Mru is a Tibeto-Burman language and one of the recognized languages of Bangladesh. It is spoken by a community of Mros (Mru) inhabiting the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh and also in Burma with a population of 22,000 in Bangladesh according to the 1991 census. The Mros are the second-largest tribal group in Bandarban District of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. A small group of Mros also live in Rangamati Hill District.
It is one of the Tibeto-Burman languages that is difficult to classify and has marginal affiliations with Burmic. Mru and Meithei in India, Bangladesh, and Burma, would appear close to the Kukish languages. However, although once classified as Kukish, the Mru language is thought to be closer to Lolo–Burmese.
There are five major Mro clans (Rashel 2009).
- Ganaroo Gnar
Rashel (2009) also lists another classification scheme which lists ten Mro clans.
- Yarua (subdivisions below)
Rashel (2009:159) lists the following Mro numerals.
- Mru at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mruic". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mru". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- UNESCO, "Bangladesh: Some endangered languages (information from Ethonologue, UNESCO)", June 2010.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, Article: Sino-Tibetan Languages
- Peiros, Ilia. 1997. "Lolo–Burmese linguistic archaeology." Mon–Khmer Studies 27: 233-48. (Mon–Khmer Studies Journal website)
- Peterson, David A., "Where does Mru fit into Tibeto-Burman?", The 42nd International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics (ICSTLL 42), November 2009, Payap University, Chiangmai, Thailand. Cf. p. 14.
- Rashel, Md Mostafa (2009). "Morphosyntactic Analysis of Mro Language." Dhaka University Journal of Linguistics, Vol, 2, No, 3, February 2009, 141-160.
- Clifton, John M. 2009. "Orthography development as an ongoing collaborative process: lessons from Bangladesh". 1st International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation (ICLDC)
- Mru word list (Luce 1985)
- Mru word list (Matisoff 1987)