|Population||1,899 (2011 Census)|
Moura is a small town and locality in the Shire of Banana in Central Queensland, Australia. It services the surrounding coal mining and rural activities. It is situated approximately 65 kilometres (40 mi) west of Biloela on the Dawson Highway, 186 kilometres (116 mi) west of the port city of Gladstone, and 171 kilometres (106 mi) south west of Rockhampton. At the 2011census, Moura had a population of 1,899 people.
A number of industries are represented in the local economy. Chief amongst these is coal mining. The name of the local coal mine changes each time it's sold - currently Dawson Mine - owned and operated by Anglo Coal. Only open-cut mining has been used since 1994. Beef, cotton and cereals are other major industries of the area.
In 1854 Charles Marshall named his leased pastoral selection Moura. There are two theories regarding the origin of the name. One is that it is named after Moura in Portugal where he served in the British Army during the Peninsular Wars. The other is that it is an Aboriginal word meaning native camp dog.
The Moura property was developed into a homestead in 1880 by Edward Homer. The town was first established in 1936 as a farming centre near the existing Moura Station.
Moura Provisional School was opened on 10 September 1940. It became Moura State School on 1 January 1948. In 1965 a secondary department was attached to the school. By 1975, there were sufficient secondary students to warrant a formal high school and so Moura State High School was opened on 25 January 1976 with 263 pupils.
There have been three mining disasters that have occurred near Moura:
- The first was the Kianga mining disaster occurring due to an explosion in the underground workings of the Kianga No. 1 mine on 20 September 1975, claiming 13 miners' lives.
- The second, on 16 July 1986, was an explosion in the Moura No. 4 underground mine, claiming twelve miners' lives, the youngest miner being 18.
- The third was an explosion in the Moura No. 2 underground coal mine on 7 August 1994. Rescue and recovery attempts were abandoned after a second, more violent explosion occurred 18 hours later. Eleven miners' lives had been lost and the mine was sealed at the surface.
After 1994, underground mining ceased and the area was operated as an open-cut coal mine.
The references in the text above have been moved but the full reports of these accidents can still be found at this reference. There is also a book titled "Managing Major Hazards - The Lessons of the Moura Mine Disaster" which was written by Andrew Hopkins.
Average yearly Rainfall: 732mm, raining an average of 63 days per year. The average summer temperature is 32 degrees Celsius (with temperatures in excess of 36 degrees Celsius a common occurrence during Dec-Jan). The average winter temperature is 12 degrees Celsius.
Moura State School is a government primary school (P-7), while Moura State High School is a government secondary school (8-12). Both are located in Gillespie Street.
The 150th meridian east, located just outside of Moura, is a very popular among tourists as well as local residents to have their picture taken in the exact path of the longitude line. Rocks with drill holes have been lined up to represent the exact angle and location of longitude line.
APEX Park (river)
The APEX park is situated next to the Dawson River which is located 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) west on the Dawson highway. The APEX park has free camping grounds with facilities such as hot showers, a traditional wood barbecue, toilets and lawn for the afternoon picnic. It also has a public boat ramp.
The Moura Museum and Information Centre is located at 33 Gillespie Street. The museum presents Moura's agricultural and industrial history. A set of Japanese collectables provided by the Misui Mining Company are on display.
Culture, Events and Festivals
Muddy Water Classic
Moura Muddy water classic is a fishing competition held annually on the 3rd weekend in February at the APEX park on the Dawson River. It brings many people from the surrounding areas for the local fishing competition.
Coal and Country Festival
The town also has many shops, including banks, post office, video store, grocery store, newsagent, beauticians, hairdressers, butcher, service station, electrical, furniture and hardware store and many more. Moura also has numerous sporting clubs (golf, bowls, squash, football) as well as eateries and restaurants. There is also a RSL and Memorial (now closed) club for socialising.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Moura(SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Moura (town) (entry 23219)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Moura (locality) (entry 40438)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "History". Moura Community Progress Group. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "ESTABLISHMENT OF POST OFFICE AT MOURA.". Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 30 August 1939. p. 8. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "MOURA.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 14 December 1939. p. 38. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Agency ID8535, Moura State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Agency ID181, Moura State High School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Report on an accident at Kiana No. 1. underground mine on Saturday, 20th September, 1975.". Warden's Inquiry. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- Full report - Moura No 4 underground mine, warden's inquiry
- Full report - Moura No 2 underground mine, warden's inquiry
- Moura Disaster Reports
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Moura (L)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Moura (SSC)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Queensland State and Non-State Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Moura Museum and Information Centre". Dawson River Towns Inc. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Moura". Dawson River Towns Inc. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Muddy Water Fishing Classic". Annual Events. Moura Community Progress Association. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Simple Pleasures: Banana Shire". The Gladstone Region. Tourism Queensland. p. 3. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Contact Us". Banana Shire Council. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Moura
- Mining town casts its memories in Bronze The Australian 19 October 1987
- Bronze reminder of a disaster The Sydney Morning Herald 8 April 1988
- As Moura mourns the loss of 11 miners, a colleague reveals how he cheated death New Idea, 1994
- Moura Chamber of Commerce Community Web Site