|Elevation||5,142 m (16,870 ft)|
|Prominence||1,462 m (4,797 ft)|
|Location||Ganderbal, Kashmir Valley, India|
|First ascent||1856 by Thomas Montgomerie, United Kingdom|
|Easiest route||Arin Bandipore|
Harmukh (also known as Mount Haramukh or Harmukh mountain) is a mountain with a peak elevation of 5,142 metres (16,870 ft), in Ganderbal district of Jammu and Kashmir. Harmukh is part of the Himalaya Range, and is located between Nallah Sindh in the south and Kishanganga Neelum River in the north, rises from Gangabal Lake in the vicinity of Kashmir valley. It is mostly climbed from the northwestern side of Arin Bandipore.
Religious beliefs 
Harmukh is considered a sacred mountain, by Hindus having Gangabal lake at its foot. According to Hindu mythology, Harmukh is the abode of Lord Shiva.  According to the legend of "Hurmukhuk Gosoni"
- Once a hermit tried to reach the summit of Harmukh to see Lord Shiva face to face. For twelve long years he tried to scale the summit, but failed until one day he saw a Gujar descending the summit. When the gojar approached him, the hermit enquired as to what he saw there. The Gujar whose goat had strayed and for which he had been searching, said that he saw a couple milking a cow and drinking it in a human skull. They had offered him some milk, which he refused to drink, and when they departed they rubbed a little of the milk on his forehead. When the Gujar indicated the spot where the milk was rubbed, the hermit was extremely joyful and rushed to lick his forehead. It is said that the hermit attained Nirvana and disappeared from the place, to the entire surprise of the Gujar.
Geographical setting 
Harmukh lies in the northwestern Himalayan Range. The Karakoram Range borders it on the north and the Kashmir Valley on the south. Melt waters from glaciers, form Gangabal Lake which lies at its foot to the north east side and contribute significantly to the regional fresh-water supply, and irrigation through Nallah Sindh. This Himalayan Range lies along the southern edge of the Eurasian tectonic plate and is made up of ancient sedimentary rocks (more than 390 million years old). Those strata were folded and thrust-faulted, and granite masses were intruded, when the Indian plate collided with Eurasia, beginning more than 100 million years ago. Harmukh means same in all sides is notable for its local relief as well as it is a consistently steep pyramid, dropping quickly in east and south directions. The east side is the steepest.
Climbing history 
Harmukh was first climbed by the Great Trigonometric Survey, Thomas Montgomerie in 1856 and made the first survey of the Karakoram some 210 km (130 miles) to the north, and sketched the two most prominent peaks, labelling them K1 and K2. Harmukh was later climbed by many other climbers.
The policy of the Great Trigonometric Survey was to use local names for mountains wherever possible and K1 was found to be known locally as Masherbrum. K2, however, appeared not to have acquired a local name, possibly due to its remoteness. The mountain is not visible from Askole, the last village to the south, or from the nearest habitation to the north, and is only fleetingly glimpsed from the end of the Baltoro Glacier, beyond which few local people would have ventured. Therefore, Harmukh is the mountain from which the world‘s 2nd highiest mountain peak K2 was discovered and the Serveyer‘s mark K2 continues to be the name.
Climbing routes 
The easiest route among the different routes of Harmukh is via Arin Bandipore, 47 km motorable road from Srinagar to Arin and 18 kilometers of high altitude alpine tract leads to the base of Harmukh. Another track leads from Naranag to the base of Harmukh at Gangabal Lake, but it is a steep climb.
- "The Karakoram, Pakistan Himalaya and India Himalaya (north of Nepal) - 68 Mountain Summits with Prominence of 1,500 meters or greater". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
- "How high is Harmukh". wolframalpha.com. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- "Geography of Kashmir". kousa.org. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- Bhag-P 5.25.1
- "Gangabal Harmukh pilgrimage". searchkashmir.org. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- "Know Your Motherland – Gangabal Lake".
- Some Marvels of Kashmir
- This article incorporates public domain material from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration document "STS106-705-9".
- Curran, Jim (1995). K2: The Story of the Savage Mountain. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 25. ISBN 978-0340660072.
- "Rimo expeditions". rimoriverexpeditions.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- The most obvious exception to this policy was Mount Everest, where the local name Chomolungma was probably known, but ignored in order to pay tribute to George Everest. See Curran, p. 29-30.
- Curran, p. 30
- Robert Hicks Bates (1939). Five miles high: the story of an attack on second highest mountain in the world. Dodd, Mead & company, 1939. p. 25–. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- M.S. Kohli (1983). The Himalayas: Play Ground of the Gods Trekking Climbling Adventure. Indus Publishing, 1983. p. 40–. ISBN 8173871078, 9788173871078 Check
|isbn=value (help). Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- Parvez Dewan (2004). Parvéz Dewân's Jammû, Kashmîr, and Ladâkh: Kashmîr. Manas Publications, 2004. p. 260–. ISBN 8170491797, 9788170491798 Check
|isbn=value (help). Retrieved 2 July 2012.