Mozambican escudo

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Mozambican escudo
Mocambique.jpg
500 Escudos
ISO 4217 code MZE
Central bank Banco Nacional Ultramarino
User(s) Mozambique
Inflation ?%
Subunit
 1/100 Centavo
Symbol ?
Coins 10, 20, 50 centavos, 1, 2½, 5, 10, 20 escudos
Banknotes 50, 100, 500, 1000 escudos
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

The escudo was the currency of Mozambique from 1914 until 1980. It was subdivided into 100 centavos.

History[edit]

The escudo replaced the real at a rate of 1 escudo = 1000 réis. It was equal in value to the Portuguese escudo until 1977. Initially, Mozambique had its own paper money but used Portuguese coins. Only in 1935 were coins issued specifically for use in Mozambique. In 1975, the metica was proposed as a replacement for the escudo, but it was not used. The escudo was replaced by the metical in 1980 at par.

Coins[edit]

Between 1935 and 1936, coins for 10, 20 and 50 centavos, 1, 2½, 5 and 10 escudos, with the 2½, 5 and 10 escudos in silver. In 1952, silver 20 escudos were issued. Between 1968 and 1971, base metal coins replaced the silver 5, 10 and 20 escudos. The last coins were issued in 1974.

Banknotes[edit]

In 1914, provisional issues for 100 and 1000 escudos were introduced, alongside regular issues for 10, 20 and 50 centavos, by the Banco Nacional Ultramarino. Emergency issues of notes for 10, 20 and 50 centavos and 1 and 2½ escudos were introduced in 1920, followed by regular issues for 1, 2½, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 escudos. Emergency issues for 50 centevaos and regular 500 and 1000 escudos notes were introduced in 1941. In 1976, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 escudos notes of the Banco Nacional Ultramarino were overprinted with the name of the new issuing bank, the Banco de Moçambique.

Preceded by:
Mozambican real
Ratio: 1 escudo = 1000 réis
Currency of Mozambique
1914 – 1980
Succeeded by:
Mozambican metical
Ratio: at par