Mount Veniaminof

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Mount Veniaminof
MountVeniaminof.jpg
Steam rising from the intracaldera cinder cone at Veniaminof volcano in the waning stages of the 1983 to 1984 eruption.
Elevation 8,225 ft (2,507 m)
Prominence 8,199 ft (2,499 m)[1]
Listing Ultra
Location
Mount Veniaminof is located in Alaska
Mount Veniaminof
Mount Veniaminof
Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, U.S.
Range Aleutian Range
Coordinates 56°11′53″N 159°23′27″W / 56.19806°N 159.39083°W / 56.19806; -159.39083Coordinates: 56°11′53″N 159°23′27″W / 56.19806°N 159.39083°W / 56.19806; -159.39083
Topo map USGS Chignik A-5
Geology
Type Stratovolcano with a summit caldera
Volcanic arc/belt Aleutian Arc
Last eruption June to October 2013 [2]
Designated: 1967

Mount Veniaminof is an active stratovolcano located on the Alaska Peninsula. The Alaska Volcano Observatory currently rates Veniaminof as Aviation Color Code YELLOW and Volcano Alert Level ADVISORY as of September 20, 2013, 2030 (UTC) after seismic and satellite observations of reduced activity[3] following observations of elevated temperature during June 2013.[4] The mountain was named after Ioann (Ivan Popov) Veniaminov (1797–1879), a Russian Orthodox missionary priest (and later a prominent bishop in Russia) whose writings on the Aleut language and ethnology are still standard references. He is a saint of the Orthodox Church, known as Saint Innocent for the monastic name he used in later life.

The volcano was the site of a colossal (VEI 6) eruption around 1750 BC. This eruption left a large caldera. In modern times the volcano has had numerous small eruptions (over ten of them since 1930); these are located at a cinder cone in the middle of the caldera.

Veniaminof has one of the highest elevations of Alaskan volcanoes. Partly for this reason, it is covered by a glacier that fills most of the caldera. Because of the glacier and the caldera walls, there is the possibility of a major flood from a future glacier run.

Map showing volcanoes of Alaska Peninsula.

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External links[edit]

Media related to Mount Veniaminof at Wikimedia Commons