||This article possibly contains original research. (August 2012)|
Box, inside and outside, to MovieCD edition of The Rutles: All You Need Is Cash
MovieCD was a format for digital video storage and consumer home video playback during the mid to late-1990s, marketed by Sirius Publishing, Inc., and was rendered obsolete by the wider distribution of DVD. It used a video codec called MotionPixels, marketed by MotionPixels, Inc., a subsidiary of Sirius Publishing (founded by Smith and Richard Gnant). It was used in many third-party video games from the mid to late-1990s, and during the same time on Sirius's MovieCDs that it had been originally developed for, enjoying an international distribution in both forms.
Both MovieCDs and the MotionPixels codec remain an issue today in that medium market availability of MovieCD's remained until around the year 2000 and some of the above-mentioned video games still have a cult following, both producing malfunctions in modern PCs due to the outdated MotionPixels codec.[according to whom?]
Origins and development
Specifications and system requirements
The MP codec offered a resolution of 320x236 pixels, 16-bit high color, and 16 frames per second fullscreen playback at a datarate of (in theory) up to about 520kB/sec, without having to install MPEG or acquire additional hardware, on Microsoft Windows systems from Windows 3.x on. Audio was saved in plain WAV format. Its FourCC code was, depending on version, "MVI1" or "MVI2."
For viewing MovieCD's, Sirius recommended a 486 processor or higher, at least 8 MB of RAM, and 2x-speed CD-ROM drives (most MovieCDs had a data rate of about 280-300 kB/sec). These MovieCDs had a running time of about 45 minutes each, so feature films often were stored on two discs in one box, and the consumer had to switch from disc 1 to disc 2 to see the whole movie.
From today's viewpoint, it is interesting to note the MP codec showed no digital compression artifacts common today such as pixelization or block artifacts (a feature that set it apart from VCDs using MPEG-1 while having a comparable resolution). Its output was always RGB, however the viewer could choose between different settings of chroma subsampling for encoding, from RGB through YCrCb 4:2:2 all the way to 16:1:1 which ensured for low datarates at what were high resolutions at the time, while a particularly low chroma subsampling made for a distinctively analogue video look to today's eyes, with spatially (not temporally) smeared colors and sharp luma.
MVI2 was the Windows incarnation of the MotionPixels codec, and always came with its own player, the MotionPixels Movie Player. MVI2 files used the AVI container still popular today. It saw international distribution during the mid- to late-1990s in the form of Sirius's MovieCDs and many third-party video games (such as the Caesar series by Sierra). MVI2 came in two versions:
- aware95.exe: Aware95 was developed for Windows 3.x and Windows 95.
- awarent.exe: Shortly before Sirius went bankrupt in 2000, a beta version of the MP codec was issued for Windows NT and Windows 98.
The catalogue of both TV and feature film programs available on MovieCD's mostly spawned from deals with New Line Home Video, Anchor Bay, Alliance, Trimark, Rhino, and Central Park Media, offering genres such as action, comedy, anime, computer animation and music performance.
Compatibility and issues with modern PCs
All MovieCD's had the MVI2 codec on them ready to install, and most video games with them installed both codec and player without asking the user. Both are still an issue today due to the wide availability of MovieCD's until around 2000 and the cult following some of these games still have. Both versions of the MP codec installing executable for Windows remain available on the web from third-party downloading sites for free manually as well as within codec packs.
The codec's Windows 3.x and 95 version still runs more or less on Windows 98; however the videos often crash as this version of the codec was still a pre-DirectX artifact, even though they can even be played with any other video players on Windows 95 and Windows 98 once the MP codec is installed.
On Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP, MP's NT version awarent.exe is needed. MP videos run stable on these Windows versions, and the codec can even be used to encode own videos into MotionPixels files, however serious other issues arise no matter which version of MVI2 is installed.
As soon as any version of the MotionPixels codec Windows version MVI2 is installed on any post-Win98 Windows OS, any video and audio-editing software on the same system may crash as soon as a codec-choosing dialogue for saving a file is opened. Additionally, players might be unable to read a variety of other audio and video codecs, and a variety of other both software and hardware-related video problems might occur, such as TV-cards ceasing to function.
Running MotionPixels's uninstall routine that only removes the MotionPixels Player, not the codec itself, and not even Windows Control Panel can be used to de-install the MP codec, so the only way to get rid of it and reclaim a working system is to manually delete any single file containing the letters MVI in the Windows registry and the \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32 directory.
List of titles
- Adult StreetSmart
- The Adventures of Mole
- The Adventures of Toad
- Alien Autopsy: Fact or Fiction
- The Art of Nature
- Cabbage Patch Kids: The Clubhouse
- Best of SNL: The Best of Gilda Radner
- Best of SNL: 15th Anniversary Special
- Best of SNL: The Best of Dan Aykroyd
- Best of SNL: The Best of John Belushi
- Best of SNL: Classic Years, Volume 1
- Best of SNL: Classic Years, Volume 2
- Best of SNL: Hosted by Eddie Murphy
- Best of SNL: SNL Goes Commercial
- Betty Boop Cartoons
- Beyond the Mind's Eye
- Burns and Allen
- Cabbage Patch Kids: The New Kid
- Cabbage Patch Kids: The Screen Test
- Cartoon Festival
- Cher, Extravaganza: Live at the Mirage
- Class of Nuke 'em High
- Classic Cartoons
- The Clones of Bruce Lee
- Comedy Capers
- Comedy Greats
- Comic Relief VII
- Computer Animation Festival, Volume 1
- Computer Animation Festival, Volume 2
- Cyber City Oedo 808: Data One
- Dominion: Tank Police
- Don Juan DeMarco
- Dr. Katz, Volume 1
- Dr. Katz, Volume 2
- Dragon Fist
- Dumb & Dumber
- Elvis in Hollywood
- First Blood
- The Gate to the Mind's Eye
- Genocyber, Part 1: Birth of Genocyber
- Ghost in the Shell
- The Grateful Dead, Dead Ahead
- The Grateful Dead, Ticket to New Year's
- Jimi Hendrix, Jimi Plays Monterey
- Jimi Hendrix, Rainbow Bridge
- House Party
- Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday
- The Kids in the Hall
- The Lawnmower Man
- The Lawnmower Man 2: Jobe's War
- Leprechaun 2
- The Little Shop of Horrors
- The Louvre
- Macross Plus, Part 1
- Macross Plus Part 2
- Macross Plus, Part 3
- Macross Plus, Part 4
- Barry Manilow, The Greatest Hits
- The Mask
- Menace II Society
- Military Aircraft Video Report - Volume III, Number 1
- The Mind's Eye
- The Monkees, Volume 1
- The Monkees, Volume 2
- Monterey Pop
- Mortal Kombat
- Mumfie: The Movie
- New Dominion Tank Police
- Night of the Living Dead
- A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master
- Ninja Scroll
- One Step Beyond
- Patrick Stewart Narrates "The Planets"
- The Player
- The Poetry Hall of Fame, Volume 1
- The Poetry Hall, Volume 2
- Poison Ivy
- Politically Incorrect: The Political Domain
- Power Moves
- Pump Up the Volume
- Puppet Master
- Reefer Madness
- Return of the Living Dead 3
- Roswell: Cover Ups & Close Encounters
- Rowan Atkinson Live
- The Rutles: All You Need is Cash
- The Secret Adventures of Tom Thumb
- Sex Madness
- Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
- Time Capsule World War II: Europe/Pacific
- Trancers III
- VH1: Guitar Legends
- VH1: Psychedelic High
- VH1: Rock in the U.K.
- Warlock: The Armageddon
- Wes Craven's New Nightmare
- The Who, The Kids Are Alright
- Richard Bowers, "Motion Pixels Acquires Huygen Codec," Newsbytes News Network, Sept 6, 1995
- StreamCast Executive Team (see entry for Darrell Smith)
- Wickstrom, Andy, "MovieCD builds library and expands distribution," Reed Business Information, July 21, 1997
- Doug Levy, "Staring at the Screen," Arizona Daily Wildcat, September 3, 1997
- http://disneyinteractivestudios.custhelp.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/2480 MP driver removal
- Macross Plus Area Seven - Goods - MovieCD
- Classic Home Toys - Installment #6: What in the world was the Sirius MovieCD?
- A detailed technical description of the MotionPixels codec on MultimediaWiki
- A comparison test of the MotionPixels codec next to contemporaries Cinepak and Indeo 3.2, by Bob Currier, Synthetic Aperture
- Aware NT codec for playback of movieCD AVI files on Windows XP computers.