tectonic Collage of Northbound Terranes. USGS Professional Paper 1616. ISBN 0-607-92676-7.
- Richter, Donald H.; Cindi C. Preller, Keith A. Labay, and Nora B. Shew (2006). Geologic Map of the Wrangell-Saint Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. USGS Scientific Investigations Map 2877.
- "Mount Bona". Bivouac.com. http://www.bivouac.com/MtnPg.asp?MtnId=7669. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Churchill". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1105-03-. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
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