Mrs. Miniver (film)
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||William Wyler|
|Produced by||Sidney Franklin|
|Based on||Mrs. Miniver
by Jan Struther
|Music by||Herbert Stothart|
|Editing by||Harold F. Kress|
|Running time||134 minutes|
Mrs. Miniver is a 1942 British dramatic film directed by William Wyler, and starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon. Based on the 1940 novel Mrs. Miniver by Jan Struther, the film is about an unassuming British housewife in rural England during World War II who finds herself confronting a German pilot who has parachuted into her idyllic village while her husband is participating in the Dunkirk evacuation. Produced and distributed by MGM, the film features a strong supporting cast that includes Teresa Wright, Dame May Whitty, Reginald Owen, Henry Travers, Richard Ney, and Henry Wilcoxon.
Mrs. Miniver won six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director (William Wyler), Best Actress (Greer Garson), and Best Supporting Actress (Teresa Wright). In 1950, a film sequel The Miniver Story was made with Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon reprising their roles. In 2006, the film was ranked number 40 on the American Film Institute's list celebrating the most inspirational films of all time. In 2009, the film was named to the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant and will be preserved for all time.
Mrs. Kay Miniver (Greer Garson) and her family live a comfortable life at a house called "Starlings" in a village outside London. The house has a large garden, with a private landing stage on the river Thames, and a motorboat. Her husband Clem (Walter Pidgeon) is a successful architect. They have three children: the youngsters Toby and Judy (Christopher Severn and Clare Sandars), and an older son Vin (Richard Ney) at university. They have live-in staff: Gladys the housemaid (Brenda Forbes) and Ada the cook (Marie De Becker).
As World War II looms, Vin comes down from university and meets Carol Beldon (Teresa Wright), granddaughter of Lady Beldon (Dame May Whitty) from nearby Beldon Hall. Despite initial disagreements—mainly contrasting Vin's idealistic attitude to class differences with Carol's practical altruism—they fall in love. Vin proposes to Carol after a yacht club dinner-dance .As the war comes closer to home, Vin feels he must "do his bit" and enlists in the Royal Air Force, qualifying as a fighter pilot. He is posted to a base near to his parents' home. Together with other boat owners, Clem volunteers to take his motorboat to assist in the Dunkirk evacuation.
One morning, Kay hears a plane crash nearby. The wounded, fanatical German pilot (Helmut Dantine) hides in her garden and then holds her at gunpoint. She feeds him, calmly disarms him, and then calls the police. Soon after, Clem comes home.
Lady Beldon meets with Kay to try and convince her to talk Vin out of marrying Carol. Lady Beldon is unsuccessful, and admits defeat when it occurs to her that there is nothing she can do to stop it. Later, Kay and her family hide in a their bomb shelter in the garden during an air raid, and attempt to keep their minds off the bombing by reading Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, which Clem refers to as a "lovely story" as they narrowly survive a bomb fall. After, parts of the house have been destroyed, and Vin comes home.
At the flower show's competition, the entry of the local stationmaster Mr. Ballard (Henry Travers) named the "Mrs. Miniver" rose is declared the winner over Lady Beldon's rose. Afterward, Kay and Carol drive Vin to join his squadron just as an air attack begins. On their return home, Kay stops the car; Carol is wounded in an attack from a German plane. She dies a few minutes after they reach home. Kay is devastated. When Vin returns from battle, he is told the terrible news.
The local inhabitants assemble at the badly damaged church where their vicar (Henry Wilcoxon) affirms their determination in a powerful sermon:
We in this quiet corner of England have suffered the loss of friends very dear to us, some close to this church. George West, choirboy. James Ballard, stationmaster and bellringer, and the proud winner only an hour before his death of the Beldon Cup for his beautiful Miniver Rose. And our hearts go out in sympathy to the two families who share the cruel loss of a young girl who was married at this altar only two weeks ago. The homes of many of us have been destroyed, and the lives of young and old have been taken. There's scarcely a household that hasn't been struck to the heart. And why? Surely you must have asked yourselves this question? Why in all conscience should these be the ones to suffer? Children, old people, a young girl at the height of her loveliness? Why these? Are these our soldiers? Are these our fighters? Why should they be sacrificed?
I shall tell you why. Because this is not only a war of soldiers in uniform. It is the war of the people, of all the people. And it must be fought not only on the battlefield but in the cities and in the villages, in the factories and on the farms, in the home and in the heart of every man, woman and child who loves freedom. Well, we have buried our dead, but we shall not forget them. Instead they will inspire us with an unbreakable determination to free ourselves, and those who come after us, from the tyranny and terror that threaten to strike us down. This is the People's War. It is our war. We are the fighters. Fight it then. Fight it with all that is in us. And may God defend the right.
Vin then moves over to Mrs. Beldon and stands with her as the congregation stand in unity and sing "Onward, Christian Soldiers" at the top of their voices, while through a gaping hole in the bombed-out roof in the sky above can be seen flight after flight of RAF fighters in the V-for-Victory formation heading out to face the enemy.
- Soon after playing Greer Garson's son in the film, Richard Ney married Garson, who was 11 years his senior.
The film went into pre-production in the autumn of 1940, when the United States was still a neutral country. The script was written over many months, and during that time the USA moved closer to war. As a result, scenes were re-written to reflect the increasingly pro-British and anti-German outlook of Americans. The scene in which Mrs. Miniver confronts a downed German flyer in her garden, for example, was made more and more confrontational with each new version of the script. It was initially filmed before the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor brought the USA into the war, but following the attack, the scene was filmed again to reflect the tough, new spirit of a nation at war. The key difference was that in the new version of the scene, filmed in February 1942, Mrs Miniver was allowed to slap the flyer across the face. The film was released 4 months later.
Wilcoxon and director William Wyler "wrote and re-wrote" the key sermon the night before the sequence was to be shot. The speech "made such an impact that it was used in essence by President Roosevelt as a morale builder and part of it was the basis for leaflets printed in various languages and dropped over enemy and occupied territory." Roosevelt ordered it rushed to the theaters for propaganda purposes.
There is a parallel story concerning the Dunkirk evacuation. Sub-Lieut. Robert Owen Wilcoxon of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, only brother of Henry Wilcoxon, assisted in the Dunkirk evacuation on May 29, 1940; but, having helped to get hundreds of Allied troops off the beach to safety in his assault landing craft, he was fatally injured when, after returning to the sloop HMS Bideford to arrange a tow back to Dover, the ship had its stern blown off by a bomb dropped from a dive-bombing German aircraft. This must have been on Wilcoxon's mind during the making of the film. An interesting footnote on the production was provided by Air Vice-Marshal Sandy Johnstone, CB,DFC in his book, ENEMY IN THE SKY. While in command of 602 Squadron in 1941 (after he fought in the Battle of Britain), he and his squadron pilots provided the Spitfire flying sequences for Twentieth Century Fox to be used in this movie, Mrs. Miniver. Reference details found under Epilogue-1975, ENEMY IN THE SKY, copyright 1976.
In 2006, the film was ranked number 40 on the American Film Institute's list celebrating the most inspirational films of all time. In 2009, Mrs. Miniver was named to the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant and will be preserved for all time. The film was selected for the following reasons:
This remarkably touching wartime melodrama pictorializes the classic British stiff upper lip and the courage of a middle-class English family (headed by Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon) amid the chaos of air raids and family loss. The film's iconic tribute to the sacrifices on the home front, as movingly directed by William Wyler, did much to rally America’s support for its British allies.
The film exceeded all expectations, grossing $5,358,000 in North America (the highest for any MGM film at the time) and $3,520,000 abroad. In the United Kingdom, it was named the top box office attraction of 1942. Of the 592 film critics polled by American magazine Film Daily, 555 named it the best film of 1942.
Awards and nominations
Mrs. Miniver won six Academy Awards in 1943.
Sequel and adaptations
- In 1943, the film was adapted into an episode of the Lux Radio Theater. That episode in turn was popular enough to inspire a 5 day a week serial, starring radio veteran Trudy Warner on CBS.
- In 1950, a film sequel The Miniver Story was made with Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon reprising their roles.
- In 1960, a 90-minutes television adaptation directed by Marc Daniels was broadcast on CBS, with Maureen O'Hara as Mrs. Miniver and Leo Genn as Clem Miniver.
- Greer Garson's Academy Award acceptance speech was the longest of all time, taking five-and-a-half minutes to finish. A 45-second time limit was imposed on acceptance speeches shortly thereafter.
- Struther, Jan (1940). Mrs. Miniver. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company. ASIN B000O9ZBGA.
- "Mrs. Miniver (1942)". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "Awards for Mrs. Miniver". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "Mr. Miniver (1942)". Reel Classics. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "News from the Library of Congress". Library of Congress. December 30, 2009. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Glancy, Mark (1999). When Hollywood Loved Britain: The Hollywood 'British' Film, 1939-45. Manchester: Manchester University Press. pp. 147–148. ISBN 978-0719048531.
- Daynard, Don Henry Wilcoxon in Peter Harris (ed.) The New Captain George's Whizzbang #13 (1971), p. 5
- Yellin, Emily (2005). Our Mothers' War. New York: Free Press. pp. 99–100. ISBN 978-0743245166.
- Gardner, W. J. R.(ed.), The Evacuation from Dunkirk, 'Operation Dynamo', 26 May-4 June 1940, Frank Cass, London, 2000 ISBN 0-7146-5120-6.
- Glancy 1999, p. 154.
- "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". Oscars. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- "Jan Struther Bibliography". October 20, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mrs. Miniver (film)|
- Mrs. Miniver at the Internet Movie Database
- Mrs. Miniver at AllRovi
- Mrs. Miniver at the TCM Movie Database
- Mrs. Miniver at Rotten Tomatoes
- "Where Is Today's Mrs. Miniver?". Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- "Mrs. Miniver Opening Scenes". Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "Mrs. Miniver and the German Soldier". Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "The full Cast of Mrs. Miniver". Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- "Mrs. Miniver Script transcript". Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- Mrs. Miniver on Lux Radio Theater: December 6, 1943
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