Mountain View, Arkansas

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For other places called "Mountain View", see Mountain View (disambiguation).
Mountain View, Arkansas
City
Music on the steps of the Stone County Courthouse
Music on the steps of the Stone County Courthouse
Nickname(s): Folk Music Capitol of the World
Motto: "Your Place in the Mountains"[1]
Location in Stone County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Stone County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 35°51′54″N 92°6′31″W / 35.86500°N 92.10861°W / 35.86500; -92.10861Coordinates: 35°51′54″N 92°6′31″W / 35.86500°N 92.10861°W / 35.86500; -92.10861
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Stone
Area
 • Total 6.8 sq mi (17.7 km2)
 • Land 6.8 sq mi (17.7 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 761 ft (232 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,876
 • Density 422.9/sq mi (162.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 72533, 72560
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-47540
GNIS feature ID 0077769
Website Mountain View Arkansas Chamber of Commerce

Mountain View is the largest city in and the county seat of Stone County, Arkansas. Located in the Ozarks, the city has a rich tradition of preserving folk music and culture. Founded in 1873, the city's economy is largely based on tourism related to its title as the "Folk Music Capitol of the World". Mountain View hosts the Ozark Folk Festival in April, various folk artists at Ozark Folk Center State Park throughout the year, and weekly music gatherings on the courthouse steps that are free and open to the public. The city is also known for outdoors recreation opportunities, including Blanchard Springs Caverns, trout fishing on the White River and the Ozark National Forest.

History[edit]

The town's name comes from its location in a valley surrounded by the eastern Ozark Mountains. Prior to the founding of Mountain View in 1890, the town of Riggsville existed immediately to the east.

Mountain View was incorporated on August 14, 1890.[2]

Mountain View was the location of 1929 trial in the Connie Franklin murder case, in which the "victim" testified.

A tornado on April 14, 1996, rated F4 on the Fujita scale killed NFL quarterback Kurt Warner's mother-in-law and father in-law. Another EF4 tornado caused major damage to the town on February 5, 2008 in the 2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak, the deadliest tornado outbreak in two decades.

Geography[edit]

Mountain View is located at 35°51′54″N 92°6′31″W / 35.86500°N 92.10861°W / 35.86500; -92.10861 (35.864886, −92.108497).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.7 km²), of which, 6.8 square miles (17.7 km²) of it is land and 0.15% is water.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mountain View has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 226
1910 272 20.4%
1920 342 25.7%
1930 458 33.9%
1940 745 62.7%
1950 1,043 40.0%
1960 983 −5.8%
1970 1,866 89.8%
1980 2,147 15.1%
1990 2,439 13.6%
2000 2,876 17.9%
2010 2,748 −4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,876 people, 1,287 households, and 792 families residing in the city. The population density was 421.8 people per square mile (162.8/km²). There were 1,450 housing units at an average density of 212.7 per square mile (82.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.97% White, 0.94% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,287 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 20.7% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 25.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,302, and the median income for a family was $27,589. Males had a median income of $20,000 versus $16,790 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,375. About 10.2% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is largely tourism-based. Numerous hotels and restaurants exist to serve travelers who come to visit the nearby Blanchard Springs Caverns, in Fifty-Six, Arkansas, The Ozark Folk Center State Park, and Loco Ropes Treetop Adventure Park. Many others seek the world-renowned trout fishing of the White River, or the excellent camping, hiking and mountain-biking that can be found in the Ozark National Forest. A few live music and variety shows, such as the White River Hoedown, also entertain travelers by mixing contemporary country, gospel and bluegrass music with a bit of local humor. However, the majority of visitors to Mountain View come to attend one of the two major festivals held here every year, and to enjoy the impromptu folk music jam sessions that occur around the courthouse square.

The remainder of the local economy consists mostly of agriculture, specifically the farming of livestock, primarily cattle and chickens. Large-scale industrial activities in the area are overall nonexistent, excepting a few small manufacturing companies. The Stone County Iron Works, a nationally-known company that produces iron furniture, fixtures and housewares, is headquartered in Mountain View. Recently, the city has seen expansion of its personal aircraft maintenance and repair industry.

Stone County, along with neighboring Arkansas counties, is a dry county.

Arts and culture[edit]

Much of downtown Mountain View's original buildings are built using native stone, giving the courthouse square a distinctive look and feel

Annual cultural events[edit]

Local festivals play an integral part in Mountain View's economy and culture, and the city is widely know throughout the country for its hospitality, uniqueness and relaxed pace of life. As such, thousands of people travel to Mountain View each year to attend one of these events, and get a taste of Ozark Mountain culture. Often lodging must be secured a year in advance of the two major festivals. Some local estimates say that the city's population has grown to as much as 100,000 during past festivals, though this is likely an exaggeration. Average festival attendance tends to fall between 40,000 and 60,000.

In April, the city hosts the Ozark Folk Festival. A highlight of this festival is an old-fashioned "home-town" parade, which brings out school bands, patriotic veterans groups, show horses, and decorated floats. Numerous folk craft vendors and many impromptu performances of live folk music are also part of the celebration.

During the spring, summer and fall, anytime the weather is nice, people from all over will gather in and around the courthouse square to play and listen to music. Bluegrass mostly, but a wide array of folk, swing, country and gospel can be heard performed by local townsfolk as well as pickers from hundreds of miles away. Small eating establishments on the square serve BBQ, hamburgers, corn dogs, funnel cakes, ice cream, milkshakes, and even beans & cornbread.

During the last weekend of October, thousands attend the Arkansas Bean Fest and Great Championship Outhouse Races. Early Saturday morning, nearly one ton of pinto beans are cooked in large, antique iron kettles that are set up along the west side of the courthouse square. Promptly at noon, a nearly endless amount of free beans and cornbread are served to the gathered crowd. The festival continues with the famous Outhouse Race. Teams from Arkansas and surrounding states push outhouses built on wheels (similar to a go-kart) in a series of races. The overall champion receives the coveted Golden Toilet Seat Trophy. Handmade crafts and folk music play an integral part in this festival as well.

Other local festivals included the Mountain View Bluegrass Festival, held in both mid-March and mid-November; An Old-Fashioned Fourth of July, held on July 3 and 4; and the Ozark Mountain Christmas, held throughout the month of December. The latter festival is especially notable because it features the town Christmas tree lighting and lighting of the downtown square, including the courthouse and other downtown buildings.

The Ozark Folk Center plays host to several events throughout the year, including live concerts by well-known artist such as the Old Crow Medicine Show and Del McCoury, the Arkansas State Fiddle Championships, and workshops teaching banjo, dulcimer, and other folk crafts.

Education[edit]

The city hosts a satellite campus of Ozarka College, a two-year institution whose main campus is located in Melbourne, Arkansas. The city is also home to the main campus of the Mountain View School District, a secondary school that also maintains campuses in Timbo, Arkansas and Fox, Arkansas. The school district boundaries are the same as those of Stone County, Arkansas.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mountain View Arkansas Chamber of Commerce". Mountain View Arkansas Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Mountain View, Arkansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Mountain View
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Missy Irvin's Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Dick Powell". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Jimmy Driftwood". In Memoriam. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 

External links[edit]