Muş

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Not to be confused with Mush or Moosh.
Muş
Municipality
Muş is located in Turkey
Muş
Muş
Coordinates: 38°44′00″N 41°29′28″E / 38.73333°N 41.49111°E / 38.73333; 41.49111Coordinates: 38°44′00″N 41°29′28″E / 38.73333°N 41.49111°E / 38.73333; 41.49111
Country Turkey
Province Muş
Government
 • Mayor Feyat Asya (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 2,604.14 km2 (1,005.46 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 81,764
 • District 179,534
 • District density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Website www.mus.bel.tr

Muş (pronounced [muʃ], Armenian: Մուշ, Kurdish: Mûş) is a historically Armenian town in the provincial capital of Muş Province in Turkey. Population of the municipality of Muş numbers 72,774 (2009 estimates)[3] The mayor is Feyat Asya (AKP).

The town was found in Araratian Kingdom (known also as Urartu).[citation needed] During the Middle Ages it was the chief town of Armenia's Taron province. Today the city is populated by citizens of Turkmen, Kurdish and Arab origins, the majority being Sunni Muslim Kurds. There are a few ancient remnants including a few citadels and the Aslanhane Caravanserai.

It is considered one of the early centers of the Armenian civilization and housed ancient Armenian churches until the 1960s. The town was the seat of a diocese of both the Armenian Apostolic as well as the Armenian Catholic Churches. In May 1915, virtually the entirety of Mus' Armenian population, some 15,000 people, was massacred as part of the Armenian genocide.[4]

There are mosques from the Seljuk period, like the Alaeddin Pasa, Haci Seref, and Ulu Mosques.

Muş has been ruled by Median, Persian, Armenian, Byzantine, Abbasid, Seljuk and Ottoman empires.

Climate[edit]

Muş has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa) with freezing, snowy winters and hot and very dry summers.

Climate data for Muş (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
15.0
(59)
22.8
(73)
30.0
(86)
31.2
(88.2)
37.4
(99.3)
41.6
(106.9)
41.2
(106.2)
37.0
(98.6)
30.6
(87.1)
21.6
(70.9)
16.0
(60.8)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.5
(41.9)
14.4
(57.9)
21.1
(70)
27.3
(81.1)
32.8
(91)
32.9
(91.2)
28.2
(82.8)
19.8
(67.6)
9.7
(49.5)
0.9
(33.6)
15.66
(60.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.7
(33.3)
9.0
(48.2)
14.9
(58.8)
20.3
(68.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
20.1
(68.2)
12.6
(54.7)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.8
(27)
9.7
(49.47)
Average low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−10.1
(13.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.0
(39.2)
8.6
(47.5)
12.5
(54.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
12.0
(53.6)
6.6
(43.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
3.89
(39)
Record low °C (°F) −32.6
(−26.7)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.2
(36)
3.6
(38.5)
8.0
(46.4)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 84.8
(3.339)
100.4
(3.953)
101.7
(4.004)
106.9
(4.209)
67.1
(2.642)
26.3
(1.035)
6.2
(0.244)
3.8
(0.15)
13.2
(0.52)
62.5
(2.461)
90.9
(3.579)
89.0
(3.504)
752.8
(29.64)
Avg. precipitation days 13.2 12.3 13.7 14.5 13.6 6.3 2.0 1.5 3.0 9.0 10.0 12.5 111.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 65.1 86.8 148.8 198 285.2 354 387.5 372 315 226.3 129 65.1 2,632.8
Percent possible sunshine 21 29 40 50 64 80 86 88 84 65 43 22 59
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [5]

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Adrese Dayalı Nüfus Kayıt Sistemi (ADNKS) Sonuçları
  4. ^ Christopher de Bellaigue (4 March 2010). Rebel Land: Unraveling the Riddle of History in a Turkish Town. Penguin Group US. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-101-19627-4. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  5. ^ İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü. Dmi.gov.tr. Retrieved on 2011-04-16.