Mountain Time Zone

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Mountain Time Zone
Timezoneswest.PNG
  MST or UTC−07
UTC offset
MST UTC−7:00
MDT UTC−6:00
Current time (Refresh the clock.)
MDT 6:37 am on 30 Oct 2014
MST 5:37 am on 30 Oct 2014
Observance of DST
DST is observed in certain regions of this time zone between the 2nd Sunday in March and the 1st Sunday in November.
DST began 9 Mar 2014
DST ends 2 Nov 2014

The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Greenwich Mean Time, during the shortest days of autumn and winter (UTC−7), and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time in the spring, summer, and early autumn (UTC−6). The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time at the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. In the United States, the exact specification for the location of time zones and the dividing lines between zones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 49 CFR 71.[a]

In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called Mountain Time (MT). Specifically, it is Mountain Standard Time (MST) when observing standard time (fall and winter), and Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) when observing daylight saving time (spring and summer). The term refers to the fact that the Rocky Mountains, which range from northwestern Canada to the US state of New Mexico, are located almost entirely in the time zone. In Mexico, this time zone is known as the Pacific Zone.

In the United States and Canada, the Mountain Time Zone is one hour ahead of the Pacific Time Zone and one hour behind the Central Time Zone.

In some areas, starting in 2007, the local time changes from MST to MDT at 2 am MST to 3 am MDT on the second Sunday in March and returns at 2 am MDT to 1 am MST on the first Sunday in November.

Sonora in Mexico and most of Arizona in the United States do not observe daylight saving time, and during the spring, summer, and autumn months they are on the same time as Pacific Daylight Time.[4] The Navajo Nation, most of which lies within Arizona, observes daylight saving time, although the Hopi Nation, as well as some Arizona state offices lying within the Navajo Nation, do not.

The largest city in the Mountain Time Zone is Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. The Phoenix metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in the zone; the largest metropolitan area that observes Mountain Daylight Time is the binational El Paso–Juárez area, closely followed by Denver, Colorado. TV broadcasting in the Mountain Time Zone is typically tape-delayed one hour, so that shows match the broadcast times of the Central Time Zone (i.e. prime time begins at 7 pm MT following the same order of programming as the Central Time Zone).[citation needed]

Canada[edit]

Main article: Time in Canada

The following provinces and areas are part of the Mountain Time Zone:

Mexico[edit]

Main article: Time in Mexico

The following states have the same time as Mountain Time Zone:

United States[edit]

The following states or areas are part of the Mountain Time Zone:

Also, the unincorporated community of Kenton, Oklahoma, located in the extreme western end of the Oklahoma Panhandle, unofficially observes Mountain Time (as the nearest sizable towns are located in Colorado and New Mexico, both of which are in the Mountain Time Zone). However, the entire state of Oklahoma is officially in the Central Time Zone. Additionally, western Culberson County, Texas unofficially observes Mountain Time.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The specification for the Mountain Time Zone in the United States is set forth at 49 CFR 71.8.[1] The boundary between Central and Mountain time zones is set forth at 49 CFR 71.7,[2] and the boundary between Mountain and Pacific time zones is set forth at 49 CFR 71.9.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "49 CFR 71.8 Mountain zone". Code of Federal Regulations. Retrieved October 7, 2011. 
  2. ^ "49 CFR 71.7 Boundary line between central and mountain zones". Code of Federal Regulations. Retrieved October 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "49 CFR 71.9 Boundary line between mountain and Pacific zones". Code of Federal Regulations. Retrieved October 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ Robbins, Ted (March 11, 2007). "Arizona Says No to Daylight-Saving Time". National Public Radio. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  5. ^ Delen Goldberg (July 2, 2011). "Nevada’s tiny town with a different time zone". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 2014-07-03. "West Wendover is the only town in Nevada that runs on Mountain Time. Jackpot, an even smaller town in Elko County, unofficially observes Mountain Time but is technically part of the Pacific Time Zone."  (quote in slide 4)
  6. ^ "Time Zone Exceptions and Oddities". Retrieved 2014-01-26.