New South Wales
View of central shopping area, showing War Memorial Clock Tower
|Population||9,830 (2011) (2011)|
|Elevation||454 m (1,490 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Mid-Western Regional Council|
Mudgee // is a town in the central west of New South Wales, Australia. It is in the broad fertile Cudgegong River valley 261 kilometres north-west of Sydney. Mudgee is at the centre of the Mid-Western Regional Council local government area. At the 2011 census, Mudgee had a population of 9,830 people.
The Mudgee district is well known for its fine wine. Mudgee has developed as a wine producing region and is a popular destination for tourists, who visit the forty wineries operating in the Mudgee district. Further tourist attractions include the festivals, tours, and markets in the area. Mudgee's hospitality sector has many bed & breakfast establishments,[clarification needed] cafés, and restaurants.
The Ulan coal mines are in the district. During the 19th century, the area was a major goldmining area and the district also produces marble, pottery clays, shale and dolomite. These mines have further potential to expand in the region. The tourism industry is also a growing industry based largely on the wineries. A laboratory was established in 1987 to test meat for pesticide residues.
Settlement to 1850
The name Mudgee is derived from the Wiradjuri term Moothi meaning "Nest in the Hills" or "mou-gee" meaning "contented". James Blackman was the first European settler to cross the Cudgegong River in 1821 followed quickly by Lieutenant William Lawson who was then commandant of Bathurst. Lawson would later take up 6,000 acres (24 km²) in the area.
George and Henry Cox, sons of William Cox, were the first settlers on the Cudgegong River when they established the Menah run, 3 kilometres north of the current town. The European settlers were soon in conflict with the Wiradjuri over a range of issues including killing of livestock and animals such as kangaroos and possums which were major food sources for the Wiradjuri. Martial law was declared in 1824 leading to the killing of a large number of the Wiradjuri people.
While the site of Mudgee was surveyed for a village in 1823, Menah was the original settlement having a police station and a lock up by 1833. Robert Hoddle designed the village which was gazetted in 1838. John Blackman built a slab hut, the first dwelling in Mudgee and its general store. By 1841, there were 36 dwellings, three hotels, a hospital, a post office, two stores and an Anglican church. The police station moved from Menah in the mid-1840s while an Anglican school was established in that decade as well.
1850 to present
In 1851, the population of Mudgee was 200. However, the population exploded as the discovery of gold in nearby Hargraves by Edward Hargraves led to a gold rush in New South Wales. While no gold was found in Mudgee itself, the town prospered as gold was discovered in nearby towns such as Gulgong, Hill End and Windeyer, New South Wales temporarily reached populations of 20,000. Mudgee was a centre for the local goldfields and grew rapidly as a result.
Mudgee was declared as a municipality in 1860 making it the second oldest municipality west of the Great Dividing Range with a population of 1500 in 1861. A public school was built in the 1850s together with the present Catholic and Anglican churches and a Methodist and Presbyterian church. A new police station, courthouse, Mechanics' Institute and a town hall were built in the 1860s. There were four coach factories operating in Mudgee to cater for the demand of the nearby goldfields. The National Trust of Australia has a number of these buildings registered including the Mudgee Museum (formerly the Colonial Inn), the Catholic presbytery, the court house, the police station and the Anglican Church. On 1 June 1861 the Electric Telegraph system arrived and was opened for messages to be transmitted and received at the Telegraph office.
One of the gold miners attracted to the Mudgee district was Niels Peter Larsen who married Louisa Albury in Mudgee in 1866. They had a child, leading Australian poet Henry Lawson in Grenfell in 1867 and changed their names to Peter and Louisa Lawson. By the birth of their third child, they moved to a selection at Pipeclay (now Eurunderee) 8 km north of Mudgee. Louisa Lawson's vigorous lobbying led to the establishment of the slab-and-bark Eurunderee Public School in 1876 with Henry Lawson attending the school for the first time aged nine. He would later write about the school in his poem "The Old Bark School". Lawson would later attend St. Matthews Central School, Mudgee before his progressively worsening deafness leading to him leaving school at the age of 14. Lawson would live in the Mudgee district until the age of 15 and many of his stories were written about the district.
As the gold mines petered out in the latter half of the 19th century, Mudgee was sustained by the strength of its wool industry as well as the nascent wine industry established by a German immigrant, Adam Roth, in the 1850s. The opening of the railway extension from Rylstone to Mudgee occurred on 10 September 1884. The railway boosted the town's agricultural industries. The railway between Rylstone and Mudgee closed on 2 March 1992. This same railway section re-opened eight years later, on 2 September 2000. The Wallaby Track Drive Tour visits various sites associated with Lawson including the old Eurundee Public School, the Henry Lawson memorial, the Budgee Budgee Inn, Sapling Gully, Golden Gully and the Albury Pub which was owned by Lawson's grandfather.
- Havilah Property 1870, and Chapel, 1905
- Burrundulla, circa 1865
- Railway Station, designed by John Whitton, 1884
- St Mary's Catholic Church, attributed to Edward Gell, 1857
- Post Office, designed by Colonial Architect Alexander Dawson, 1860
- Police Station and Stables, circa 1860
- Court House, 1861
- Public School
- St Mary's Catholic Church
- St John's Anglican Church
- Mudgee Uniting Church
- St Paul's Presbyterian Church
- Frontline Assemblies of God
- Salvation Army
- Seventh Day Adventist Church
- Mudgee Baptist Church 
Schools and colleges
- Mudgee High School
- St Matthews Catholic School
- Mudgee Public School
- Cudgegong Valley Public School
- Mudgee College (TAFE)
Medical and allied health facilities
- Mudgee District Hospital 
- Mudgee Psychology 
- Mudgee Family Chiropractic 
- Mudgee Radiology
- Mudgee Medical Centre 
Mudgee has a warm temperate climate, that borders on a humid subtropical climate. Summers are hot with frequent thunderstorms, however nighttime temperatures are still cool. Winters are cool, with frosty mornings and sunny days, interspersed with periods of heavy rain and occasionally even snow. Rainfall is moderate and falls fairly evenly all year round, with a slight peak in summer. Extreme temperatures have ranged from 42.5 °C (108.0 °F) to -8.3 °C (17.1 °F). The highest montly rainfall ever recorded was 303.2 mm (11.9 in) of rain in March 1926.
|Climate data for Mudgee (George Street 1962-2013)|
|Record high °C (°F)||42.5
|Average high °C (°F)||31.0
|Average low °C (°F)||15.5
|Record low °C (°F)||3.4
|Rainfall mm (inches)||67.7
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm)||6.1||5.9||5.3||4.7||6.3||8.0||8.3||7.8||7.2||7.4||6.8||6.5||80.3|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
- Dennis Talbot - professional boxer, went on to represent Australia in 1972's Olympics in Munich
- Natarsha Belling - national newsreader for Channel 10
- Aaron Downes - professional football player
- Jamie Fitzgerald - former professional rugby league player who played 71 First Grade NRL games
- Darrell Hair - international cricket umpire
- Lisa Keightley - cricketer, first woman to score a century at Lord's in England
- Karlissa Kennedy - one of Australia's most famous female printmakers. Known for her work with Northern Territory indigenous artists; she is a member of Australia's only all female printmaking studio Northern Editions.
- Henry Lawson - one of Australia's most recognised poets and short story writers. Lived in Mudgee for 16 years during childhood after his birth in Grenfell
- Louisa Lawson - mother of Henry Lawson, Prolific feminist activist
- David Lowe - Winemaker and owner Lowe Wines, President NSW Wine Industry Association, Vice President Australian Winemakers Federation
- Scott McGregor - Australian actor, TV presenter and railway historian
- Ken Sutcliffe - television Personality, sports reader for Channel Nine
- Ted Noffs - Methodist Minister and Founder of Wayside Chapel in Kings Cross 1964
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Media related to Mudgee at Wikimedia Commons