Mughal–Rajput War (1558–78)

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Mughal!-Rajput War
Part of Mughal Empire
Mogulreich Akbar.png
Territories of the Mughal Empire and the Rajputs.
Date 1558-1679
Location India
 Result=Mughal victory
Belligerents
 Mughal Empire Mewar.svg Mewar
Rajputs
Commanders and leaders
Akbar
Man Singh I
Jehangir
Shah Jahan
Aurangzeb
Jai Singh II
Mewar.svg Udai Singh
Mewar.svg Jaimal and Patta
Mewar.svg Maharana Pratap
Amar Singh I
Rana Jai Singh
Shakti Singh
Strength
500,000 2,000,000
Casualties and losses
250,000 1,500,000

Template:Campaign-box Mughal-Rajput War

The Mughal-Rajput War (1558–1578) was a conflict between the Mughal Empire of India and the local Hindu kings, the Rajputs.

Mewar Resistance[edit]

Mughal Emperor Akbar came to power in 1556, allying himself with the northwest rajputs. The new emperor soon adopted Indian ways of waging war: from war Elephants to the Bagh Nakh, or "tiger claw". Rajput nobles were recruited, along with their peasant troops: armies of up to half a million troops were mobilized. Akbar the Great spent almost all his reigning life at war. During the 1560s and 70s he asserted his power over his Rajput "allies"; most accepted, since Akbar gave them privileged offices of state. But the king of Mewar Udai Singh resisted him, as well as some other Rajputs.

Akbar wanted to conquer Mewar, which was being ruled by Rana Uday Singh, the king of Mewar. To establish himself as the supreme lord of Northern India, he wanted to capture the renowned fortress of Chittor, as a precursor to conquering the whole of India. Kunwar Shakti Singh, son of the Rana who had quarreled with his father, had run away and approached Akbar when the latter was camping at Dholpur and preparing to attack Malwa. During one of these meetings, in August 1567, Shakti Singh came to know from a remark made in jest by emperor Akbar that he was intending to wage war against Chittor. Akbar had told Shakti Singh in jest that since his father had not submitted himself before him like other princes and chieftains of the region he would attack him. Startled by this revelation, Shakti Singh quietly rushed back to Chittor and informed his father of the impending invasion by Akbar. Akbar was furious with the departure of Shakti Singh and decided to attack Mewar to humble the arrogance of the Ranas. In September 1567, the emperor left for Chittor, and on October 20, 1567, camped in the vast plains outside the fort. In the meantime, Rana Uday Singh, on the advice of his council of advisors, decided to go away from Chittor to the hills of Udaipur. Jaimal and Patta, two brave army chieftains of Mewar, were left behind to defend the fort along with 8,000 Rajput warriors under their command. Akbar laid siege to the fortress. The Rajput army fought valiantly and Akbar himself had narrowly escaped death. In this grave situation, Akbar had prayed for divine help for achieving victory and vowed to visit the shrine of the sufi saint Khwaja at Ajmer. On that day Jaimal was seriously wounded but he continued to fight with support from Patta. Jaimal ordered jauhar to be performed where princes and princesses of Mewar and noble matrons committed self-immolation at the funeral pyre.[citation needed] Next day the gates of the fort were opened and Rajput soldiers charged out bravely to fight the enemies. Jaimal and Patta, who fought bravely, were at last killed in action.[1] Soon, the Mughal armies came to face a new threat in Maharana Pratap, the king of Mewar. Resplendent on his white horse, Chetak, Pratap fought at the Battle of Haldighati but was wounded. Foreseeing impending defeat due to much less numbers and being seriously wounded, he retreated to forests, from where he reorganised his army with financial help from Bhamasah, a businessmen, who was a very patriotic person. Rana Pratap never surrendered and fought against the Mughals all his life. But his horse, Chetak, who had saved his life, was killed in this battle at Haldighati.

Aftermath[edit]

Rajput Aggression was limited until 1679 when the united forces of Marwar and Mewar Rajputs were defeated by the Mughals in Rajasthan and failed to recovered most of the parts,failed to re-capturing Jodhpur in 1707 after Aurangzeb's death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ishwari Prasad. "A Short History of Muslim Rule in India". Era of reconstruction. The Indian Press, Ltd. pp. 364–366. Retrieved 2009-06-22.