Mount Jerai

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Mount Jerai
Penang south Kedah heightmap ASTGTM2 N05E100 dem.png
Mount Jerai is the isolated greenish triangle at the upper middle of this heightmap
Elevation 1,217 m (3,993 ft)
Location
Location Kedah, Malaysia
Range Titiwangsa Mountains
Climbing
First ascent Hindu settlers about 800 AD

Penang Museum historical painting K126b.jpg

1818 aquatint of distant Mount Jerai viewed from Penang Island
Mount Jerai from the Ferry between Penang and Langkawi

Mount Jerai (Malay: Gunung Jerai;) or formerly Kedah Peak is the highest mountain in the Malaysian state of Kedah with the height of 986 metres (3,235 ft). Within Kedah itself, the mountain stands at the border of Kuala Muda and Yan districts. The mountain is a massive limestone outcrop and is a lone feature from the surrounding geography of the area. There is an information board on top of the mountain stating that it used to be an island called Pulai Serai before the sea levels receded letting it form a mountain, but this fact has no research or historical basis.

The height of Mount Jerai relative to its surroundings allowed Indian traders and seafarers to use the mountain as a navigational point more than 1500 years ago. The mountain was considered sacred by the ancient Malays so they built temples from the foothills up to the summit. Hindu-Buddhist priests would pray at these stupas for the safety of Bujang Valley, the richest archaeological site in Malaysia located on the southern reaches of the mountain.

Coordinates: 5°47′N 100°26′E / 5.783°N 100.433°E / 5.783; 100.433