Mount Paiko

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Mount Paiko
Paiakpl031.jpg
A view of Mount Paiko.
Elevation 1,650 m (5,413 ft)[1]
Location
Mount Paiko is located in Greece
Mount Paiko
Mount Paiko
Location of Mount Paiko
Location Greece
Range Central Macedonia
Coordinates 40°57′11.51″N 22°20′8.98″E / 40.9531972°N 22.3358278°E / 40.9531972; 22.3358278Coordinates: 40°57′11.51″N 22°20′8.98″E / 40.9531972°N 22.3358278°E / 40.9531972; 22.3358278[2]

Mountain Paiko is a small mountain range (surface area:399 km2[3]) that lies on the border of Pella and Kilkis regional units in Central Macedonia, Greece.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Morphologically, Paiko is a curvy extension to the NE of the adjacent Voras mountain range. Together they surround the plain of Aridea. East and south of Paiko are the plains of the Vardar (Axios) river and the plains of Giannitsa respectively.

The highest peaks are Skra (1097 m), Tsouma (1219 m), Vertopia (1490 m), Pirgos (1494 m), Kadasi (1607 m) and Ghola Tsuka (1650 m). Pirgos, Vertopia and Kadasi surround a large plateau (formerly native grassland) at altitude around 1200 m. Most areas of the plateau are residential or cultivated.[5][6]

Geology[edit]

Paiko is composed of igneous and sedimentary rocks, mainly carbonatite and ophiolite. Sedimentary rocks are found mostly in NE areas.[6][7]

Hydrology[edit]

Skra lake and waterfalls.

Paiko is rich in surface as well as underground bodies of water, often potable. Springs exist at the foothills and small wetlands can be found at high altitudes, connected by several streams. Two waterfalls and a lagoon of blue-green waters are located near the Skra peak.[6][5][8]

East of the mountain is a small artificial lake (Lake Metalleiou) 35 m deep and of circumference around 4 km.[9]

Life[edit]

Flora[edit]

The vegetation of Paiko is considered lush.[5] Genera of large trees include:[5][10][11][12]

Smaller plants and fungi include:[5]

Fauna[edit]

Except mammals (deers, rabbits) and vultures, notable animals include:[6]

At Metalleiou lake humans have introduced trout. Fishing is allowed under controlled conditions.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ http://www.goumenissa.gr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=173&Itemid=241
  4. ^ Google Earth
  5. ^ a b c d e f http://www.axioupoli.gr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=63&Itemid=8
  6. ^ a b c d http://www.minenv.gr/1/12/121/12103/viotopoi/g1240003.html
  7. ^ http://www.e-city.gr/kilkis/home/view/1302.php
  8. ^ a b http://www.kilkis.gr/F253F443.el.aspx
  9. ^ http://www.agrotravel.gr/agro/site/AgroTopics/t_docpage?sparam=interests&doc=/Documents/Agrotravel/learnabout/Kilkis/limnimetalleiou&sub_nav=LearnAbout
  10. ^ http://walking-greece.ana-mpa.gr/articleview2.php?id=5370
  11. ^ http://www.nagref.gr/journals/de/de19_59.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.forestry.gr/userfiles/file/pdf/DASOKOMIA_GENETIKI/KORAKIS.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.ethnos.gr/article.asp?catid=11900&subid=2&pubid=5454851
  14. ^ http://news.kathimerini.gr/4dcgi/_w_articles_ell_2_19/03/2005_137790