|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|(other Berber peoples, Arabs)|
The Mozabite people are a Berber ethnic group living in M'zab in the northern Sahara. They speak Tumzabt. Most of them are Ibadi Muslims. Most also speak Arabic, though they use the Zenati dialect of the Berber language in everyday life.
According to tradition the Ibadites, after their overthrow at Tiaret by the Fatimites, took refuge during the 10th century in the country to the southwest of Ouargla, where they founded an independent state.
In 1012, owing to further persecutions, they fled to their present location, where they long remained invulnerable.
After the French capture of Laghouat, the Mozabites concluded a convention with them in 1853, whereby they accepted to pay an annual contribution of 1,800 francs in return for their independence. In November 1882 the Mzab country was definitely annexed to French Algeria.
Since the establishment of French control, Beni-Isguen has become the depot for the sale of European goods. The Mozabite engineers built a system of irrigation works that made the oases much more fertile than they used to be.
|Y-Dna||Nb||A/B||E(xE1b1b)||E1b1b1 (M35)||E1b1b1a (M78)||E1b1b1b (M81)||E1b1b1c (M123)||F||K||G||I||J1||J2||R1a||R1b||Other||Study|
|Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup||67||0||4.5%||0||1.5%||86.6%||1.5%||0||0||1.5%||0||1.5%||0||0||3%||0||Dugoujon et al. (2009)|
|mtDna||Nb||Eurasian lineages||sub-Saharan lineages (L)||North African lineages (U6, M1)||Study|
|Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup||85||54.1%||12.9%||33.0%||Coudray et al. (2009)|
- Dugoujon J.M., Coudray C., Torroni A., Cruciani F., Scozzari F., Moral P., Louali N., Kossmann M. The Berber and the Berbers: Genetic and linguistic diversities. In: Become Eloquent. Edited by J.M. Hombert and F. d’Errico. Ed. John Benjamins. pp 123-146; 2009
- The Complex and Diversified Mitochondrial Gene Pool of Berber Populations, Ann Hum Genet. 2009 Mar;73(2):196-214. Epub 2008 Nov 27. PMID: 19053990
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- A. Coyne, Le Mzab (Algiers, 1879); Rinn, Occupation du Mzab (Algiers, 1885)
- Amat, Le M'Zab el les M'Zabites (Paris, 1888)
|This article about an ethnic group in Africa is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|