Mount Egerton, Victoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mount Egerton
Victoria
Mount Egerton General Store, Victoria, Australia.jpg
Mount Egerton General Store
Mount Egerton is located in Shire of Moorabool
Mount Egerton
Mount Egerton
Coordinates 37°37′S 144°06′E / 37.617°S 144.100°E / -37.617; 144.100Coordinates: 37°37′S 144°06′E / 37.617°S 144.100°E / -37.617; 144.100
Population 215 (2006)[1]
Postcode(s) 3352
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Moorabool
State electorate(s) Ballarat East
Federal Division(s) Ballarat
Localities around Mount Egerton:
Millbrook Gordon Ballan
Millbrook Mount Egerton Ballan
Lal Lal Bungal Fiskville

Mount Egerton is a historic gold mining town in Victoria, Australia. It is located on the mountain by the same name in the Shire of Moorabool local government area, 97 kilometres (60 mi) north west of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2006 census, Mount Egerton had a population of 215.[1]

It was named after settler George Egerton[2]

The town's main street is Main Road and consists of the historic gold mine and battery, general store (now closed) and hall. The town also contains a primary school and recreational reserve.

History[edit]

George Egerton held approximately 35,000 acres of stock farming land in 1838 which to outsiders was known simply as "Egerton's run".[2]

The discovery of gold in 1853[3] by Alexander Russell and George Grell saw a gold rush in 1854 as placer mining took place along All Nations Gully and West Gully. A rich reef was found at the hill crest in 1856 and an underground mine was established.[2] The Post Office opened on 1 February 1856[4] The town population swelled to 600,[5] several companies had established mines including the Black Horse and the town was home to banks and several hotels.

The main mine was sold to Thomas and Smerville Learmonth in 1863 and became known as "Learmonth's Claim".[2]

Lithograph of the town and mines in 1892

St Francis Xavier was built in 1868 by settler Thomas Thyne.[6] Mt Egerton Primary School began taking enrolments on November 6, 1877.[7]

Although sustained mining occurred through the 19th Century, a decline in gold output caused a general decline in the town and it gradually decreased in size while many of the district's buildings and homes were abandoned until mining operations finally ceased in 1910 having produced a total gold output valued at around 2 million pounds.[2]

The post office closed in 1993.[4] In 1996 the general store was redeveloped into a fish and chips shop, liquor store and laundromat in 1996, with the old bank being removed to make way. The shop closed in May 2010,[8] and the premises are now used as a private residence.

In 2011, proposals were submitted for a wind farm telecommunications towers both of which have met some community opposition. WestWind Energy Pty Ltd has proposed the Moorabool Wind Project, a 330MW, 107 turbine facility in the vicinity of the town.[9]

Geography and climate[edit]

Mount Egerton is situated in gently sloping but highly elevated hills ranging from 518 m (highlight point) to 634 m (highlight point) above sea level. This results in a cold and windy climate and it is not unusual for snow to fall on the town during the winter months.

The town is surrounded by bushland and is situated close to a State Forest to the east, presenting a high bushfire risk in the summer months.

Transport[edit]

Mount Egerton is an automobile dependent community. The town is situated at the junction of three main roads. The Gordon-Edgerton Road provides a direct connection to Gordon to the north and ongoing connections to Ballarat and Melbourne while the Ballan-Egerton Road provides a direct connection to Ballan to the east and the Yendon-Egerton Road provides a link west to Yendon, beyond to Ballarat and smaller towns to the south.

The town consists of 2 public transport bus links connecting to both Ballarat and Gordon however the service operates Wednesday, Friday and Saturday once a day in the morning and afternoon.[10]

The other bus service is the connecting service to the Ballan train station to meet with the morning express train to Melbourne. That operates Mon-Fri only. [11]

The high school students and private school students have dedicated bus services provided by the Govt on all school days.

Since the success of the Regional fast rail project, the local community lobbied for the reopening of nearby Gordon station or improved access to Ballan Station, however to date have been unsuccessful.[12]

Culture and sport[edit]

The Mount Egerton Recreation Reserve is the hub of sporting activity in the town, although the town's feeble population makes organised sports a challenge. Australian rules football is popular, however the local club is dormant[when?] and the oval has instead been used for other sports mostly by teams from nearby towns. Cricket is also popular. A local cricket association existed until 1951 after which the local team joined the Ballarat Cricket Association. The club has since disbanded[when?] and the Gordon Cricket Club instead makes use of its venue. Tennis was also popular, however the local club dissolved. Soccer has a presence in the town with a local team existed for a short time before disbanding.[13] Instead The Ballan United Soccer Club and the Moorabool Panthers Soccer Club use the reserve as a venue.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mount Egerton (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Sayers, C; Darbyshire, John (1975). Old Gold & Mining Towns of Australia. Chatswood, New South Wales: Rigby Publishers. p. 19. 
  3. ^ "Welcome to MtEgerton.com". MtEgerton.com. Retrieved 2007-10-28. 
  4. ^ a b Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  5. ^ http://www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/44648/MountEgerton-and-Gordon.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.clarelibrary.ie/eolas/coclare/genealogy/don_tran/fam_his/thomas_thynne_family.htm
  7. ^ "Mt Egerton Primary School". MtEgerton.com. Retrieved 2010-10-07. 
  8. ^ http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/general-stores-around-ballarat-on-last-legs/2499306.aspx
  9. ^ "Moorabool Wind Energy Permit Application" (PDF). Department of Planning and Community Development. Retrieved 2012-05-09. 
  10. ^ http://ptv.vic.gov.au/route/view/5069
  11. ^ http://ptv.vic.gov.au/route/view/1511
  12. ^ Choahan, Neelima (29 Jul 2011). "Gordon rail station no-go for near future". The Courier (Fairfax). Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  13. ^ http://www.moorabool.vic.gov.au/CA257489001FD37D/Lookup/RecreationandOpenSpaceStrategyVolume3/$file/Recreation%20and%20Open%20Space%20Strategy%20Volume%203.pdf

External links[edit]

Media related to Mount Egerton, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons