Minthostachys mollis

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Minthostachys mollis
Muña.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Minthostachys
Species: M. mollis
Binomial name
Minthostachys mollis
(Kunth) Griseb.

Minthostachys mollis (muña) is a medicinal plant restricted to the South American Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia. It is the most variable and widely distributed species of the genus Minthostachys. It is also known by the names of tipo, tipollo, or poleo.[1]

Medicinal uses[edit]

In the indigenous medicine traditions of the Andes, the plant is made into tea and used medicinally as a carminative and aphrodisiac.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

Its common name "muña" comes from Quechua.

Chemical characteristics[edit]

The principal components of essential oil are as follows:

In the flowering tops 19 compounds were identified in the essential oil, predominantly 29% neomenthol, 24% menthone, 20% menthol, and 8% piperitone.[1]

Pharmacological characteristics[edit]

Internal External
Digestive aid Rheumatic pain relief
Antispasmodic (cramp and spasm relief) Expelling activity against ectoparasites
Antidiarrheal (symptomatic relief for diarrhea)
Anthelmintic (expelling parasitic worms)
Carminative (against cramps in the digestive tract)
Emmenagogue (stimulating blood flow in the pelvic area
and uterus, thus sometimes stimulating menstruation)
Inhalations against catarrh and sinusitis

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alkire, Ben (1994). "Tipo,minthostachys mollis (lamiaceae): an ecuadorian mint". Economic Botany 48 (1): 60–64. doi:10.1007/BF02901380. 

References[edit]