English muffin

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English Muffin
EnglishMuffinOnPlate wb.jpg
A split muffin
Alternative name(s) Breakfast muffin
Type Bread
Main ingredient(s) Flour, shortening, milk, sugar, yeast

An English muffin is a small, round, flat (or thin) type of yeast-leavened bread which is commonly served split horizontally, toasted, and buttered.[1] They are commonly eaten in the United States and the rest of the English-speaking world.

The term "English muffin" is most commonly used in North America to distinguish between this savory bread and the more common sweet cake-like muffin, which are sometimes known as "American muffins".

In North America and Oceania[edit]

Muffins are commonly available in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Outside the United Kingdom they are commonly called English muffins.[2] They are most often toasted and then topped with butter and/or jam. They are also used in breakfast sandwiches with meat (bacon, ham, or sausage), egg (fried, scrambled, poached, or steam-poached), and/or cheese. They are the base ingredient in the traditional American brunch dish Eggs Benedict. They can be found in a wide range of varieties, including whole wheat, cinnamon raisin, cranberry, and apple cinnamon. American muffin styles are called: 'quick breads' it's made in individual molds. Quick breads (chemically leavened as opposed to yeast leavened) was not developed until the end of 18th century.

United Kingdom[edit]

Wholemeal English muffins, bought in Abingdon, England.

Despite being considered as quintessentially English, and available in most British supermarkets, they are less widely eaten than crumpets or scones. American-style muffins are usually sold simply as muffins.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elizabeth David (1977) English Yeast and Bread Cookery, Allen Lane, London ISBN 0713910267
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary 2nd Ed. (1989)

Further reading[edit]

  • English Bread and Yeast Cookery by Elizabeth David, Penguin Books, 1979, contains a discussion on the origins and use of the English muffin.