Movement for the Autonomies

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Movement for the Autonomies
Movimento per le Autonomie
Leader Raffaele Lombardo
Federal Secretary TBD
Founded 30 April 2005
Split from Union of Christian and Centre Democrats[1]
Headquarters via dell'Oca, 27
00186 Rome
Newspaper none
Membership unknown
Ideology Regionalism[2]
Autonomism[3][4]
Christian democracy[2]
Political position Centre-right[5][6]
National affiliation PdLLN–MpA (2008–10)
New Pole for Italy (2010–12)
Centre-right coalition (2013)
International affiliation none
European affiliation none
European Parliament group EPP–ED (2005–09)
Chamber of Deputies
1 / 630
Senate
2 / 315
Sicilian Regional Assembly
6 / 90
Website
http://www.mpa-italia.it/
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Movement for the Autonomies (Italian: Movimento per le Autonomie, MpA) is a regionalist[2] and Christian democratic[2][7] political party in Italy. It demands economic development and greater autonomy for Sicily and the other regions of Southern Italy.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The party was founded on 30 April 2005 as the Movement for Autonomy (Movimento per l'Autonomia) by Sicilian splinters from the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC) and other centre-right parties, notably Forza Italia (FI), the Italian Republican Party (PRI) and New Italian Socialist Party (NPSI).

At the 2006 general election the party joined the centre-right House of Freedoms coalition and formed a joint-list, the Pact for Autonomies, with Lega Nord, a regionalist movement based in Northern Italy, and the Sardinian Action Party. The MpA elected five deputies (two in the lists of FI) and two senators (one in the lists of FI). Lombardo claimed to have discarded the possibility of an alliance with the centre-left The Union mainly because of the latter's opposition to the building of the Strait of Messina Bridge and their support to civil unions.

In January 2008 the MpA formed a political pact with Italy of the Centre (IdC), under which Vincenzo Scotti, leader of IdC, became president of the party.[8] At the 2008 general election the party won 1.1% of the vote (7.4% in Sicily) and obtained 8 deputies and 2 senators, due to the alliance with The People of Freedom (PdL) and Lega Nord. After the election the MpA joined the Berlusconi IV Cabinet. More important, at the Sicilian regional election Lombardo was elected President of the region by a landslide and the MpA was the third largest party with 13.8% of the vote (21.8% if also the vote for Lombardo's personal list and the Autonomist Democrats) and 15 regional deputies.

The Party of the South[edit]

In the 2009 European Parliament election the MpA, that changed its name into Movement for the Autonomies in order to reflect its attempt to become a national party rooted in every part of the country, ran as part of The Autonomy, that included also The Right, the Pensioners' Party and the Alliance of the Centre.[9][10] As part of its "national" strategy the party was joined by some small regionalist parties active in Northern regions: Lombardia Autonoma, the Forum of the Venetians, Autonomist Trentino and S.O.S. Italy. At the national level the alliance gained a mere 2.2% of the vote, thus returning no MEPs, but in its Sicilian stronghold it reached 15.6%.

Since the election there were talks about the foundation of a new "Party of the South", of which the MpA would have been the core.[11][12] In December 2009 Raffaele Lombardo, leader of the MpA and President of Sicily, formed his third cabinet that included ministers from his MpA party, the "PdL–Sicily" of Gianfranco Micciché and the newly formed regional section of Alliance for Italy (ApI), plus some independents, including one who was close to the centre-left opposition Democratic Party (PD). Lombardo appointed no members of the "official" PdL and of the UDC.[13]

The break-up of the alliance with the official PdL in Sicily and all around the South led to a painful split. In January 2010 Vincenzo Scotti and four deputies out of eight, who wanted to continue the alliance with the PdL, were expelled from the party[14] and formed their own movement called We South (NS).[15][16] However, in September 2010 Lombardo broke also with Micciché and formed his fourth cabinet supported by the so-called "third pole" coalition, composed of the MpA, Future and Freedom (FLI), a wing of the UDC and ApI, plus the PD.[17][18] In November, as an ally of Gianfranco Fini's FLI, the MpA quit Berlusconi's government.[19]

On 15 December 2010 the MpA was a founding member of the New Pole for Italy (NPI) along with the UDC, FLI and ApI.[20][21]

In March 2011 Lombardo announced that the MpA would soon merge into a larger "party of the South".[22][23][24]

In July 2012 Lombardo step down from secretary of the party and was replaced by Giovanni Pistorio, long-time Sicilian leader of the party, and Agazio Loiero, a former Democrat who was President of Calabria from 2005 to 2010.[25][26]

Party of Sicilians[edit]

Main article: Party of Sicilians

In August Lombardo resigned also from President of Sicily, prompting an early election.[27] The Sicilian section of the MpA was renamed as Party of Sicilians (PdS). Lombardo decided not to stand for re-election and the PdS chose to support Gianfranco Miccichè, leader of Great South, for President, as part of a "Sicilianist" coalition.[28][29][30] Micciché won 15.4% of the vote and the PdS obtained a mere 9.5%.[31]

The PdS/MpA failed to pass the electoral thresholds in the 2013 general election, but, thanks to an agreement with the PdL, had one deputy (Angelo Attaguile) and two senators (Antonio Scavone and Pippo Compagnone) elected.[32] Attaguile chose to team up with Lega Nord in the "Lega Nord–Autonomies" parliamentary group.[33]

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2008 410,499 (#8) 1.2
8 / 630
Raffaele Lombardo
2013 148,534 (#13) 0.4
3 / 630
Decrease 5
Raffaele Lombardo
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2008 355,361 (#8) 1.1
2 / 315
Raffaele Lombardo
2013 48,618 (#15) 0.2
2 / 315
Raffaele Lombardo

European Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2009 681,290 (#9) 2.2
0 / 72
Raffaele Lombardo

Sicilian Regional Assembly[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2006 308,219 (#5) 12.5
10 / 90
Raffaele Lombardo
2008 371,418 (#3) 14.0
16 / 90
Increase 6
Raffaele Lombardo
2012 182,737 (#5) 9.5
10 / 90
Decrease 6
Raffaele Lombardo

Leadership[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sonia Alonso (26 April 2012). Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Oxford University Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-19-969157-9. 
  2. ^ a b c d Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  3. ^ ANSA (2007). Il libro ANSA 2007. Notizie, immagini, personaggi (in Italian). Gremese Editore. p. 46. ISBN 978-88-8440-457-2. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  4. ^ D'Atena, Antonio (2011). Sesto rapporto sullo stato del regionalismo in Italia (in Italian). Giuffrè Editore. p. 54. ISBN 978-88-14-17198-7. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Spina, Antonio La; Riolo, Claudio (2012). Il Mezzogiorno nel sistema politico italiano: classi dirigenti, criminalità organizzata, politiche pubbliche (in Italian). FrancoAngeli. p. 62. ISBN 978-88-204-1029-2. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Cotta, Maurizio; Verzichelli, Luca (2008). Il Sistema Politico Italiano (in Italian). Il Mulino. ISBN 978-88-15-12221-6. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Jeff Haynes; Anja Hennig (3 July 2013). Religious Actors in the Public Sphere: Means, Objectives, and Effects. Routledge. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-136-66171-6. 
  8. ^ Tom Lansford (15 April 2013). Political Handbook of the World 2013. SAGE Publications. p. 714. ISBN 978-1-4522-5825-6. 
  9. ^ あがり症の対策方法について
  10. ^ http://www.irispress.it/Iris/page.asp?VisImg=S&Art=33035&Cat=1&I=null&IdTipo=0&TitoloBlocco=Italia&Codi_Cate_Arti=18
  11. ^ Lombardo lancia il «Partito del Sud» «Bassolino e Loiero vengano con me»
  12. ^ http://www.mpa-italia.it/portal/modules/news/article.php?storyid=562
  13. ^ Lombardo oggi azzera il governo regionale Si riparte con Mpa, Pdl Sicilia e rutelliani | Palermo la Repubblica.it
  14. ^ L' Mpa espelle Enzo Scotti «Sta con il Pdl»
  15. ^ http://www.ilvelino.it/articolo.php?Id=1044026
  16. ^ http://www.asca.it/news-CAMERA__PRESENTATO_NUOVO_GRUPPO__NOI_SUD__-_ALLE_REGIONALI_COL_PDL-888782-ORA-.html
  17. ^ Sicilia, pronto «l' altro polo» Il Pd: sì con un programma forte
  18. ^ Via al «terzo polo» di Lombardo Giunta di tecnici con Pd e futuristi
  19. ^ Governo, i «futuristi» si sono dimessi Berlusconi e Bossi: fiducia oppure voto - Corriere della Sera
  20. ^ Nasce il Polo della nazione
  21. ^ Fini: dimissioni? Opzione che non esiste E Bossi invita ad «abbassare i toni»
  22. ^ Addio Mpa, Lombardo s'inventa l'ennesimo Partito del Sud - IlGiornale.it
  23. ^ Lombardo punta su "I Meridionali" "Un partito per difendere il Sud"- gds.it
  24. ^ http://www.ilvelino.it/articolo.php?Id=1318406
  25. ^ Romano: in giunta? Sì, anche senza il Pdl- gds.it
  26. ^ http://www.corrieredellacalabria.it/stories/politica/7232_mpa_loiero_leader_nel_dopo-lombardo/
  27. ^ Lombardo si dimette ma resta: sarò presidente per l' «ordinario»
  28. ^ Il Partito dei siciliani ora ha anche il simbolo: Pistorio lo presenta a Catania - Corriere del Mezzogiorno
  29. ^ http://www.ilgiornalediragusa.it/notizie/politica/43019-elezioni-regionali-nasce-il-partito-dei-siciliani-sosterra-micciche-presidente.html
  30. ^ Sicilia/ Micciché molla Musumeci - Affaritaliani.it
  31. ^ Sicilia - Elezioni Regionali 28 ottobre 2012 - la Repubblica.it
  32. ^ Lombardo fuori dal Senato, ma il Pds ha due senatori e un deputato
  33. ^ Lega, con il Pdl alle consultazioni. Calderoli: non andremo in aiuto del Pd - Politica - ANSA.it