The Aussa Sultanate (Afar Sultanate) succeeded the earlier Imamate of Aussa. The latter polity had come into existence in 1577, when Muhammed Jasa moved his capital from Harar to Aussa with the split of the Adal Sultanate into Aussa and the Harari city-state. At some point after 1672, Aussa declined and temporarily came to an end in conjunction with Imam Umar Din bin Adam's recorded ascension to the throne. The Sultanate was subsequently re-established by Kadhafo around the year 1734, and was thereafter ruled by his Mudaito Dynasty. The primary symbol of the Sultan was a silver baton, which was considered to have magical properties.
The following is a list of the Mudaito Dynasty rulers (Amoyta).
|Kadhafo Mahammad ibn Kadhafo||1749||1779|
|Aydahis ibn Kadhafo Mahammad||1779||1801|
|"Asa" Aydahis ibn Mahammad ibn Aydahis
|Hanfere ibn Aydahis
|Mahammad "Illalta" ibn Hanfere
||1862||1902||Sultanate incorporated into Ethiopia in 1902|
|Mahammad ibn Aydahis ibn Hanfere
||1902||c. 1910||Starting from 1902, the governorship of Mahammad ibn Aydahis was challenged by his cousins, the nine sons of his direct predecessor, Aydahis, Alimirah, Kadhafo, Hanfadhe, Alo and Yayyo (the later sultan)|
|Yayyo ibn Mahammad ibn Hanfere
|Ali Mirah Hanfere
||1945||1975||Exiled in 1975|
|Ali Mirah Hanfere||1991||2011||Returned from exile in 1991|
|Hanfere Ali Mirah Hanfere||2011||incumbent|
- Abir, p. 23 n.1.
- Abir, pp. 23-26.
- Trimingham, p. 262.
- Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 1, article on Afar literature
- Didier Morin, Dictionnaire historique des Afar, 2003