|Elevation||1,151 m (3,776 ft)|
Mount Qasioun (Arabic: جبل قاسيون, transliterated as Jabal Qāsiyūn) is a mountain overlooking the city of Damascus, Syria. It has a range of restaurants, from which the whole city can be viewed. As the city has expanded over the years, some districts have been established on the foot of the mountain. Its highest point is 1,151 metres (3,776 ft).
On the slopes of Jabal Qasiun is a cave steeped in legend. It is said to have been inhabited at one point by the first man Adam; and there are various stories told about Ibrāhīm (Abraham), and 'Īsā (Jesus) also having prayed in it. It is mentioned however in Medieval Arab history books as having been the place where Qābīl (Cain) killed Hābīl (Abel). It was known for hundreds of years as a place where prayers were immediately accepted, and especially in times of drought rulers of Damascus would climb to cave and pray for rain. Because of the murder that took place there, claimed to be the first murder ever in the world, it is called Maghārat al-Dam (the Cave of Blood). According to Sunni Muslims, Mount Qasioun is the site of the miḥrābs (prayer niches) of the 40 saints, known as the Abdāl, who are said to pray the night vigil prayers every night; a small mosque has been built over the 'Cave of Blood' containing these miḥrābs.
Further down the mountain from the 'Cave of Blood' there was another cave known as Maghārat al-Jūˁ (the Cave of Hunger). Stories about this cave are somewhat confused. Some say that forty saints dies there of hunger; al-Harawī, however, who lived in the 1200s AD, writes that it is said that forty prophets died there of hunger. Nowadays the cave has been concealed, surrounded by houses but that spot is called al-Juyūˁīyah (Roughly 'the Place of the Hungry').
On another flank of the same mountain is yet another cave, which has come down in local legend as being the cave of the Seven Sleepers, mentioned in early Christian sources, as well as in the Quran, where they are known as the Aṣḥāb al-Kahf (Companions of the Cave); this is rather dubious however, and it is only one of many caves in this part of the world that share the claim. These days a madressah has been built over the cave, but access is still given to pilgrims.
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- Quran 18:7-26.