|Alternative names||Breakfast muffin|
|Place of origin||England|
|Main ingredients||Flour, shortening, milk, sugar, yeast, cornmeal|
|Cookbook:English Muffin English Muffin|
An English muffin is a small, round, flat (or thin) type of yeast-leavened bread which is commonly sliced horizontally, toasted, and buttered. They are commonly eaten in the English-speaking world.
Muffins are commonly available in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Outside the United Kingdom they are commonly called English muffins. They are most often toasted and then topped with butter and/or jam.
They are also used in breakfast sandwiches with meat (bacon, ham, or sausage), egg (fried, scrambled, poached, or steam-poached), and/or cheese. They are the base ingredient in the traditional American brunch dish Eggs Benedict. They can be found in a wide range of varieties, including whole wheat, cinnamon raisin, cranberry, and apple cinnamon.
In Germany, English muffins are called Toasties or Toastbrötchen.
Despite being widely known as an historic English recipe, they are nowadays less widely eaten than crumpets, teacakes or scones, but they are available in some British supermarkets, where they are usually sold simply as muffins. As a form of 'enriched bread' they are thought to have been introduced by French Huguenot immigrants such as Sally Lunn; a type of teacake or sweetened muffin. The word itself is thought to be Low German muffen meaning 'little cakes'. In the past, muffins were sold by streethawkers door to door as a snack bread before most houses were provided with ovens in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, giving rise to the traditional song "Do you know the Muffin Man?" (who famously lives on Drury Lane in London). As in the US they are the foundation for eggs Florentine and eggs Benedict which commonly feature on UK brunch menus.
- List of breads
- List of British breads
- Muffin – the type of small sized, quick breads in American English
- David, Elizabeth (1977). English Bread and Yeast Cookery. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0713910267. Contains a discussion on the origins and use of the English muffin.
- Oxford English Dictionary 2nd Ed. (1989)
- "GOLDEN TOAST - Unsere Produkte". Retrieved 5 October 2014.