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11 May 1918 |
Mrinalini Sarabhai (born 11 May 1918) is a celebrated Indian classical dancer, choreographer and instructor. She is the founder director of the Darpana Academy of Performing Arts, an institute for imparting training in dance, drama, music and puppetry, in the city of Ahmedabad. She has received many distinguished awards and citations in recognitions of her contribution to art. She has trained over 18,000 students in Bharatnatyam and Kathakali.
Early life and education
Mrinalini was born in Kerala as the daughter of social worker and former parliament member Ammu Swaminathan. She spent her childhood in Switzerland, where, she received her first lessons in the Dalcroze school, a Western technique of dance movements. She was educated at Santiniketan under the guidance of Rabindranath Tagore where she realised her true calling. She then went for a short time to the United States where she enrolled in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. On returning to India, she began her training in the south Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam under Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai and the classical dance-drama of Kathakali under the legendary Guru Thakazhi Kunchu Kurup.
Marriage and the following years
Mrinalini married the Indian physicist Vikram Sarabhai who is considered to be the Father of the Indian Space Program in 1942. She has a son, Kartikeya and a daughter Mallika who too went on to attain fame in dance and theatre. Mrinalini founded Darpana in Ahmedabad in 1948. A year later, she performed at the Théâtre national de Chaillot in Paris where she received a lot of critical acclaim.
Vikram Sarabhai allowed considerable freedom to Mrinalini to develop her own potential. They had a troubled marriage relationship. According to biographer Amrita Shah, Vikram Sarabhai had void in his personal life he sought to fill it by dedicating himself to applying science for social good.
Other areas of contribution
Besides choreographing more than three hundred dance dramas,she has also written many novels, poetry, plays and stories for children. She was the chairperson of the Gujarat State Handicrafts and Handloom Development Corporation Ltd. She is also one of the trustees of the Sarvodaya International Trust, an organisation for promotion of Gandhian ideals, and is also the chairperson of the Nehru Foundation for Development (NFD). Her autobiography is titled Mrinalini Sarabhai: The Voice of the Heart.
Her father, Dr. Swaminathan was a renowned barrister at the Madras High Court and principal of the Madras Law College. Her mother Ammu Swaminathan was a remarkable woman of her times, and a great freedom fighter. Her elder sister Capt. Dr. Lakshmi Sehgal was the commander-in-chief of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's 'Rani of Jhansi Regiment' of the Indian National Army Azad Hind Fauz. Her elder brother, Mr. Govind Swaminathan, was a famous barrister who practised in Madras as a specialist in constitutional and criminal law apart from civil law and company law; he served as the attorney general for the State of Madras (Tamil Nadu) with great distinction.
Mrinalini Sarabhai has been awarded by the Indian government with the national civilian awards Padma Bhushan in 1992 and the Padma Shri in 1965. She was honoured with the Degree of Doctor of Letters, honoris causa (LittD) by the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK in 1997. She was also the first Indian to receive the medal and Diploma of the French Archives Internationales de la Danse. She was nominated to the Executive Committee of the International Dance Council, Paris in 1990 and awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, New Delhi in 1994. She was presented with a gold medal by the Mexican Government for her choreography for the Ballet Folklorico of Mexico.
The Darpana Academy of Performing Arts celebrated its golden jubilee on 28 December 1998, with the announcement of the annual "Mrinalini Sarabhai Award for Classical Excellence", in the field of classical dance.
- Mallika Sarabhai
- Vikram Sarabhai
- List of citizens of Ahmedabad awarded with national civilian honours
- Indian women in dance
- Biography of Mrinalini Sarabhai at the website of Darpana Academy
- Biography at mkgandhi.org
- Mrinalini Sarabhai's Blog
- Download Mrinalini Sarabhai's autobiography from her blog
- Debra Craine and Judith Mackrell (2010). The Oxford Dictionary of Dance. Oxford: University Press. p. 396. ISBN 0199563446.
- Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust (1993). Challenges of the twenty-first century: Conference 1991. Taylor & Francis. p. 375. ISBN 81-224-0488-X.
- "Tradition takes over". Indian Express. 26 December 1998. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "First step, first love". Indian Express. 9 December 2002. Archived from the original on 22 April 2004.
- Vikram Sarabhai: A Life by Amrita Shah, 2007, Penguin Viking ISBN 0-670-99951-2