|Founded||Dothan, Alabama (1985)|
|Defunct||Wilsonville, Oregon (2010)|
|Key people||Wes Sand COO|
|Products||VHS, DVD, Blu-ray and video game rentals and sales|
|Subsidiaries||Hollywood Video, MovieBeam, Reel.com, VHQ|
Movie Gallery, Inc. (former NASDAQ ticker symbol MOVI) was the second largest movie and game rental company in the United States and Canada, behind Blockbuster Video. The company rented and sold Blu-ray Discs, DVDs, VHS tapes, and video games. Founded in Dothan, Alabama, the company was headquartered in Dothan, and later in Wilsonville, Oregon.
On April 30, 2010, Movie Gallery announced it was closing and liquidating all of its stores per a filing of Chapter 7 bankruptcy. At its peak the firm had about 4,700 stores in North America, operating mainly under the Movie Gallery, Hollywood Video, and Game Crazy brands. The last of the company's stores were closed in August 2010.
Movie Gallery was formed in 1985 by Joe Malugen and Harrison Parrish in Dothan, Alabama. Through its wholly owned subsidiary, M.G.A., the company's founders began operating video specialty stores in southern Alabama and the Florida panhandle, and franchising the Movie Gallery store concept. By June 1987 the company owned five stores and had a franchise operation of 45 stores. In 1988, the company began to consolidate the franchisees into company owned stores. By 1992, The company had a total of 37 stores and annual revenues of $6 million.
In August 1994, the company completed an initial public offering of its stock. With the proceeds from this offering, the company began to quickly complete acquisitions of various video chains, primarily in the southeast. In early 1995, the company raised additional public funds and continued the acquisition and development of stores. By the middle of 1996, only 22 months after beginning its aggressive expansion strategy, Movie Gallery had grown to over 850 stores through over 100 separate acquisitions.
In 1999, Movie Gallery announced plans to build 100 new stores. The company completed an 88-store acquisition of Blowout Entertainment in May, and ended the year with more than 950 locations in 31 states. In 2000, Movie Gallery again set its goal at opening 100 new stores and relocating 25. This goal was surpassed.
The company moved forward with its largest single-chain acquisition to date, expanding its base of stores by 30%, in late December 2001. This addition of Video Update stores to the Movie Gallery family launched the company's international presence with 100 retail locations in Canada. Following the completion of the Video Update acquisition, Movie Gallery achieved the 2,000 store mark in 2003.
In 2005, the company completed the largest acquisition to date with the Hollywood Entertainment merger. This combination of companies increased the store total to 4,700 with revenues in excess of $2.5 billion. In addition, Movie Gallery opened 61 new stores in Western Canada with the acquisition of VHQ Entertainment.
MovieBeam was a set top service offered in larger cities in which customers could download movies to a set top box. Most movies expired within 24 hours. The company was originally founded by Disney and other investors as an alternative to online movie downloads. A special set top box had to be purchased by consumers for the service. Most major movie studios provided New Release content to the service. MovieBeam was shut down on December 15, 2007. As of June 2008 Movie Beam was sold to an outside investors group for approximately $2 million as part of the company's restructuring. All in-store kiosks for the service were then removed as well.
Hollywood Video, a subsidiary of Movie Gallery, Inc. operated from Wilsonville, Oregon, as a DVD and video game rental shop chain in the United States. It was started in 1988 by former CEO Mark Wattles and his wife. The chain was the largest direct competitor of Blockbuster Video until it was purchased by Movie Gallery in 2005. Hollywood Video declared bankruptcy in February 2010 and announced that it would shut down three months later.
Purchase of Hollywood Video
Hollywood Video was the target of a hostile takeover attempt, initially announced at the end of December 2004 by competitor Blockbuster Video. In February 2005, Blockbuster announced an exchange offer of $14.50 per share ($11.50 cash and $3.00 in Blockbuster shares).
In order to create a stronger position against the hostile takeover, Hollywood Video agreed to a buyout on Monday, January 10, 2005 by its smaller competitor Movie Gallery. Movie Gallery paid $860 million, $13.25 per share, and the assumption of $380 million in debt. Stocks closed at $13.85 on January 10 after these news. Blockbuster then dropped its purchase plans, citing anti-trust concerns. Movie Gallery completed its purchase of Hollywood Video on April 27, 2005.
The company began having financial difficulties and announced the closure of 520 stores in September 2007. At the time Movie Gallery had about 4,500 locations. The next month, the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Because of these troubles, the stock price dropped below $1 per share and were removed from listing on the NASDAQ stock exchange in November 2007.
An additional 400 stores were scheduled to close during the bankruptcy reorganization. MovieGallery emerged from Chapter 11 in May 2008 and appointed C.J. Gabriel, Jr. as the new chief executive officer. Founder and former CEO Joe Malugen continued to serve on the Movie Gallery Board of Directors until leaving on July 30, 2008. The company relocated its headquarters to Wilsonville, Oregon, (home of the Hollywood Video subsidiary) in late 2008. In January 2009, they closed their Wilsonville distribution center.
Early 2009, Movie Gallery operated about 2,700 Movie Gallery and 1,300 Hollywood Video locations in the United States. Canadian operations include over 200 "Movie Gallery" branded stores, as well as approximately 60 under the VHQ brand in western Canada. In 2009 Movie Gallery closed its Wilsonville, Oregon distribution facility, merging it with one in Nashville, Tennessee.
Movie Gallery's stock fell from $1.25 at close in October 2009 to $.05 a share at close on December 3, 2009, and many locations fell behind on rent. Movie Gallery hired restructuring firm Moelis & Co. on December 15, 2009, giving it a 30-day grace period to renegotiate with lenders and landlords. But it was forced into bankruptcy a second time.
On February 1, 2010 stores received a report stating that about 800 stores were to be shut down. The company hired the law firm of Sonnenschein, Nath & Rosenthal to prepare for a second filing of bankruptcy, and on February 3, 2010, they filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
During a company-wide conference call on April 30, 2010, it was announced that all U.S. Hollywood Video, Movie Gallery, and Game Crazy stores would file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in May 2010. On June 8, 2010, the company's Canadian stores also entered liquidation.
The last US Movie Gallery and Hollywood Video locations closed on July 31, 2010, and the liquidation sale was completed. The remaining Canadian stores closed during the week of August 8. The contents of the company's headquarters were auctioned off in August 2010. The company, prior to Hollywood Video and Game Crazy, presently exists as an online blog.
Movie Gallery originally had its headquarters in Dothan, Alabama. In Dothan the company had 70,000 square feet (6,500 m2) of space in the Porter Square Mall. Later in its life the company's headquarters were in Wilsonville, Oregon.
In 2005 Movie Gallery bought Hollywood Video, gaining Hollywood's office space in Oregon. Movie Gallery operated its Oregon office out of the space, and Hollywood Video, now a subsidiary of Movie Gallery, maintained its headquarters in Wilsonville. In 2007 Movie Gallery filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. In 2008 when the company emerged from Chapter 11, its new upper management had no ties whatsoever to Dothan, Alabama. Joe Malugen, the founder of Movie Gallery, was no longer the CEO; instead C.J. Gabriel, an Idaho resident, was named the CEO. Because of this, Jim Cook of The Enterprise Ledger said "there may be little motivation for keeping the home office" in Dothan. In 2008 the headquarters moved to Wilsonville. The former Porter Square Mall space went up for lease or sale. Movie Gallery kept some central employees in Dothan, and the company said that it would continue to have a "presence" in Dothan. Wendy Culverwell of the Portland Business Journal said that the headquarters move decision was "unusual" because "Most of Hollywood Entertainment’s decision-making authority went to Alabama after the sale to Movie Gallery in 2005."
After the company filed for Chapter 7, Great American Group Inc. held an auction on Tuesday August 17, 2010 at the Wilsonville, Oregon headquarters of Movie Gallery, auctioning away the company's equipment.
- Miller, Brian K. "Listed industrial space in area is now plentiful." Portland Business Journal. Friday October 16, 1998. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- Spector, Mike; Lattman, Peter (May 3, 2010). "Hollywood Video Chain Onwer Movie Gallery to Close Remaining U.S. Stores". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- "Blockbuster Boost: Movie Gallery Goes Dark". TheStreet.com. May 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- McMillan, Dan. "http://portland.bizjournals.com/portland/stories/2005/05/16/focus5.html Hollywood ends run as locally based company." Portland Business Journal. Friday May 13, 2005. 1. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- Halkias, Maria. "Movie Gallery closing stores, which is bittersweet news for Blockbuster." The Dallas Morning News. Tuesday May 4, 2010. Retrieved on September 25, 2010.
- Movie Gallery Inc – Home
- Michael Felberbaum (2010-05-10). "No. 2 rental chain Hollywood Video to close". MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- Press Releases[dead link]
- "Troubled Movie Gallery is closing 520 stores". Portland Business Journal. September 25, 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Movie Gallery Inc. exits bankruptcy". Portland Business Journal on. May 20, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Movie Gallery files for Chapter 11, outlines plans to reorganize". Portland Business Journal. October 16, 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "NASDAQ to remove Movie Gallery on Nov. 19". Portland Business Journal. November 7, 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Movie Gallery closures approach 1,000". Portland Business Journal. February 5, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Founder Malugen out at Movie Gallery". Portland Business Journal. August 4, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Culverwell, Wendy (August 14, 2009). "Movie Gallery quietly moves to Wilsonville". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Wilsonville gains corporate video titan". Wilsonville Spokesman. August 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-22.[dead link]
- "Movie Gallery shuts Wilsonville facility". Portland Business Journal. January 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- Company Profile|Reuters.com
- "Movie Gallery shuts Wilsonville facility." Portland Business Journal. Thursday January 22, 2009. Modified on Friday January 23, 2009. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- "List of Public Companies Worldwide - BusinessWeek - BusinessWeek". Investing.businessweek.com. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- "Technology News, Home Entertainment, 3D, VOD, Gaming - Variety". Videobusiness.com. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- "Technology News, Home Entertainment, 3D, VOD, Gaming - Variety". Videobusiness.com. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- Pardy, Sasha M (2010-02-01). "Updated: Movie Gallery Hires Bankruptcy Attorneys; May Close Another 1,000 Stores - CoStar Group". Costar.com. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- [dead link]
- Gunderson, Laura (August 13, 2010). "Hollywood Entertainment headquarters in Wilsonville to be liquidated on Tuesday". The Oregonian. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- "Contact Us." Movie Gallery. March 24, 2006. Retrieved on September 25, 2010.
- Cook, Jim. "Movie Gallery seeks sequel to early success." The Enterprise Ledger. June 1, 2008. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- Griffin, Lance. "Movie Gallery says it will keep 'presence' in Dothan." The Dothan Eagle. December 10, 2008. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- "Contact Us." Movie Gallery. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
- Culverwell, Wendy. "Movie Gallery quietly moves to Wilsonville." Portland Business Journal. Friday August 14, 2009. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- McMillan, Dan. "Hollywood ends run as locally based company." Portland Business Journal. Friday May 13, 2005. 1. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- Culverwell, Wendy. "Movie Gallery liquidation date set." Portland Business Journal. Friday August 13, 2010. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- Movie Gallery homepage
- Hollywood Video homepage
- Game Crazy homepage
- MovieBeam homepage
- Reel.com homepage