Mount Tate

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For the peak in the Australian Alps, see Mount Tate (New South Wales).
Mount Tate
立山
20 Tateyama from Mikurigaike 1998-7-17.jpg
Mount Tate and Mikuri Pond
Elevation 3,015 m (9,892 ft)[1]
Listing List of mountains in Japan
100 Famous Japanese Mountains
Translation Standing Mountain (Japanese)
Location
Mount Tate is located in Japan
Mount Tate
Mount Tate
Location in Japan
Location Toyama Prefecture, Japan
Range Hida Mountains
Coordinates 36°34′33″N 137°37′11″E / 36.57583°N 137.61972°E / 36.57583; 137.61972Coordinates: 36°34′33″N 137°37′11″E / 36.57583°N 137.61972°E / 36.57583; 137.61972[1]
Topo map Geospatial Information Authority 25000:1 剱岳[1]
50000:1 立山
Climbing
First ascent Saeki no Ariyori ca. 8th century

Mount Tate (立山 Tate-yama?, IPA: [tate]) is located in the southeastern area of Toyama Prefecture, Japan. It is one of the tallest peaks in the Hida Mountains at 3,015 m (9,892 ft) and, along with Mount Fuji and Mount Haku, it is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" (三霊山 Sanreizan?). The climbing season for Mount Tate is from April until November. It was first climbed by Saeki no Ariyori during Japan's Asuka period. The area was designated the Chūbu-Sangaku National Park on December 4, 1934.[2]

Name[edit]

The kanji for the mountain (立山 Tateyama) mean "stand or standing" and "mountain," respectively. The pronunciation of tate is two syllables similar to tah-tei rather than gate. The Toyama Prefectural Government uses the name Mount Tateyama as an official translation of the Japanese mountain (although it is redundant, "Mount Mount Tate") because it shares its name with the neighboring town of Tateyama. Some English-speaking locals just use the Japanese name Tateyama when referring to the mountain, both variations are used interchangeably.

Geology[edit]

The mountain is composed primarily of granite and gneiss. However, located along the ridge and plateau about 2 km (1.2 mi) west of the summit is a small andesite-dacite stratovolcano, confusingly also named Tateyama after its far more famous neighbor.[3] This volcano has an elevation of 2,621 m (8,599 ft), and has had minor historical eruptions, the latest in 1839.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Tateyama is located in southeastern Toyama Prefecture. At the base of the mountain is the town of Tateyama, which is accessible by train from the prefecture's capital city, Toyama. Public transportation will take climbers and tourists as far as the Murodo Plateau Station at an altitude of 2,450 m (8,038 ft), from where individuals may climb to the peak on foot.

Mountain sights[edit]

Located near the peak of the mountain is Oyama Shrine, where climbers can receive a blessing and warm sake from a priest. There is also a rest area where climbers may buy food, drinks and souvenirs.

Located on the Murodo Plateau is a shopping area and onsen bath. The onsen on Tateyama is famously known for its use of sulfur spring water for the bath, leaving a noticeable aroma that can be detected even while ascending the mountain.

On clear days, climbers can see Shōmyō Falls (the tallest waterfall in Japan) across the valley while traveling along the main road from Tateyama Station to the Murodo Plateau.

Nearby mountains[edit]

Mount Tate, Mount Bessan and Mount Tsurugi
seen from Mount Kashimayari at the sunset
Image Mountain Elevation Distance and
direction
from the Top
Note
Tsurugidake from bessan 22 1995 8 20.jpg Mt. Tsurugi
剱岳
2,999 m (9,839 ft) 5.3 km (3.3 mi)
North
100 Famous Japanese Mountains
Mount Bessan from Murodō1994-10-09.jpg Mt. Bessan
別山
2,880 m (9,449 ft) 2.4 km (1.5 mi)
North
Tateyama from Kurobedaira 1994-10-9.jpg Mt. Tate
立山
3,015 m (9,892 ft) 0 km (0.0 mi) 100 Famous Japanese Mountains
the tallest mountain in Toyama Prefecture
Mount Oni and Mount Ryuō 1995-08-20.jpg Mt. Ryuō
龍王岳
2,872 m (9,423 ft) 1.7 km (1.1 mi)
Southwest
Mount Harinoki from Daikanbō 1995-08-19.jpg Mt. Harinoki
針ノ木岳
2,820.60 m (9,254 ft) 7.2 km (4.5 mi)
Southeast
200 Famous Japanese Mountains
Mount Akaushi from suishodake 1999-8-9.jpg Mt. Akaushi
赤牛岳
2,864.23 m (9,397 ft) 12.8 km (8.0 mi)
South
200 Famous Japanese Mountains
Mount Yakushi from Suisho 2004-08-13.jpg Mt. Yakushi
薬師岳
2,926.01 m (9,600 ft) 13.7 km (8.5 mi)
Southwest
100 Famous Japanese Mountains

Rivers[edit]

The mountain is the source of the following rivers, each of which flows to the Sea of Japan.[4]

  • Hayatsuki River
  • Tsurugisawa, tributaries of the Kurobe River

Scenery of Mount Tate[edit]

Mount Tate from Higashi Ichinokoshi 1995-08-20.jpg Mount Tate from Mount Betsu 1995-08-20.jpg Tateyama from jiigatake 20 2001 11 20.jpg Mount Tate and Mount Tsurugi from Mount Asahi 2000-07-30.jpg
Mt. Tate
from Higashi-Ichinokoshi
Mt. Tate
from Mt. Bessan
Mt. Tate and Mt. Tsurugi
from Mt. Jii
Mt. Tate and Mt. Tsurugi
from Mt. Asahi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Map inspection service" (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan,(高山-立山-剱岳). Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Chūbu-Sangaku National Park". Ministry of the Environment (Japan). Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Tate-yama". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0803-08%3D.
  4. ^ Mountain and plateau map of Mount Tsurugi and Mount Tate (in Japanese). Shobunsha Publications,ISBN 978-4-398-75716-6. 2010. 

See also[edit]