Mudurnu

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Mudurnu
Mudurnu is located in Turkey
Mudurnu
Mudurnu
Coordinates: 40°28′N 31°13′E / 40.467°N 31.217°E / 40.467; 31.217Coordinates: 40°28′N 31°13′E / 40.467°N 31.217°E / 40.467; 31.217
Country Turkey
Province Bolu
Area[1]
 • District 1,350.85 km2 (521.57 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 5,261
 • District 20,536
 • District density 15/km2 (39/sq mi)

Mudurnu is a small town and a district of Bolu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 52 km south-west of the city of Bolu. It covers an area of 1,349 km², and the population (2011) is 20,528 of which 4,936 live in the town of Mudurnu.[3] As of 2010, the mayor was Mehmet İnegöl (CHP).

History[edit]

The town has a long history and the name Mudurnu comes from the Byzantine princess Modrene (Μωδρηνή in Byzantine Greek), and the ruins of the Byzantine castle can still be seen above the town.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Mudurnu was part of the Kastamonu Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.

This is an attractive district of forest and mountain. Mudurnu itself is a historical town with a number of well-preserved Ottoman Empire period houses. A portion of the centre of town has been declared an Historic Preservation District ("Kentsel Sit Alanı").[4]

In 1920, during the Nationalists' push to gain control over the country, Ibrahim Colak with the Kuva-yi Milliye besieged forces loyal to the Porte for three days, May 13 to 15, before taking the town.

Economy[edit]

Until 2002 when it went bankrupt, the local economy was heavily dependent on the "Mudurnu Chicken" (Mudurnu Tavuk) company, one of Turkey's largest poultry producers and fast-food chains. There is a large statute of a chicken at the edge of town.[5] After the chicken processing plant closed in 2002, significant numbers of people left the town for jobs elsewhere[6] and the remaining populous began to invest in tidying up and restoring the old town in order to attract tourists and weekend visitors. Many of the old houses are now restaurants serving local cuisine.

In 2007 as part of the dissolution of Mudurnu Chicken the brand name was sold to Pak Chicken (Pak Tavuk), who produced chicken under that brand name, but not in Mudurnu.[6] Beginning in 2010 Pak Chicken opened a chicken packing plant in Mudurnu, employing 350 people by mid 2010.[6]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Babas Kaplıcası - mineral water spring with accommodation in a restored Ottoman wooden bathhouse.[7][8]
  • Yildrim Bayezid Mosque - built in 1372 as part of a complex of dervish lodges, the hamam and madrasha. According to the description at the mosque, it is the first mosque with a big single dome without columns.
  • Yildrim Bayezid Hamam - still functional and beautiful Turkish bath with Sauna, built 1382 by Ömer Ibrahim.
  • Lake Abant - located 20 kilometers North-East of Mudurnu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Adrese Dayali Nüfus Kayit Sİstemİ (ADNKS) Verİ Tabani: İlçelere göre il/ilçe merkezi ve belde/köy nüfusu - 2011 (Bolu il) (Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Data Base: By districts by province / district centers and towns / rural population – 2011 (Bolu Province))". Turkish Statistical Institute. 2012. 
  4. ^ Koçan, Nurhan (2011). "Mudurnu (Bolu) Kentsel Sit Alanı Üzerine Bir Araştırma (Research on the Urban Conservation Area for Mudurnu (Bolu))". Orman Fakültesi Dergisi (Journal of Forestry Faculty) (in Turkish) (Kastamonu University) 11 (1): 44–51. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Şahin, Şükran (21 July 2012). "Mudurnu’ya: Doğa, Kültür ve Tarihin Kucaklaştığı Yer (Mudurnu: Where Nature, Culture and History meet)". Gezi Alemi (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Güler, Eren (10 May 2010). "Mudurnu Piliç hayata dönüyor (Chicken Mudurnu coming to life)". Hürriyet Ekonomi. Archived from the original on 13 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Mudurnu'nun Şifa Kaynakları (Mudurnu Healing Resources)" (in Turkish). Mudurnu District of Bolu Province. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Babas Kaplıcası onarımdan sonra hizmete açılacak (Thermal Baths will be opened after repairs)". BolununSesi Gazetesi (BolununSesi Gazette) (in Turkish). 29 March 2010. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010.