|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
|• Total||8.49 km2 (3.28 sq mi)|
|Elevation||548 m (1,798 ft)|
|• Density||5,001.29/km2 (12,953.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Mudhol is a town, old Name Muduoolalu, in the Bagalkot District in the Northern part of the state of Karnataka, India. It is about 60 km from the district headquarters of Bagalkot town on the left bank of the Ghataprabha River. It is famous for a breed of dog known as the Mudhol Hound. Mudhol State was ruled by the Ghorpade Maratha royal family.
The Principality of Mudhol ruled by the Ghorpade dynasty of the Marathas, was one of the 9-gun princely states of British India, under the summit of Niranjan. The state measured 368 square miles (508 km²) in area. According to the 1901 census, the population was 63,001, with the population of the town itself at 8,359 in that year. In 1901, the state enjoyed revenue estimated at £20,000. The state flag, called 'Bavuta', has a triangular tricolor of horizontal bands, in order from the top: white, black and green. All color bands came to the point in the fly.
Mudhol is located at  It has an average elevation of 549 metres (1801 feet)..
As of 2007[update] Mudhol census, Mudhol has a population of 103,612. Males contribute 51% of the population and females 49%. In Mudhol, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. This compares with a population of 42,461 in 2001.
Kannada is the official language.
There is an old underground Shiva Temple (called as "Nelagudi" which means Under Ground Temple).
The town is noted for its grinding stones. Mahalingapura is a town about 19 km to the northwest of Mudhol. Its earlier name, Naragatti, was subsequently renamed Mahalingapura in honour of Sant Mahalingeshwvara.
It is famous for its literary feats. Ranna, a Kannada poet of renown, is popularly known as "Maha Kavi" or the great poet. In recognition of his contribution to the Halegannada(Old Kannada) literature, the Government of Karnataka has developed a stadium and is in the process of commissioning a community hall and constructing a library which bear his name. A large number of hand looms are working in the town and handmade sarees manufactured here find markets.
Mudhol has a native breed of hunting dogs called "Mudhol Hounds". The breed is known for stamina, sharpness and agility and has international recognition through Kennel Club of India. This breed of dog is considered on the verge of extinction and Government Agencies are putting efforts to save this breed. The postage stamp with face value of Rs.5.00 is released by Indian Postal Department in recognition of Mudhol Hound.
In April 2014, a large flock of painted storks has been observed at a newly formed swamp just a few kilometers to the west of the town. Ghataprabha river spills over its right (west) bank when in spate. This water accumulates in a large trough. Over the three years from 2011 to 2014, the trough has turned into a year long swamp. Painted storks, black headed ibis, glossy ibis, purple swamphen, white breasted waterhen, Eurasian spoonbill, great egret and many other wader species are found at this location. This location can be found on the road to Yadwad. About 1 KM after crossing, the Ghtaprabha bridge, the road veers right. A couple of hundred meters from there, the swamp can be found on either sides of the road. 
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Mudhol
- "Alphabetical List of Towns and Their Population: Karnataka". Census Commission of India. 2001.
- Rozindar, Firoz (3 October 2012). "Care to raise a Mudhol hound? Here’s some help". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Kadkol, Pradeep Kumar. "Project to save Mudhol Hound launched" (5 November 2008). The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "Indian stamps Gallery". Retrieved 29 July 2014.