Anna Salai

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Anna Salai
அண்ணா சாலை
Mount Road
Anna Salai Chennai.JPG
Maintained by Highways and Minor Ports Department
Corporation of Chennai
Coordinates 13°03′52″N 80°15′57″E / 13.064369°N 80.265808°E / 13.064369; 80.265808Coordinates: 13°03′52″N 80°15′57″E / 13.064369°N 80.265808°E / 13.064369; 80.265808
South end GST Road / Inner Ring Road, Mount-Poonamallee Road, Kathipara Junction at St.Thomas Mount, Chennai
Major
junctions
Pallavan Salai
West Cooum River Road/Swami Sivananda Salai
Wallaja Road/Blackers Road
General Patters Road
Binny Road/Spencers Plaza
Whites Road/Greams Road
Peters road
Lloyds Road
Nungambakkam High Road/Cathedral Road (Anna Flyover)
Vijaya Raghava Road
Sir Thyagaraya Road, T.Nagar/Eldams Road
Cenotaph Road
Venkatanarayana Road/Chamiers Road
South Usman Road, T.Nagar
Taluk Office Road ,Velachery Main Road(Little Mount)
Sardhar Patel Road
Guindy Race Course Road
Maduvankarai Bridge Road
North end Flag Staff Road, Island Grounds, Chennai
Map of Chennai showing Anna Salai

Anna Salai, formely known as St. Thomas Mount Road or simply Mount Road[1], is an arterial road in Chennai, India. It starts at the Cooum Creek, south of Fort St George and ends at the Kathipara Junction in Guindy. Beyond the Kathipara Junction, the road branches into two, with one traversing westwards to Poonamallee to form the Mount-Poonamallee Road while the other continues southwards to Chennai Airport, Tambaram and beyond to form Grand Southern Trunk Road (GST Road or NH45). Anna Salai is acknowleged as the most important road in Chennai city. The head offices of many commercial enterprises and public buildings are located along Anna Salai.

There were several flyover projects under proposal along the stretch, many of which have been shelved owing to the construction of the Chennai Metro Rail project, which runs along the median of the road.[2]

History[edit]

Mount Road in 1900

Anna Salai is almost 400 years old and has its origins in a cart track which was used by the European employees of the British East India Company to travel from the factory at Fort St George to the holy town of St Thomas Mount where the apostle St Thomas was crucified[citation needed]. The road, in its present form, took shape during the time of Charles Macartney who served as Governor of Madras. With the construction of Marmalong Bridge in 1724, the road started gaining prominence. In the following years, the road became part of the city's central business district which originally covered only George Town.[3] Today, most of Chennai's business and corporate offices are located on Anna Salai.

By the 1800s, Mount Road has become the traders' area of the city of Madras while First Line Beach in Georgetown remained the seat of processing, shipping and manufacturing businesses. However, the business activities of Mount Road was responsible for the city's economic growth. Several giant firms had beginnings on Mount Road, from the Amalgamations group to the TVS group. The road's proximity to the Government House, the home of the Governor, and the palaces of the Nawabs of Arcot resulted in several firms selling cars and other luxury goods setting up shops on the road. Simpson & Co, which moved to its current location opposite Government Estate after 1875, began building carriages and coaches and then cars. In 1903, the first steam-driven car was taken for its debut drive on Mount Road. To overcome the Great Depression of the 1930s, Simpon's introduced the hire purchase system for cars and trucks. In the 1930s, the TVS group, which was a travel operator in mofussil areas, was established in Madras by acquiring the Madras Auto Service property. In the 1940s, Anantharamakrishnan helped with the formation of Amalgamations & Co. The city's first skyscraper, the LIC Building, was built in 1959. Several major firms were then established, namely, Spencers & Co, Victoria Family Hotel (the present location of the Indian Overseas Bank Headquarters) and Higginbothams.[1]

The Stretch[edit]

Anna Salai starts from the Parktown area of Chennai city where Chennai Central railway terminus is situated. It, then, traverses the Island with its statue of Sir Thomas Munro to the other side of the Coovum before entering the neighbourhoods of Thousand Lights and Teynampet. From Teynampet, it continues straight southwards to Nandanam and Saidapet before traversing the Maraimalai Adigal Bridge across the Adyar River to Little Mount and finally, Guindy. Anna Salai is maintained by the Tamil Nadu Highways Department. The road extends for a total of 11 kilometres and traverses the heart of the city.

By the 2010s, the stretch between Parry's Corner and Nandanam was used by over 16,000 vehicles during rush hour. Anna Salai is used by over 0.183 million vehicles every day.[4] The Metropolitan Transport Corporation in Anna Salai carries about 14,000 passengers per hour per direction.[5]

Safety level[edit]

Anna Salai remains the road in the city experiencing second most number of accidents annually, next only to Jawaharlal Nehru Road (100 ft Inner Ring Road), with one person being injured every 1.13 days. Together, these roads account for almost 14 per cent of the 5,101 accidents that occurred in Chennai in 2010.[6]

Landmarks on Anna Salai[edit]

Panagal Maaligai or Panagal Building, Saidapet
Equestrian Statue on the Nungambakkam side of Anna (Gemini) fly over.
Tamil Nadu Secretariat Complex
The offices of The Hindu and the now-defunct The Mail in Anna Salai
Near Willingdon Bridge, seen from Chennai MRTS


Major landmarks[edit]

Railway Stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mount Road's takeover tycoons". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). 28 August 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Anna Salai flyovers proposal shelved
  3. ^ "Structure of Chennai". Chapter 1. CMDA. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Ramakrishnan, Deepa H. (1 July 2012). "Flyover wall mended after 3 days". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Chennai: Bid to ease Anna Salai rush, give push for public transport". The New Indian Express (Chennai: IBN Live). 11 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Karthikeyan Hemalatha, TNN 11 Jul 2011, 06.25am IST (11 July 2011). "100-Ft Rd, Anna Salai are city's most dangerous". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 17 January 2013.