Mount Ontake

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Mount Ontake
御嶽山
Kiso Ontake.jpg
Mount Ontake in spring
Elevation 3,067 m (10,062 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,712 m (5,617 ft)[2]
Listing Ultra
100 famous mountains in Japan
Location
Mount Ontake is located in Japan
Mount Ontake
Mount Ontake
Japan
Location Gifu and Nagano, Chūbu region, Japan
Coordinates 35°53′34″N 137°28′49″E / 35.89278°N 137.48028°E / 35.89278; 137.48028Coordinates: 35°53′34″N 137°28′49″E / 35.89278°N 137.48028°E / 35.89278; 137.48028[1]
Topo map Geographical Survey Institute, 25000:1 御嶽山, 50000:1 御嶽山
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption September to October 2014

Mount Ontake (御嶽山 Ontake-san?), also referred to as Mount Kiso Ontake (木曽御嶽山 Kiso Ontake-san?), is the second highest volcano in Japan (after Mount Fuji) at 3,067 m (10,062 ft).[3]

Description[edit]

Mt. Ontake is located around 100 km (62 mi) northeast of Nagoya, and around 200 km (125 mi) west of Tokyo, at the borders of Kiso and Ōtaki, Nagano Prefecture, and Gero, Gifu Prefecture.

The volcano has five crater lakes, with Ni no Ike (二ノ池?) at 2,905 m (9,531 ft) being the highest mountain lake in Japan.

Ontake is a major sacred mountain, and following older shamanistic practices, actors and artists have gone to the mountain to put themselves into trances in order to get divine inspiration for their creative activities.[4]

Eruptions[edit]

Ontake was thought to be inactive until October 1979, when it underwent a series of explosive phreatic eruptions (VEI2), ejecting 200,000 tons of ash in total.[5]

There were minor non-explosive (VEI0) phreatic eruptions in 1991 and 2007.[5]

On Saturday, September 27, 2014, at around 11:53 a.m. Japan Standard Time (UTC +9),[6] the volcano erupted with a VEI of 3 or 4.[7][8] There were no significant earthquakes that might have warned authorities in the lead up to the phreatic eruption—caused by ground water flashing to steam in a hydrothermal explosion.[9] The Mount Ontake volcano eruption was an extremely rare phenomenon which made it impossible to take precautionary measures.[10] At least 40 people were injured, and another 32 were believed to be missing. The Japan Self-Defense Forces began carrying out helicopter searches for missing people after the eruption.[11] Ontake's last major eruption was in 1979 and there has been no fatalities from Japanese volcanoes since 1991.

On October 7, the total of confirmed deaths counts 56.[12]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mountains altitude list in Japan(Gifu prefecture)" (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. Retrieved December 18, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Japan Ultra-Prominences". Peaklist.org. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  3. ^ "On-take". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0803-04%3D.
  4. ^ Bernbaum, Edwin (1997). Sacred Mountains of the World. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press. 
  5. ^ a b 御嶽山 有史以降の火山活動 (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  6. ^ "御嶽山が噴火 火口から4キロ程度は警戒を". NHK. September 27, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "御嶽山噴火、7人が灰に埋まる 山に残留44人 警察庁". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "3 buried under volcanic ash". NHK. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Experts warn of further eruptions". NHK. 28 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Japan volcano Ontake an extremely rare eruption". Australian Geographic. 29 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Japanese troops head for volcano after eruption to search for missing climbers". Chatham Daily News. Ontario. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "3 more bodies found on Mt. Ontake as search resumes, toll at 54". Mainichi Shimbun. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 

External links[edit]