Mount Edgecumbe (Alaska)
Mount Edgecumbe in December 2004.
|Elevation||3,201 ft (976 m)|
|Prominence||3,201 ft (976 m)|
|Location||Kruzof Island, Sitka City and Borough, Alaska, U.S.|
|Topo map||USGS Sitka A-6|
|Age of rock||< 600,000 yr|
|Last eruption||2220 BCE ± 100 years|
|First ascent||1803 by Urey Lisianski|
Mount Edgecumbe is the current name of a dormant volcano located at the southern end of Kruzof Island, Alaska, of which it is the highest point. In the Tlingit language it is called L’ux. Mt. Edgecumbe is a local landmark and a tourist attraction.
Mount Edgecumbe was named by British Captain James Cook in 1778 after a hill overlooking Plymouth Harbor, England, or possibly for George, Earl of Edgcumbe. It had previously been named Montaña de San Jacinto (to La Pérouse "Mount Saint Hyacinth") in 1775 by Spanish explorer Juan de la Bodega to honor the saint whose day it was.
Mount Edgecumbe can be ascended in a day hike. The trail and original cabin were constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps.
On April 1, 1974, a local prankster named Oliver (Porky) Bickar flew in and ignited 100 old tires in the crater, convincing nearby residents of Sitka, Alaska that the volcano was erupting. Round the rim of the volcano someone had spraypainted "April Fool" in 50ft letters. Bickar had been planning the prank for four years.
- Joseph, Charlie; Brady, I.; Makinen, E.; David, R.; Davis, V.; Johnson, A.; Lord, N. (2001). "Sheet’kwaan Aani Aya". Sitka Tribe of Alaska. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
- Wagner, Henry (1937). The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America to the Year 1800. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 385.
- Orth, Donald J. (1967). Dictionary of Alaska Place Names, Geological Survey, Professional Paper 567. Washington: United States Government Printing Office.
- "Mount Edgecumbe". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1105-04-.
- Lamont, Tom (1 April 2012). "The 10 best April fools". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2012-04-01.