Muş

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Not to be confused with Mush or Moosh.
Muş
Municipality
Muş is located in Turkey
Muş
Muş
Coordinates: 38°44′00″N 41°29′28″E / 38.73333°N 41.49111°E / 38.73333; 41.49111Coordinates: 38°44′00″N 41°29′28″E / 38.73333°N 41.49111°E / 38.73333; 41.49111
Country Turkey
Province Muş
Government
 • Mayor Feyat Asya (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 2,604.14 km2 (1,005.46 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 81,764
 • District 179,534
 • District density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Website www.mus.bel.tr

Muş (pronounced [muʃ], Armenian: Մուշ, Kurdish: Mûş) is a historically Armenian town in the provincial capital of Muş Province in Turkey. Population of the municipality of Muş numbers 72,774 (2009 estimates)[3] The mayor is Feyat Asya (AKP). The symbol of the town is the local "Muş" tulip. There are a few ancient remnants including a few citadels, mosques and the Arslanli Han Caravanserai.

Muş has been ruled by Median, Persian, Armenian, Byzantine, Abbasid, Seljuk and Ottoman empires. The town was found in Araratian Kingdom (known also as Urartu).[citation needed] During the Middle Ages it was the chief town of Armenia's Taron province. It is considered one of the early centers of the Armenian civilization and housed ancient Armenian churches until the 1960s. The town was the seat of a diocese of both the Armenian Apostolic as well as the Armenian Catholic Churches.

After the 11th century the town was ruled by Islamic dynasties till the Ottomans took control over the town and region in the 16th century. Under the rule of the Muslim dynasties, other type of buildings were built as well. There are mosques from the Ottoman and pre-Ottoman period which show influences of Seljuk architecture. Mosques like the Alaeddin Pasa (18th century), Haci Seref (12th century), and Ulu Mosque (14th century). Caravanserais like the "Yıldızlı Han" (13th century) destroyed in 1916, the now almost completely ruined "Arslanli Han" and also bathhouse and fountain of Alaeddin Bey and tombs of Muslim saints.

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913) the town had 27,000 inhabitants, of whom 13,300 were Muslims and 13,700 Armenians. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) the population was nearly equally divide between Kurds and Armenians. In May 1915, virtually the entirety of Mus' Armenian population, some 15,000 people, was massacred as part of the Armenian genocide.[4] The town was occupied during World War I by Russia in 1916 and retaken by Turkish troops on 30 April 1917. Today the city is populated by citizens of Turkmen, Kurdish and Arab origins, the majority being Sunni Muslim Kurds.

Climate[edit]

Muş has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa) with freezing, snowy winters and hot, very dry, and very sunny summers.

Climate data for Muş (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
15.0
(59)
22.8
(73)
30.0
(86)
31.2
(88.2)
37.4
(99.3)
41.6
(106.9)
41.2
(106.2)
37.0
(98.6)
30.6
(87.1)
21.6
(70.9)
16.0
(60.8)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.5
(41.9)
14.4
(57.9)
21.1
(70)
27.3
(81.1)
32.8
(91)
32.9
(91.2)
28.2
(82.8)
19.8
(67.6)
9.7
(49.5)
0.9
(33.6)
15.66
(60.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.7
(33.3)
9.0
(48.2)
14.9
(58.8)
20.3
(68.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
20.1
(68.2)
12.6
(54.7)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.8
(27)
9.7
(49.47)
Average low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−10.1
(13.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.0
(39.2)
8.6
(47.5)
12.5
(54.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
12.0
(53.6)
6.6
(43.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
3.89
(39)
Record low °C (°F) −32.6
(−26.7)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.2
(36)
3.6
(38.5)
8.0
(46.4)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 84.8
(3.339)
100.4
(3.953)
101.7
(4.004)
106.9
(4.209)
67.1
(2.642)
26.3
(1.035)
6.2
(0.244)
3.8
(0.15)
13.2
(0.52)
62.5
(2.461)
90.9
(3.579)
89.0
(3.504)
752.8
(29.64)
Avg. precipitation days 13.2 12.3 13.7 14.5 13.6 6.3 2.0 1.5 3.0 9.0 10.0 12.5 111.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 65.1 86.8 148.8 198 285.2 354 387.5 372 315 226.3 129 65.1 2,632.8
Percent possible sunshine 21 29 40 50 64 80 86 88 84 65 43 22 59
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [5]

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Adrese Dayalı Nüfus Kayıt Sistemi (ADNKS) Sonuçları
  4. ^ Christopher de Bellaigue (4 March 2010). Rebel Land: Unraveling the Riddle of History in a Turkish Town. Penguin Group US. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-101-19627-4. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  5. ^ İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü. Dmi.gov.tr. Retrieved on 2011-04-16.