Mount Hopkins (Arizona)
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Summit of Mount Hopkins from the entrance to the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory that has two locations, one at the bottom of the mountains and the second (this one) located on the slopes of Mount Hopkins.
|Elevation||8,553 ft (2,607 m) NAVD 88|
|Prominence||1,430 ft (440 m)|
|Location||Santa Cruz County, Arizona, U.S.|
|Range||Santa Rita Mountains|
|Topo map||USGS Mount Hopkins|
The peak was named after Gilbert Hopkins, who was killed nearby during the Battle of Fort Buchanan in 1865.
It is protected within the Coronado National Forest. It is bounded on three sides by the Mount Wrightson Wilderness area.
Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory
The Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory is located on the mountain. The prime mover for the mountain's observatory was Fred Whipple, a professor at Harvard University who was in charge of a small 25 inch mirror telescope in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Cambridge the ambient light was so great it caused light pollution to limit the telescope's usefulness.
That lead to engineer Tom Hoffman being appointed by Whipple to search for a site in the U.S. that would provide a clear view of the sky at a high elevation, with minimal surrounding light pollution. After searching many locations, southern Arizona with its dry air and high elevations, and the assistance of The University of Arizona, brought Hoffman to focus on Mt Hopkins. Whipple agreed, leaving the challenge to how to transport an 8 metres (26 ft) diameter glass mirror and build a telescope up an 8,583-foot (2,616 m) mountain that had no road.
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