Mount Morgan, Queensland

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Mount Morgan
Queensland
Morgan Street, Mount Morgan.jpg
Mount Morgan's Central Business District
Mount Morgan is located in Queensland
Mount Morgan
Mount Morgan
Coordinates 23°39′S 150°23′E / 23.650°S 150.383°E / -23.650; 150.383Coordinates: 23°39′S 150°23′E / 23.650°S 150.383°E / -23.650; 150.383
Population 2,447 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 1882
Postcode(s) 4714
Location
LGA(s) Rockhampton Regional Council
State electorate(s) Mirani
Federal Division(s) Capricornia
Mount Morgan minesite, 2005

Mount Morgan is a town located in central Queensland, Australia. It is situated on the Dee River, 38 kilometres (24 mi) south of the city of Rockhampton, and is 680 kilometres (420 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane. The Burnett Highway passes through the town. At the 2006 census, Mount Morgan had a population of 2,447.[1]

The town was the administrative centre of the Mount Morgan Shire until March 2008, when it was amalgamated with neighbouring local government areas to form the Rockhampton Regional Council. It is also the site of Queensland's most polluted river (the Dee River).

History[edit]

Mount Morgan Museum, 2004

Mount Morgan was founded as a gold mining town in 1882, and over time the Mount Morgan Mine has produced gold, silver and copper. Among those making a fortune from this mine was William Knox D'Arcy. D'Arcy used his fortune to finance oil exploration in Iran, which led to the formation of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (now BP).

Mount Morgan Post Office opened on 18 May 1885 (a receiving office had been open from 1884).[2]

The town of Mount Morgan grew in a haphazard fashion around the entrance to the mining lease near the Dee River from the early 1880s. By 1889 a number of the major religions had established congregations and erected churches including the Primitive Methodists (1885), the Catholics (1887) and the Anglicans (1889). That year the town's name was formally changed from 'South Calliungal' to 'Mount Morgan', and by 1891 the Queensland census recorded a population of 3514.[3]

A rack train climbs towards Mount Morgan

The railway link between Mount Morgan and Rockhampton was not built until 1898. Until that time, everything was transported by horse teams. The Mount Morgan Mining Company had a depot in Quay Street, where the wagoners would load up. Initially there were two routes to Rockhampton, one via Crocodile (now Bouldercombe) and the other via Kabra, Boongarry and Moonmera. In 1885, a road was built over the Razorback Range.[4]

The Mount Morgan Mine finally closed in 1981, having produced vast quantities of gold during its lifetime. During the mining operation, most of the mountain was mined away, and the town now lies adjacent to a 43 m deep acid-water filled pit. Mining companies still prospect today in the area, and plans to extract further gold from tailings at the mine site are always under development. The Queensland Government, through its Department of Natural Resources Mines and Water have begun a rehabilitation project of the minesite.

Heritage listings[edit]

Mount Morgan has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Tourism[edit]

Tourism plays a large part in the economy of the town today. A number of historic buildings still exist in the town, and tourists can take excursions to the remains of the mine. The area was host to one of the few rack railways (as part of the line from Mount Morgan to Rockhampton) to operate in Australia. The rack portion of the line was replaced by a conventional adhesion railway in the 1950s.[18] In turn, the replacement line was closed in 1987, and the town no longer has a rail connection. There is a regular bus service between Rockhampton and Mount Morgan are provided by Young's Bus Service.

Events[edit]

Mount Morgan is known to hold the Golden Mount Festival in the main street at the end of April or the start of May as part of the Labour Day holiday. The festival usually starts on a Friday and finishes the next Monday. The Morgan Street is closed to vehicles during Saturday of the Festival for the day for markets and activities such as floats and "Running the Cutter" races.

Notable people[edit]

Panoramic Shot of Mount Morgan, 2008

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mount Morgan (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Erik Eklund, Mining Towns: making a living, making a life, UNSW Press, Sydney, 2012, pp. 75-76.
  4. ^ "BACK TO COACHING AND TEAMSTER DAYS.". Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878-1954) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 7 June 1950. p. 3 Supplement: Supplement. Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  5. ^ "Mount Morgan Mine Site (entry 15526)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  6. ^ "Adolphus William Copper Smelter and Dee Township (entry 5033)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  7. ^ "Mount Morgan Cemetery including Chinese Shrine and Linda Memorial (entry 15528)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  8. ^ "Masonic Temple Mount Morgan (entry 15519)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  9. ^ "St Mary's Anglican Church, Church hall and Bell Tower (entry 16897)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  10. ^ "Court House and Police Station (entry 15520)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  11. ^ "The Coronation Lamp (entry 15525)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  12. ^ "Queensland National Hotel (former) (entry 15523)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  13. ^ "School of Arts Hall & Library (entry 15524)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  14. ^ "Commonwealth Bank (former) (entry 15521)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  15. ^ "Grand Hotel (entry 15518)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  16. ^ "Central State School (entry 15522)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  17. ^ "Mount Morgan Railway Station Complex (entry 15527)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  18. ^ Last Days of the Mount Morgan Rack Railway Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 1950 pp125-126
  19. ^ Chapter9: Leisure and entertainment: aspects of popular culture at Mount Morgan
  20. ^ Kay Dreyfus, Alma Moodie and the Landscape of Giftedness, 2002
  21. ^ Anderson, John, "Tough bush adversary", Townsville Bulletin, 22 December 2001.
  22. ^ "Fitting farewell for bush policeman", Townsville Bulletin, 22 December 2001.

External links[edit]

Media related to Mount Morgan, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons