Mount Hebron (Hebrew: הר חברון Arabic: جبل الخليل) is a geographic region and geologic formation in the southern West Bank, with its western foothills extending into Israel.
The Hebron Hills region was in biblical times a center of the Israelite and Hasmonean kingdoms.
The Hebron Hills form the southern and eastern border of Mediterranean vegetation in Israel. A 2012 survey by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority discovered 54 rare plant species in the region, more than half of them in cultivated fields. They include Boissiera squarrosa, a type of grass; Legousia hybrida, a plant from the bellflower family; and Resesda globulosa, a rare mignonette.