Mount Salak

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Mount Salak
Mountain of Salak
Rainbow at the Slope of Mount Salak.JPG
A view of Mount Salak
Elevation 2,211 m (7,254 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,678 m (5,505 ft)[2]
Listing Ultra
Mount Salak is located in Java
Mount Salak
Mount Salak
Location on the island of Java
Location Java, Indonesia
Coordinates 6°43′S 106°44′E / 6.72°S 106.73°E / -6.72; 106.73Coordinates: 6°43′S 106°44′E / 6.72°S 106.73°E / -6.72; 106.73[1]
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption January 1938[1]

Mount Salak (Indonesian: Gunung Salak, Sundanese: Gunung Salak) is an eroded volcanic range in West Java, Indonesia. Several satellite cones appear on the south-east flank and the northern foot, along with two additional craters found at the summit. Mount Salak has been a site of geothermal exploration.[1]

According to a popular belief, the name "Salak" has derived from salak, a tropical fruit with scaly skin; however, according to Sundanese tradition, the name was derived from the Sanskrit word "Salaka" which means "silver". Mount Salak can be translated to "Silver Mountain".

Climbing route[edit]

Mount Salak can be climbed via several routes known as peaks. The route most often climbed is Curug Nangka, in the northern part of the range. Peak I is usually climbed via easier routes from the east, through Cimelati and Cicurug. Peak I also can be reached by more difficult routes, from Peak II from Sukamantri and Ciapus. An additional alternate route is 'the back way' through Cidahu, Sukabumi, and Kawah Ratu near Bunder Mount.

Mount Salak is popular for many mountain climbing clubs, especially Route II, because of the difficulty involved in reaching the peak. Climbers need to bring water with them, especially through Post I at Kawah Ratu Route. A water source, supplied by rain, exists at an altitude of 2211 mdpl on this route. Mount Salak is a low mountain.

Cimelati can be reached from Cibuntu Village. Water is scarce in some parts of this region, so travelers would be well advised to bring water with them. An irrigation system ensures water is plentiful until Post/Shelter III. Beyond this point, travelers must carry water. The route itself is scenic, with several waterfalls as well as a large villa appearing before reaching Post/Shelter I.


Mount Salak is a habitat for a variety of animal species, including frogs, toads, reptiles, birds and mammals. During research, D.M. Nasir (2003) from KSH forest faculty IPB found 11 frog and toad species in Lingkungan S (Environment S) at Ciapus Leutik, Desa Taman Sari, Bogor Residenncy. They are Bufo asper, B. melanostictus, Leptobrachium hasseltii, Fejervarya limnocharis, Huia masonii, Limnonectes kuhlii, L. macrodon, L. microdiscus, Rana chalconota, R. erythraea and R. hosii. The result does not include tree toads and other mountain toads which might also be found there. At Cidahu, bangkong bertanduk (Megophrys montana) and katak terbang (Rhacophorus reinwardtii) the latter were found.

Many reptiles including lizards and snakes, live on Mount Salak. These include Chameleon Bronchocela jubata, B. Cristatella, Kadal Kebun (Mabuya multifasciata) and Biawak Sungai (Varanus salvator). Some snakes living in Mount Salak are Ular Tangkai (Calamaria sp.), Ular Siput (Pareas carinatus), Ular Sanca Kembang (Phyton reticulatus) and many more. Mount Salak has become famous due to its habitat for birds, about which has been written by Vorderman (1885)and Hoogerwerf (1948), which has at least 232 birds species in total. The most notable birds are Elang Jawa (Spizaetus bartelsi), Ayam Hutan Merah (Gallus gallus), Cuculus micropterus, Phaenicophaeus javanicus, P. curvirostris, Sasia abnormis, Dicrurus remifer, Cissa thalassina, Crypsirina temia, Burung Kuda (Garrulax rufifrons), Hypothymis azurea, Aethopyga eximia, A. mystacalis and Lophozosterops javanica. The notes about mammals indicate that there are not many living on Mount Salak, besides Macan Tutul (Panthera pardus), Owa Jawa (Hylobates moloch), Surili (Presbytis comata) and Trenggiling (Manis Javanica).

Aircraft accidents[edit]

In 2012, The Jakarta Post dubbed Mount Salak an "airplane graveyard".[3] High turbulence and fast-changing weather conditions of the mountainous terrain are cited as contributing factors to multiple aviation crashes in the area.[3] There were seven aviation crashes around Mount Salak between 2002 and 2012.

One person was killed in the crash of a small aircraft in October 2002; seven in October 2003; two in April 2004 and five in June 2004. Eighteen people were killed in a crash of an Indonesian Air Force military plane in 2008.[3][4]

In 2012, three people were killed in a crash of a training aircraft not long before the SSJ-100 accident, which occurred on May 9, 2012, when a Sukhoi Superjet 100 crashed into the mountain during a demonstration flight, killing all 45 people on board.[5]

See also[edit]

Media related to Mount Salak at Wikimedia Commons