Mrkonjić Grad

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Mrkonjić Grad
Мркоњић Град
View on Mrkonjić Grad
View on Mrkonjić Grad
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 44°42′N 17°09′E / 44.700°N 17.150°E / 44.700; 17.150
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Divna Aničić (SNSD) [1]
Area
 • Total 677,43 km2 (26,156 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 18,136
 • Density 26,8/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 50
Bočac fortress
Hotel Krajina

Mrkonjić Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Мркоњић Град)[needs Serbian IPA] is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Republika Srpska entity. It is located in the Bosanska Krajina, between Banja Luka and Jajce.

Name[edit]

The city changed its name several times in history: Gornje Kloke, Novo Jajce (Jenidži Jajce), Varcarev Vakuf, Varcar Vakuf, and ultimately the present one. The last renaming took place in 1924 after King Peter I of Serbia, who had taken the nom de guerre 'Mrkonjić' while fighting as a cetnik in the uprising (1875–78) against the Ottoman Empire.

History[edit]

In World War II, the city became renowned by the first meeting of ZAVNOBiH on 25 November 1943, when Bosnia and Herzegovina was proclaimed as a common republic of Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslims/Bosniaks.

During the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995, the city was in Bosnian Serbs hands. On 8-12 October 1995, the Croatian forces (Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia and Croatian Defence Council) took over the municipality of Mrkonjic Grad.

The city is also known for the Mrkonjić Grad incident where the USAF lost one F-16 in June 1995.[2] The pilot of the jet, Scott O'Grady, was stranded in the area for six days before being rescued by US Marines.

After the Dayton peace agreement the city was assigned to the entity of Republika Srpska.[3]

Demographics[edit]

1910[edit]

According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Varcar Vakuf municipality were Serbian Orthodox Christians.

1971[edit]

30,159 total

  • 22,734 Serbs (75.38%)
  • 4,990 Bosniaks (16.55%)
  • 2,204 Croats (7.31%)
  • 98 Yugoslavs (0.32%)
  • 133 others (0.44%)

1981[edit]

29,684 total

  • 23,009 Serbs (77.51%)
  • 3,364 Bosniaks (11.33%)
  • 2,290 Croats (7.71%)
  • 855 Yugoslavs (2.88%)
  • 166 others (0.56%)

1991[edit]

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Mrkonjić Grad had 37,379 residents, including:

  • 33,275 Serbs
  • 1,159 Bosniaks
  • 2,141 Croats
  • 584 Yugoslavs
  • 220 others

Features[edit]

The Balkana lake lies near the town and presents a small, but beautiful tourist resort.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°25′N 17°05′E / 44.417°N 17.083°E / 44.417; 17.083