Mount Matavanu

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Matavanu
Volcano,Savaii.(.Photographer’s.Title).Andrew.Thomas 1906.jpg
Matavanu erupting, 1906
Elevation 575 m (1,886 ft)[1]
Location
Matavanu is located in Samoa
Matavanu
Matavanu
Location in Samoa
Location Savai'i Island in Samoa
Coordinates 13°32′S 172°24′W / 13.533°S 172.400°W / -13.533; -172.400Coordinates: 13°32′S 172°24′W / 13.533°S 172.400°W / -13.533; -172.400
Geology
Last eruption 1905 - 1911

Mt Matavanu is an active volcano on the island of Savai'i in Samoa.

The most recent eruptions from Matavanu occurred between 1905 - 1911[2] with lava flows on its northern side flowing towards the island's coastline and into the sea in the district of Gaga'emauga.

The eruptions began 4 August 1905 and stopped in November 1911.[3] The lava flowed over 40 square miles (100 km2) of countryside to the lagoon and reef, destroying villages in its path between Samalae'ulu to the east and Saleaula to the west. The depth of the lava flow in some parts was 400 feet.

Due to the destruction of their homes by the seaside, some of the villages relocated further inland by the main island road.

The lava fields can still be seen today, especially in Saleaula as well as the picturesque village of Mauga where the houses or fale are situated around a small volcanic crater.[4]

There are church ruins as well a 'Virgin's Grave', the burial place of a girl where the molten lava flowed around rather than over it.[5]

Other volcanoes on Savai'i include Mata o le Afi and Mauga Afi.

The island of Savai'i is an active shield volcano. Its highest peak is Mt Silisili.

Mythology[edit]

In Samoan mythology the god of earthquakes is Mafui'e. Another mythical figure Ti'iti'i tricked the earthquake god so that Samoans could have fire to cook their food.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mt Matavanu, Samoa". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2014-04-28.
  2. ^ "Samoa - Savai'i". Oceandots.com. 2002-06-16. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  3. ^ "Savai'i". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  4. ^ "Samoa Tourism Authority : Map". Samoa.travel. 2000-10-30. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  5. ^ "Lava Field". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2014-04-12.