Cercocarpus

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Cercocarpus
Cercocarpus intricatus 12.jpg
C. ledifolius var. intricatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Dryadoideae
Genus: Cercocarpus
Kunth[1]
Species

Several, see text

Cercocarpus distribution.svg

Cercocarpus, commonly known as mountain mahogany, is a small genus of five or six species of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. They are native to the western United States and northern Mexico, where they grow in chaparral and semi-desert habitats and climates, often at high altitudes. Several are found in the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion.

Cercocarpus intricatus, Spring Mountains, southern Nevada (elevation about 2700 m)

The classification of Cercocarpus within the Rosaceae has been unclear.[2][3] The genus has been placed in the subfamily Rosoideae, but is now placed in subfamily Dryadoideae.[4]

Members of the genus are deciduous shrubs or small trees, typically reaching heights of 3 to 6 meters (9–18 feet) tall, but exceptionally up to 13 meters (40 feet) high. C. montanus usually remains under 1 meter (3 feet) high because of incessant browsing by elk and deer.

The name is derived from the Greek words κέρκος (kerkos), meaning "tail" and καρπός (karpos), meaning "fruit." It refers to the tail-like plume on the fruits.[5]

Selected species[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Cercocarpus Kunth". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-06-21. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  2. ^ Morgan, D.R., et al. (1994). Systematic and evolutionary implications of rbcL sequence variation in Rosaceae. American Journal of Botany. 81(7): 890–903.
  3. ^ Eriksson, T., et al. (2003). The phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F region of chloroplast DNA. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 164: 197–211.
  4. ^ Potter, D., et al. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43.
  5. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 485. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2. 
  6. ^ "Cercocarpus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  7. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Cercocarpus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  8. ^ "Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Cercocarpus Kunth". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 

External links[edit]