Type of site
|Available in||German, English, Russian|
|656 (August 2014)|
|Current status||Online (in proxy)|
Movie4k.to, formerly known as Movie2k.to, is a user-contributed video directory for television programs and films. It is a website aggregator acting as a search index for online video. In May 2013, Movie2k.to was shut down by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) due to copyright infringement concerns, but morphed into Movie4k.to shortly after. It primarily serves English and German-speaking areas. However, the site is also no longer accessible to areas in the UK, to Italy and parts of the USA due to ISP's blocking the site. Proxies were used on the original site 'movie2k.to' and will most likely be used by the public on 'movie4k.to' until these proxy sites are also removed.
In 2011, the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) classified Movie2k.to as a "notorious market" for piracy in a letter to the United States House of Representatives. The federal government of the United States had intentions to shut down video directories, such as Movie2k.to; however, some of these proposals were hindered because of their foreign headquarters. Movie2k.to was based in Romania at this time. Two years later, on May 29, 2013, the website was unexpectedly shut down by the MPAA because of a court order. Initial claims asserted that the operators were caught. The website had already been blocked earlier that month in the United Kingdom by major ISPs due to copyright infringement concerns.
Shortly after its closure, there are possibilities that another website, Movie4k.to, would launch. Investigation began when the website was redirected to another page labeled with a short note. The IP address, edited significantly on May 30, 2013 shortly after Movie2k.to's closure, was registered to a server in the British Virgin Islands. It was initially created in 2011, but was never used until 2013. On June 1, 2013, Movie2k.to morphed into Movie4k.to. The developers released a statement regarding the closure of Movie2k.to, on their website. They criticized the laws of piracy, claiming that it does not compare to a violent crime as police make it seem, in their opinion. They also criticized how the act was money driven, saying "[according to current laws] money is way more important than a unique human life." Several people were angered by the initial closure by the MPAA.
The website provides a detailing listing of television programs and films, and aggregates the media content available on the Internet. Movie4k.to does not host any content, and instead acts as a search index for streaming sources. The directory supports user-submitted links by registered editors. It is available in German, English and Russian. Another function of the site is that of a site guide or directory. Movie4k.to contains a comprehensive directory of video websites, mostly on the television and film pages.
As of May 2013, the website is the 202nd most popular website in the world, with a major effect in Germany, where it is ranked as among the 20 German websites with the most viewers, making it more popular than Apple, Microsoft, PayPal, iTunes and Twitter, according to Alexa Internet. It is the largest streaming portal in the country. The present version from June 2013 has been ranked 63,540 most viewed in Germany since its initial debut.
- Matthews, Laura (June 1, 2013). "Movie2K Down: MPAA Lists Site Among 'Notorious Markets' To Government". International Business Times. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "UK ISPs Block Huge Movie Site Movie2K, Proxy Immediately Unblocks". TorrentFreak. May 20, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Movie2K Down: The Mystery and Possible Reincarnation Revealed". TorrentFreak. May 31, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Matthews, Laura (June 2, 2013). "Movie2K Is Dead, Long Live Movie4K: Changeover In Streaming Movie-Portal Now Complete". International Business Times. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Public Announcement". Movie4k.to. June 2, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Home". Movie4k.to. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Movie2k.to Site Info". Alexa Internet. May 1, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Google Refuses to Index Huge Streaming Movie Portal Homepage". TorrentFreak. February 20, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Movie4k.to Site Info". Alexa Internet. June 2, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.