Mount Pleasant, Utah

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Mount Pleasant, Utah
City
Historic buildings on Mount Pleasant's Main Street
Historic buildings on Mount Pleasant's Main Street
Location of Mount Pleasant, Utah
Location of Mount Pleasant, Utah
Coordinates: 39°32′35″N 111°27′23″W / 39.54306°N 111.45639°W / 39.54306; -111.45639Coordinates: 39°32′35″N 111°27′23″W / 39.54306°N 111.45639°W / 39.54306; -111.45639
Country United States
State Utah
County Sanpete
Settled 1852
Founded by Madison Hambleton
Area
 • Total 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
 • Land 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,925 ft (1,806 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,278
 • Density 1,200/sq mi (450/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 84647
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-53010[1]
GNIS feature ID 1430522[2]
Website Mount Pleasant City Website

Mount Pleasant is a city in Sanpete County, Utah, in the United States. Mt. Pleasant is known for its 19th-century main street buildings, for being home to Wasatch Academy, and for being the largest city in the northern half of the county. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,260.

History[edit]

After taking lumber out of Pleasant Creek Canyon in late 1851, a band of Mormon colonists from Manti led by Madison D. Hambleton returned in the spring of 1852 to establish the Hambleton Settlement near the present site of Mt. Pleasant. During the Walkara (Walker) Indian War, the small group of settlers relocated to Spring Town (Spring City) and later to Manti for protection. The old settlement was burned down by local Native Americans, so when a large colonizing party from Ephraim and Manti returned to the area in 1859, a new, permanent townsite was laid out in its present location—one hundred miles south of Salt Lake City and twenty-two miles northeast of Manti.

Among the founding settlers were Mormon converts from Scandinavia, the United Kingdom, and the eastern United States. By 1880, at which time Mt. Pleasant was the county's largest city, with a population of 2,000, more than 72 percent of its married adults were foreign born. This ethnic diversity had an important impact on village life during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. For decades, five languages were commonly spoken in town, creating confusing and sometimes amusing communication problems.

The settlement and development of Mt. Pleasant followed the typical pattern for Mormon towns of the period. A square-shaped townsite was surveyed (eventually containing about 100 city blocks), lots were drawn, and the land was distributed among the population. Under the direction of James Russell Ivie(1802–1866), a fort of adobe walls and log cabins was built. Pleasant Creek ran through the fort and farming was done outside of its walls. Around the time that Ivie was killed in the Ute Black Hawk War, by Indians who had declined to participate in the settlement of the earlier Wakara War, the town had acquired its present name. By the time the final peace treaty with the Indians was signed in Bishop Seeley's house on Main Street in 1872, bringing to an end to this conflict, many settlers had already erected homesteads outside of the fort. Although the townsite is large in scale, the density is relatively low due to the original layout allowing for only four lots per block.

Mormon influence was felt in all religious, political, economic, educational, and social aspects of life in early Mt. Pleasant. Self-sufficiency was a virtue and home-grown and home-manufactured food, clothing, and furnishings were far more available than rarely found imported items. Some of the first industries included tanning, shoemaking, blacksmithing, basketmaking, and freighting. Eventual modernization brought such improvements as the Deseret Telegraph in 1869, The Pyramid Newspaper in 1890 and a telephone system in 1891.

Sawmills and flour mills were built, irrigation systems were dug, and a municipal government was created to oversee public laws and improvements. The city was incorporated in 1868, a year after the first co-operative store was founded, starting what became a burgeoning commercial district. Upon the arrival of the Rio Grande Western Railway in 1890, both the local population and the city's prosperity increased dramatically. By 1900 Mt. Pleasant had grown to nearly 3,000 persons, the largest size reached by any city in Sanpete County to that time, and the city had earned one of its nicknames, "Hub City."

The town's newfound wealth became immediately apparent in a building boom which saw the replacement of small, wood-frame commercial buildings with much more impressive, architect-designed stone and brick structures such as the 1888 Sanpete County Co-op, the Gentile store which competed with the ZCMI, or Mormon, store. The resulting Main Street district is today so architecturally distinctive that the two-block-long area has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Equally striking were the Victorian churches, schools, and residences which replaced the simpler adobe and log buildings of the pioneer period.

Mt. Pleasant has long been considered the most diverse city in the county, in part because of the liberal Mormons and the Protestant groups which challenged the dominant Mormon population in the late nineteenth century.[citation needed] Liberal Hall, built on Main Street in 1875, and Wasatch Academy, Utah's oldest surviving private boarding school, established by Presbyterians in the same year, remain as visible and functional testaments of the city's historic and ongoing diversity. Mt. Pleasant has been culturally diverse as well, with numerous musical, theatrical, and artistic groups, varied local industries, secret societies and saloons, and one of Utah's largest local historic societies, founded in 1909 and still active.

The twentieth century brought continued changes and improvements to the face of the "Queen City," its most popular nickname. The commercial and residential districts continued to fill with fine buildings bespeaking the prosperity of the community. By 1912 the first high school--North Sanpete High School—had been completed. The year 1912 also brought the Armory Hall, while the Elite Theater was constructed as a "fireproof" building in 1913. It burned down seven decades later. In 1917 a fine Carnegie Library was built in a modern architectural style. The Marie Hotel was erected in 1920 and a large cheese factory came on the scene in 1930, the same year that bus service came to town. The completion of U. S. Highway 89 in 1936 was a boon needed to soften the impact of Great Depression. A city hall in 1939 and hospital in 1945, together with new schools and churches, gave Mt. Pleasant a full complement of public buildings. Growth has increased in recent decades, as is evidenced by the small new shopping center on the south edge of town.

The northernmost of the county's "big three" cities, Mt. Pleasant was well situated near forested mountains, vast, fertile fields, and a good supply of water. While several commercial and small industrial enterprises have flourished in or near the city since the nineteenth century, agriculture and stock raising have always been the area's economic staples. Currently, nearly half of all the farms and ranches are involved in wool growing, while thirty percent raise cattle. Dairy farming, turkeys, grain, and hay are other significant contributors to the local economy. Rambouillet sheep and shorthorn cattle were prominent around the start of the 20th century, while modern livestock breeds and food strains dominate today.

Mt. Pleasant remains a thriving, steadily growing city. New buildings exist side by side with many remaining historic structures such as the Carnegie library, Liberal Hall, Sanpete County Co-op, Jensen, Rasmussen, and Seely homes, and the campus of Wasatch Academy. The relic hall and adjoining Peter Madsen Peel blacksmith shop[3] give a flavor of the city's heritage.

Geography[edit]

Panoramic view of Mt. Pleasant looking east along Highway 116

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km²), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mount Pleasant has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 746
1870 1,346 80.4%
1880 2,004 48.9%
1890 2,254 12.5%
1900 2,372 5.2%
1910 2,280 −3.9%
1920 2,418 6.1%
1930 2,284 −5.5%
1940 2,382 4.3%
1950 2,030 −14.8%
1960 1,572 −22.6%
1970 1,516 −3.6%
1980 2,049 35.2%
1990 2,092 2.1%
2000 2,707 29.4%
2010 3,260 20.4%
Est. 2012 3,278 0.6%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,707 people, 884 households, and 655 families residing in the city. The population density was 958.8 people per square mile (370.6/km²). There were 975 housing units at an average density of 345.3 per square mile (133.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.45% White, 0.41% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.66% of the population.

There were 884 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.56.

In the city the population was spread out with 36.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,603, and the median income for a family was $40,300. Males had a median income of $32,697 versus $17,279 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,630. About 7.0% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

Hub City Days and the Fourth of July Celebration include a parade down state street featuring local businesses and residents including children. Events include a breakfast at the city park, a carnival for the kids at the city park, a rodeo featuring local cowboys on the evening of the fourth and fireworks following the rodeo.

Mt. Pleasant Pioneer Day is held the last Saturday in March ( with rare exceptions). For a small fee, enjoy a box lunch, visit with others, and enjoy a wonderful program. Visit the Relic Home and Blacksmith Shop, and take the Main Street Tour. 2009 marked the sesquicentennial of the founding of Mt. Pleasant.

Sports[edit]

Winter activities include snowmobiling, sledding, skiing, snowboarding, hunting, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, biking, camping, and snowkiting.

Education[edit]

Mount Pleasant is within the North Sanpete School District and has 1 elementary school and North Sanpete High School, the only high school in the district. The district's middle school is located in Moroni. Mount Pleasant is also home to Wasatch Academy, a private boarding school established in 1875.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Mt. Pleasant Pioneer
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Mount Pleasant, Utah
  5. ^ "JORDAN, Leonard Beck (Len), (1899 - 1983)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Longsdorf, Hilda Madsen (1939), Mount Pleasant, 1859-1939, Mt. Pleasant Pioneer Historical Association, Salt Lake City: Stevens & Wallis, LCCN 41000070, OCLC 11493450 

External links[edit]