Muborak

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Muborak
Muborak/Муборак
City
Muborak is located in Uzbekistan
Muborak
Muborak
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 39°15′36″N 65°09′00″E / 39.26000°N 65.15000°E / 39.26000; 65.15000Coordinates: 39°15′36″N 65°09′00″E / 39.26000°N 65.15000°E / 39.26000; 65.15000
Country Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Province Qashqadaryo Province
District Muborak District
City status 1974
Population (2002)
 • Total 23,800
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+5)
Postal code 180900[1]
Area code(s) +998 7567[1]

Muborak (sometimes spelled Mubarek in English) (Uzbek: Muborak/Муборак; Russian: Мубарек) is a small city located in Qashqadaryo Province of Uzbekistan. The city is the administrative center of Muborak District.

Muborak originally arose in connection with an oil refinery. It received the status of a city in 1974. The word muborak means "gracious" in Uzbek.

Muborak is currently an important oil and gas city in independent Uzbekistan. It is home to the Muborak Gas Processing Plant, one of the largest of its type in the country. The city is also known for its football team Mashʼal.

History[edit]

According to a local legend, Muborak got its name from the name of the village of Xoʻjamuborak which had been created in honor of the Islamic scholar Abdullah bin al-Mubarak al-Marwazi.[2] The word muborak means "gracious" in Uzbek.[3]

Muborak originally arose in connection with an oil refinery.[4] It was made into a city in 1974.[5]

Geography[edit]

By road Muborak is 520 kilometres (320 mi) southwest of Tashkent.[6]

Climate[edit]

Muborak has mild winters, but very hot and dry summers. The average June temperature is about 28 °C (82 °F). The mean temperature in January is around 5.5 °C (41.9 °F).

Climate data for Muborak
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C 9 12 18 26 32 37 38 37 32 25 17 10 24.4
Average low °C −2 1 5 11 15 19 21 18 12 7 3 0 9.2
Average precipitation mm 18.2 17.1 26.1 18.1 18.3 3.8 23.2 0.6 1.2 2.4 27.5 27.3 183.8
Average high °F 48 54 64 79 90 99 100 99 90 77 63 50 76.1
Average low °F 28 34 41 52 59 66 70 64 54 45 37 32 48.5
Average precipitation inches 0.717 0.673 1.028 0.713 0.72 0.15 0.913 0.024 0.047 0.094 1.083 1.075 7.237
Source: [7]

Demographics[edit]

Muborak had a population of 23,800 in 2002.[2] Representatives of many ethnic groups can be found in the town.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 3,814 —    
2002 23,800 +524.0%
Source: [8][2]

Economy[edit]

Muborak was not heavily industrialized during Soviet times: it was a small town specializing in animal husbandry.[8] It has become a notable industrial city in independent Uzbekistan. Currently, it has a large oil and gas industry.[9] The town is home to the Muborak Gas Processing Plant, one of the largest of its type in the country.[10]

Education[edit]

Muborak is home to three colleges and one vocational school.[2] There are also several secondary schools in the city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mubarek". SPR (in Russian). Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Muborak". Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). Toshkent: Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi. 2005. 
  3. ^ "Mubarek" (in Russian). Akademik. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Muborak City" (in Russian). Goroda.uz. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Muborak". Ensiklopedik lugʻat (in Uzbek) 1. Toshkent: Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi. 1988. p. 542. 5-89890-002-0. 
  6. ^ "Mubarek". Google Maps. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Average high/low temperature for Mubarek, Uzbekistan". World Weather Online. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Moʻminov, Ibrohim, ed. (1976). "Muborak". Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek) 7. Toshkent. p. 400. 
  9. ^ "Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Uzbekistan on Uzbekneftgaz". Lex.uz (in Uzbek). Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  10. ^ Umarov, Oʻktam (2005). "Muborak gazni qayta ishlash zavodi". Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). Toshkent: Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi.