Mount Tarumae

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Mount Tarumae
樽前山
Mount Tarumae.jpg
Mt. Tarumae as seen from Lake Shikotsu, (June 2006)
Elevation 1,041 m (3,415 ft)[1]
Listing List of mountains and hills of Japan by height
List of volcanoes in Japan
Location
Location Hokkaidō, Japan
Range Nasu Volcanic Zone
Coordinates 42°41′24″N 141°22′41″E / 42.69000°N 141.37806°E / 42.69000; 141.37806Coordinates: 42°41′24″N 141°22′41″E / 42.69000°N 141.37806°E / 42.69000; 141.37806[2]
Topo map Geographical Survey Institute (国土地理院 Kokudochiriin?) 50000:1 樽前山, 25000:1 樽前山, 25000:1 風不死岳
Geology
Type Caldera
Volcanic arc/belt Northeastern Japan Arc
Last eruption 1982
Climbing
Easiest route Hike

Mount Tarumae (樽前山 Tarumae-zan?) is located in the Shikotsu-Toya National Park in Hokkaidō, Japan. It is located near both Tomakomai and Chitose towns and can be seen clearly from both. It is on the shores of Lake Shikotsu, a caldera lake. Tarumae is a 1,041 metre active andesitic stratovolcano, with a lava dome.

Eruptions[edit]

Mount Tarumae erupting in 1909.

The most recent eruption, in 1982, was a phreatic eruption.[3] Previous major eruptions have occurred in 1667, 1739, (plinian eruption of VEI 5[4]) and 1909. The 1667 and 1739 eruptions were responsible for its present shape. Other eruptions were in 1919–21, 1923, 1926, 1933, 1936, 1944, 1951, 1953–55, and 1978.[5] Tarumae is an 'A' rank volcano — most likely to erupt in the relatively near future.[3]

Hokkaido Natural Monument[edit]

Designated as a Hokkaido Natural Monument, it is popular as an easy climb for hikers who may start at the seventh station and then take an hour to reach the crater.

At the foot of Tarumae on the north-west side one can find an impressive moss-covered cavern (Koke-no-domon).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geographical Survey Institute
  2. ^ Mt. Tarumae
  3. ^ a b "Volcano Field Trip". Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  4. ^ "Enlightenment activities for improvement on disasters from Tarumae Volcano, Japan" (doc). Cities on Volcanoes. January 2006. pp. 4, 23–27. 
  5. ^ "GEOPHYSICAL OBSERVATIONS IN TARUMAI VOLCANO, HOKKAIDO, JAPAN" (doc). Makoto Tamura Geological Survey of Hokkaido. 

External links[edit]