In Ballinspittle, County Cork in July 1985, an observer claimed to have seen a roadside statue of the Virgin Mary move spontaneously. Similar occurrences were reported shortly afterward in Mount Melleray, County Waterford and at around 30 other locations around the country. They were not all Marian apparitions. Some involved other divine figures and/or saints who appeared in stains on church walls etc. Thousands gathered at many of the sites out of curiosity or to gaze in wonder and to pray. Up to 100,000 were said to have visited the Ballinspittle site alone. The Catholic Church remained reticent or highly skeptical and a bishop declared the whole phenomenon 'an illusion'. The Ballinspittle statue was damaged by a gang of hammer-wielding Pentecostalist protesters against idolatry (or mariolatry), but it was repaired. In 2002 the BBC planned a documentary on the phenomenon.
Author John D. Vose set out to see for himself in his book 'The Statues That Moved a Nation'. He interviewed witnesses who told him the most amazing stories of miraculous happenings.
A team of psychologists based in University College Cork recorded 31 apparition sites and explained the visions as being optical illusions caused by staring at objects in the evening twilight. Others have argued that the Moving Statues and other extraordinary, international phenomenon like the "flying-saucer" religions and many other new religious and occult movements are best explained as responses to an existential angst that was exacerbated by the Cold War and other sources of social stress but with ultimate origins in cultural or religious norms, family dynamics, and personal psychology.
One site is about a mile (1.6 km) along the Ballinspittle to Kinsale road. In a ravine the life-sized blue-and white painted plaster statue of a woman stands about 4 metres above the road, fronted by a balustrade of large blue concrete letters reading "The Immaculate Conception". The head of the statue is surrounded by small electric bulbs in the form of a halo. Across the ravine is an unfenced grassy slope with some benches. In front is a blue boilerplate box for donations, secured by two large padlocks.
A printed notice beside the grotto states that its continual upkeep is designed to keep the people of Ballinspittle focused on their veneration of the Virgin Mary, and also to inspire faith in "mere passers by".
Anthropologist Peter Mulholland argues that the continuing role of Marian apparitions in Irish popular culture is a reflection of psychological insecurity stemming largely from adverse childhood experiences and a concatenation of historical, cultural, political, religious and sociological factors.
- "The Miracle at Ballinspittle." Granta 23, Spring 1988
- Mulholland, Peter. (2008) ‘Moving Statues and Concrete Thinking’. Quaderns de l'Institut Català d'Antropologia: sèrie monogràfics 23.
- "BBC to pay homage to the moving statues phenomenon"
- Allen, M. (2000) Ritual, Power and Gender: Explorations in the Ethnography of Vanuatu, Nepal and Ireland, New Delhi: Manohar.
- "The Statues That Moved a Nation - Book"
- Ryan, T. and Jurek Kirakowski (1985) Ballinspittle: Moving Statues and Faith. Cork and Dublin: Mercier Press
- Mulholland, Peter. "Moving Statues Concrete Thinking". Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- Mulholland, Peter, "Marian apparitions, the New Age and the FAS prophet". 53 - 73 in Olivia Cosgrove et al. (eds), Ireland's new religious movements. Cambridge Scholars, 2011