Mount Longhu

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龙虎山.JPG
Longhu Shan
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Location
Location Jiangxi, China
Coordinates 28°6′49″N 116°57′30″E / 28.11361°N 116.95833°E / 28.11361; 116.95833

Mount Longhu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Lóng Shān; literally: ""Dragon Tiger Mountain"", Gan: Lung-fu San), is located in Jiangxi, China. It is famous for being one of the birthplaces of Taoism, with many Taoist temples built upon the mountainside. It is particularly important to the Zhengyi Dao as it the Shangqing Temple and the Mansion of the Taoist Master are located here.[1] It is known as one of the Four Sacred Mountains of Taoism.

Two of them are the temples of Immortal City (仙岩) and Zheng Yi (正一), all founded by Zhang Daoling (张道陵), the Han Dynasty founder of the religion. There are more Taoist temples in nearby Shangqing Town (上清). One of the temples in Shangqing is mentioned in the beginning of the famous Chinese novel (水滸傳) "Outlaws of the Marsh".

Mount Longhu also has cultural significance has a historical burial site of the Guyue people, who placed their dead in hanging coffins on the mountains cliff faces.[2]

In August 2010 UNESCO inscribed Mount Longhu on the World Heritage List as part of the complex of six sites that make up the China Danxia.[3]

Mount Longhu can be reached from the nearby city of Yingtan.

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