Mount Buzhou (Chinese: 不周山; pinyin: Bùzhōu Shān) was an ancient Chinese mythological mountain which according to old texts lay to the northwest of the Kunlun Mountains, in a location today referred to as the Pamir Mountains. It is the mountain said to have supported the heavens, against which the Chinese water god Gong Gong smashed his head in a fit of anger, requiring the goddess Nüwa to repair the sky.
The mountain is mentioned in the Shan Hai Jing (山海经) and is the location where Qu Yuan wrote the classic poem Li Sao, one of the Songs of Chu. Former Chinese leader Mao Zedong also refers to Mount Buzhou in his poem Against the First "Encirclement" Campaign (1931).
- Feather Mountain, a mythological mountain
- Jade Mountain, a mythological mountain
- Kunlun Mountain: a mythical mountain, dwelling of various divinities, and fabulous plants and animals
- Mount Penglai: paradise; a fabled fairy isle on the China Sea
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