Mufti Amimul Ehasan

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Mufti Sayed Muhammd Amimul Ehasan Barkati (Arabic: مفتى سيد محمد عميم الاحسان بركتى‎) (বাংলা: মুফতী সাইয়্যেদ মুহাম্মাদ আমীমুল ইহসান বারকাতী ) (Urdu: مفتى سيد محمد عميم الاحسان بركتى‎) better known as Mufti Amimul Ehasan, (মুফতী আমীমুল ইহসান) was a renowned Islamic scholar. He is also recognized for his knowledge in fiqh, hadith, and tafsir. He has authored a large number of books in Arabic, Urdu. He has also prepared the time table of 5 waqt salat (Prayer time table) for Bangladesh. He has also served as grand mufti in Calcutta formerly known as West Bengal.

Biography[edit]

He was born in 24 January 1911 (22 Muharram, 1329 Hijri) Monday at Bihar state in Munger district a village named Pachna in India. His father was Moulvi Sayed Muhammd Hakeem Abdul Mannan and mother was Sayeda Sajeda. He was second among 4 brothers and 3 sisters.

Education[edit]

He got his primary knowledge of Islam from his paternal uncle Sayed Abdud Dayyan. Later on he gained the knowledge of tassuf from a renowned Sufi scholar of India, Hazrat Sayed Shah Abu Barkat Ali shah. As he had become a murid of him he added the word Barkati as his surname. Mufti Amimul Ehasan acquired his academic learning from the renowned Madrash Aliya at Calcutta in 1926. He Accomplish his study on hadees and got the title of Mumtazol muhadesin. In 1933 he obtained gold medal for his brilliance in education. In 1934 he gained the title of Mufti from his teacher Mawlānā Mufti Mustaq Ahmed kanpuri.

Working life[edit]

In 1934 Mufti Amimul Ehasan was appointed as the Imam and teacher of Calcutta Nakhoda Masjid. In 1935 he also got the responsibility of Head Mufti of that madrasha's Darul Ifta. In 1943 he joined Calcutta Aliya Madrasah. After the establishment of Pakistan on 14 August 1947, Calcutta Aliya Madrasah was shifted from India to East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh). Along with other teachers he also decided to move in Dhaka on 22 August 1947. In 1956 he got promoted as the Head Mawlānā of Dhaka Aliya Madrasah and served his duty till 1969. In 1964 he became the first khatib of the national Masjeed of Bangladesh, Baitul Mukarram. He led the regular Juma prayer and Eid prayer at the National Masjeed during his glorified working life. He was on that position till his last breath.

Establishment of Masjeed[edit]

When Mufti Amimul Ehasan arrived in Dhaka in 1947 he found many majseed in miserable condition. There were not a sound atmosphere for doing regular salat which really hurt him. Every day, he travelled to different parts of Dhaka with his students. When he found any Masjeed with poor condition and no imam appointed, he used to pray a salat and order someone eligible to conduct regular prayer here. With this belief he reestablished many Masjeeds in Dhaka. He got a deep interest in a Masjeed at Sutrapur in Dhaka and took the responsibilities by reestablishing that one. He named that Masjeed as Naksbandi Masjeed. But now that Masjeed is named after his name and known as Masjed e Mufti – Azam. He bought a house along the masjeed to live at 14 no Tanogange lane, Sutrapur and named that Mufti Manzil. He became the first Khatib of Naksbandi Masjeed. When he was appointed as Khatib of Baitul Mukarram he made his younger brother Dr. Sayed Muhammad Nowman Barkati as the Khatib of Naksbandi Masjeed. At present Mawlānā Sayed Muhammad Safwan nowmani, nephew of Mufti Amimul Ehasan and the youngest son of Dr. Sayed Muhammad Nowman Barkati has got responsibility of the Masjeed.

Islamic work[edit]

Mufti Amimul Ehasan is well known all over the world by his notable writing in the different fields of Islam. He has authored more than two hundred Books. Some of his books are recognized in the syllabus of various world renowned Islamic Universities, Madrashas etc. Here is the list of some of his famous books.

Fiqus Sunan Wal Asar
Ershadat Wa Mamulat
Mizanul Akbar
Tareke Hajj
  1. Fiqhus-sunan wal Athar
  2. Qawa'idul-Fiqh
  3. Fatwae Barkati
  4. Adabul Mufti
  5. Al usolul kargee
  6. Usolul masailut iktilfat
  7. At tasruf li Adabit Tasuuf
  8. At-tanjed fe tawhid
  9. At tanver fe usole tafseer
  10. Tariqe Islam
  11. Tariqe Ilme Haddes
  12. Tariqe Ilme Fiqh
  13. Sirajum munira Milad nama (سراجا منير)
  14. Tarikae Hajj
  15. Lubbul Usol
  16. Maske Fariez
  17. Minnatul bari
  18. Mijanul Akbar
  19. Miyarul Asar
  20. Wasiyatnama
  21. hadiyatul Musallin

Mufti Amimul Ehasan wrote all of his book in Arabic and Urdu language. Some of them are also translated in Bangla language.

Personal life[edit]

Mufti Amimul Ehasan married Sayeda Maymuna, daughter of his mentor and a famous Sufi saint Sayed Abu Muhammad Barkat Ali shah. They had a daughter named Sultana who died at an early age. His wife also died early. Then he got married to another women named Sayeda Fatima and they have a boy named Sayed Munim and a girl named Sayeda Amina. Sayed Munim was also died when he was a child. His second wife died in 1937. He got married to Sayeda kadija and lived with her till his death. Among all the children of Mufti Amimul Ehasan, only her youngest daughter Sayeda Amina khatun was alive during his death. She died in 1990. Mufti Amimul Ehasan performed Hajj three times in 1954, 1958 and in 1971 during his lifetime.

Death[edit]

Mazar of Mufti Amimul Ehasan
Tombstone of Mufti Amimul Ehasan
Tombstone of Mufti Amimul Ehasan

During 1973-74 Mufti Amimul Ehasan's health started to deteriorate. In the year 1974 the masjeed committee of Baitul Mukarram has some misunderstanding with him and behave roughly to him. It hurt him and decided to not go again in Baitul Mukarram for further Juma prayer. He returns the key of his room and said "I will not be coming next week". Before the next Friday arrived he left this world. In 10 October 1974, 10th Sawal 1395 Hijri at midnight, Ehasan died. Next day on 28 October his funeral prayer was held at Baitul Mukarram national masjeed. The prayer conducted by his nephew and narinda peer sahib Hazrat Nazre Imam Muhamad. Then he was buried into his laid masjeed, Masjed e Mufti – Azam. In the entrance in his mazar gate a famous Persian poem has been written

هرگز نميں دانكه دل ازز نده شدبه عشق

ثبت است برجريده عالم دوام ما

:Never say death to those whose heart is filled with love of Allah

They are alive and ever refreshed.