Mugeni

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Mugeni
Bögöz
Commune
The Reformed church
The Reformed church
Location of Mugeni
Location of Mugeni
Mugeni is located in Romania
Mugeni
Mugeni
Location of Mugeni
Coordinates: 46°15′0″N 25°13′0″E / 46.25000°N 25.21667°E / 46.25000; 25.21667Coordinates: 46°15′0″N 25°13′0″E / 46.25000°N 25.21667°E / 46.25000; 25.21667
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Mózes Farkas[2] (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 65.30 km2 (25.21 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,347[1]
 • Density 52.90/km2 (137.0/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537205
Area code(s) +40 266

Mugeni (Hungarian: Bögöz [ˈbøɡøz]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of eight villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian First recorded Pop.(2002)
Aluniş Székelymagyaros In 1566 as Mogijoros 143
Beta Béta In 1566 as Beta 304
Dejuţiu Décsfalva In 1566 as Dechfalva 200
Dobeni Székelydobó In 1334 as Dobov 587
Lutiţa Agyagfalva In 1506 as Agyagfalva 760
Mătişeni Mátisfalva In 1567 as Mattijwsffalwa 128
Mugeni Bögöz In 1333 as Bugus 1042
Tăietura Vágás In 1334 as Voygias 296[3]

In 2004, the villages of Porumbenii Mari and Porumbenii Mici formed the commune of Porumbeni (Nagygalambfalva). The village of Beteşti (Betfalva) was transferred to the town of Cristuru Secuiesc that year.

History[edit]

The villages forming the present-day commune were part of the Székely Land region of the historical Transylvania province. They belonged to Csíkszék district until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Hungarian (Székely) majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 5,869 of which 98.82% or 5,800 are Hungarian.[4]

Notable people[edit]

  • Imre Palló (1891 - 1978): leading baritone at the Budapest State Opera
  • Lajos Gidófalvy (1901 - 1945): military officer, antifascist activist
  • János Kardalus (1935 - 2006): ethnographer

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian) harghita.insse.ro - Recensământul populaţiei şi al locuinţeloe 2011, judeţul Harghita (date ptrovizorii); retrieved on March 25, 2013
  2. ^ (Romanian) alegeri.tv - Alegeri locale 2012 - Rezultate alegeri Primăria Mugeni, judeţul Harghita; retrieved on March 25, 2013
  3. ^ János András Vistai. "Tekintő – Erdélyi Helynévkönyv".  Transylvanian Toponym Book
  4. ^ "Etnikai statisztikák" (in Hungarian). Árpád E. Varga. Retrieved 2010-05-20.