Mount Huaguo

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Mount Huaguo (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huāguǒ Shān; Wade–Giles: Hua1kuo3 Shan1, Vietnamese: Hoa Quả Sơn, Japanese: 花果山 (Kaka-zan?)), literally meaning Mount of Flowers and Fruit, is a major area featured in the novel Journey to the West.

This mountain, located in the country of Ao-lai (傲來) in the Eastern Continent of Superior Deity (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Dōng Shèngshenzhōu; Wade–Giles: Tung1Sheng4shen1Chou1) also known as "Pūrvavideha Continent" in Anthony C. Yu's translation, is known as the birthplace of Sun Wukong, the main character within the novel. The mountain counts many demons and monkeys in its population. Within this rather large mountain, many various areas remain hidden; one of such being the Water Curtain Cave. After the brave Sun Wukong rushed through a large waterfall and made it to this cave, every individual in the mountain acknowledged Wukong as their king.

After Wukong becomes the mountain's king, this mountain became exceedingly civilized and well trained for various future conflicts such as war. Such a trait is easily seen when Wukong left this mountain for reasons such as protecting the Tang priest Xuanzang. Due to the natural and civilized ways of this mountain set by Wukong, this mountain would effectively continue to thrive even after 500 years of conflict.


Huaguo Mountain is located in Yuntai, seven kilometers southeast of Lianyungang City.[1] It lies 625 meters above sea level and covers an area of 84.3 square kilometers, with 136 peaks. The area is a popular tourist attraction as a result of its appearance in the well-known Chinese novel Journey to the West.[2]


Huaguo Mountain has many statues, they were built based on the heroes in “Journey to the West”.For example, Sun Wukong, known as one of the most powerful character in that novel, and there is a sculpture of his head. They also put round ring patterns on the back drop, which represents him come to a successful issue. Since the novel “Journey to the West” is very influential and popular in China, they scalped four main heroes after the entrance. It is a really popular tourism places, it gets thousands tourists every years. You can see 109 stone monkeys are welcoming as walking into the entrance, and there are also six stone lions guarding the place. As it mentioned, Huaguo Mountain got more famous because of the novel “Journey to the West”. The author used this place as a backdrop. In the novel, this was place where Monkey King was born. Monkey King was also known as Sun Wukong.Therefore, there are many attractions in the mountain are related to monkeys.For example, there is Monkey Stone, Water Curtain Cave, Sanyuan Palace, Yuvu Peak and the South Gate of Heave etc. There are over 100 scenic spots in Huaguo Mountain.  [2]

Monkey Stone[edit]

People name it “Monkey Stone” was because from distance it looks like a monkey. Because of the history of this sight, people like to relate the stone with Monkey King.Since Money King is the King in the story and it protects its home, therefore,this stone monkey is also seems like protecting this place.[3]

Water Curtain Cave[edit]

It is natural waterfall over a cave. The cave formed by ground fissure. What makes it unique is that in front of the cave, there are many ancient carvings,  and the letters were wrote by emperors from different dynasty, such as “印心石屋" which is written by Emperor Daoguang (from Qing dynasty). There are tunnels inside which can lead you to a platform inside the cave. There is a spring inside called Lingquan Spring.  It is not big but always full ofwater, even when there is draught. There is also a story behind it; they said the spring can lead you to the Dragon King’s Palace.[2]

San Yuan Palace[edit]

San Yuan Palace is the biggest and one of the most ancient building in Huaguo Mountain. It was initially built during the Tang Dynasty. It contains three Statues inside, which represent three Gods. They are the Gods of Heaven, Earth, and Water.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "花果山风景区" (in Chinese). 花果山风景区. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Huaguoshan Mountain". 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Mount Huaguo". Cultural China. Retrieved 15 August 2013.