Mount Shuksan

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Mount Shuksan
Mt Shuksan from Baker Lake.jpg
Mt Shuksan as seen from Baker Lake to the south
Elevation 9,131 ft (2,783 m) NGVD 29[1]
Prominence 4,411 ft (1,344 m)[1]
Location
Location Whatcom County, Washington, U.S.
Range Cascades
Coordinates 48°49′54″N 121°36′11″W / 48.8315495°N 121.603169886°W / 48.8315495; -121.603169886Coordinates: 48°49′54″N 121°36′11″W / 48.8315495°N 121.603169886°W / 48.8315495; -121.603169886[2]
Topo map USGS Mount Shuksan
Geology
Type Metamorphic schist
Age of rock Cretaceous
Climbing
First ascent September 7, 1906 by Asahel Curtis and party
Easiest route rock/ice climb, class 3[1]

Mount Shuksan is a glaciated massif[3] in the North Cascades National Park. Shuksan rises in Whatcom County, Washington immediately to the east of Mount Baker, and 11.6 miles (18.7 km) south of the Canadian border. The mountain's name Shuksan is derived from the Lummi word [šéqsən], said to mean "high peak".[4] The highest point on the mountain is a three sided peak known as Summit Pyramid.[5] There are two named subsidiary peaks: Nooksack Tower and The Hourglass.

The mountain is composed of Shuksan greenschist, oceanic basalt that was metamorphosed when the Easton terrane collided with the west coast of North America, approximately 120 million years ago.[6] The mountain is an eroded remnant of a thrust plate formed by the Easton collision.[3]

West side view of Mount Shuksan in summer as seen from Artist Point

Shuksan is one of the most photographed mountains in the Cascade Range.[7] Photographs with its reflection in Highwood Lake near Mount Baker Ski Area are particularly common. The Mount Baker Highway, State Route 542, is kept open during the winter to support the ski area; in late summer, the road to Artist Point allows visitors to travel a few miles higher for a closer view of the peak.

Sulphide Creek Falls, one of the tallest waterfalls in North America, plunges off the southeastern flank of Mount Shuksan. There are four other tall waterfalls that spill off Mount Shuksan and neighboring Jagged Ridge and Seahpo Peak, mostly sourced from small snowfields and glaciers.

The traditional name of Mount Shuksan in the Nooksack language is Shéqsan ("high foot") or Ch’ésqen ("golden eagle").[8]

Nearby mountains[edit]

Wide view of the mountain

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mount Shuksan, Washington". Peakbagger.com. 
  2. ^ "Mt Shuksan". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. 
  3. ^ a b Tabor, R. W.; Haugerud, R. A. (1999). Geology of the North Cascades: a mountain mosaic. The Mountaineers. p. 92. 
  4. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 441. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Summit Pyramid". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  6. ^ "Terranes of the North Cascades". National Park Service. 
  7. ^ "Mount Shuksan". Cascade Classics. 
  8. ^ "Cultural Resources Department". NookSack Indian Tribe. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 

External links[edit]