The name "Kitanglad" was derived from a legend that there was once a great flood that submerged the native lands of Bukidnon and only the tip of the mountain, the size of a "tanglad" (lemon grass), remained visible ("kita" in Visayan). It is considered as an ancestral domain of several old cultural communities like the Bukidnons, Higaonons and Talaandigs.
Mount Kitanglad was proclaimed a protected area under the natural park category through Presidential Proclamation 896 dated October 24, 1996. On November 9, 2000, Mt. Kitanglad finally became a full-pledge protected area when Congress approved R.A. 8978 also known as the Mt. Kitanglad Range Protected Area Act of 2000.
In 2009, Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park (MKRNP) was declared as an ASEAN Heritage Park.
^ abElevation information varies between sources. Several sources evaluated as very reliable for this information give the elevation of Mount Kitanglad as 2,899 m. Several sources evaluated as less reliable for this information list a mountain named "Mount Katanglad" (spelled with "Ka" instead of "Ki") with an elevation of 2,938 m. Information gathered from the more reliable sources mentioned previously suggests that the elevation information in these sources is in error for Mount Kitanglad, and may refer to the nearby peak of Mount Dulang-dulang. Since the discovery of this error, Peakbagger (a site previously in error over the confusion between the two peaks) now has a verified page for "Mount Dulang-dulang", confirming the above information for that peak. Additionally, Peakbagger now also has a page for "Mt. Kitanglad" (with the correct spelling with an "i" and the corrected elevation data) explaining the mistake, though the Kitanglad page does contain a disclaimer stating its information is currently unverified.